Thomas Walcot (Lieut Colonel)

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Col. Thomas Walcot (1625 – July 20, 1683) born in Warwickshire, the fourth son of Charles Walcot and Elizabeth Games, a Puritan and Lt. Col. in the Parliamentary Army. [1] Thomas married Jane Blayney, (daughter of Thomas Blayney, niece of Edward Blayney, 1st Baron Blayney and grand-niece of Adam Loftus (bishop)) purchased Ballyvarra Castle in 1655, and in 1659 was at Dunmurry. He settled at Croagh, Co. Limerick, Ireland where he had an estate of £800 per annum. He also had lands at Amogan in the Barony of Lower Conneloe. [2] He was offered the Governorship of Province of Carolina, but declined it. [3] Arrested in 1672 on allegation of planning a Dutch invasion of Ireland. Spent eight months in Tower of London before being exonerated.

Edward Blayney, 1st Baron Blayney, also Blainey or Blaney (1570-1629) was a Welsh soldier and politician in Ireland. He became Baron Blayney of Monaghan in the Peerage of Ireland. He gave his name to the town of Castleblayney, which he founded in about 1611.

Adam Loftus (bishop) British bishop

Adam Loftus was Archbishop of Armagh, and later Dublin, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1581. He was also the first Provost of Trinity College, Dublin.

Province of Carolina Colony in North America

The Province of Carolina was an English and later a British colony of North America. Carolina was founded in what is present-day North Carolina. Carolina expanded south and, at its greatest extent, nominally included the present-day states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee and Mississippi, and parts of modern Florida and Louisiana.

Arrested on July 8 or 10, 1683 for his part in the Rye House Plot, a conspiracy to assassinate Charles II and his brother, James, Duke of York, as they traveled from the Newmarket races to London past Rye House in Hertfordshire.

Stood trial on July 12, 1863 at the Sessions-House in the Old Bailey London for High Treason [4] Walcot was hanged, drawn and quartered on July 20, 1683 at Tyburn Hill (Marble Arch) in London and head exhibited on spike at Aldgate. Walcot was the last man in England to undergo this punishment.

Tyburn village in the county of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch in present-day London

Tyburn was a village in the county of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road in present-day London. It took its name from the Tyburn Brook, a tributary of the River Westbourne. The name Tyburn, from Teo Bourne meaning 'boundary stream', is quite widely occurring, and the Tyburn Brook should not be confused with the better known River Tyburn, which is the next tributary of the River Thames to the east of the Westbourne.

William Russell, Lord Russell, cousin of Thomas Walcot, was also convicted and executed. Algernon Sidney, [5] was convicted on weaker evidence by Judge George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, who was brought in as Lord Chief Justice in September 1683.

William Russell, Lord Russell English politician executed for treason

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Algernon Sidney British politician and political theorist

Algernon Sidney or Sydney was an English politician and member of the middle part of the Long Parliament. A republican political theorist, colonel, and commissioner of the trial of King Charles I of England, he opposed the king's execution. Sidney was later charged with plotting against Charles II, in part based on his most famous work, Discourses Concerning Government, used by the prosecution as a witness at his trial. He was executed for treason. After his death, Sidney was revered as a "Whig patriot–hero and martyr".

Thomas Walcot was exonerated by the reversal of attainder in 1696 in favor of his eldest son, John under William III of England.

In English criminal law, attainder or attinctura was the metaphorical "stain" or "corruption of blood" which arose from being condemned for a serious capital crime. It entailed losing not only one's life, property and hereditary titles, but typically also the right to pass them on to one's heirs. Both men and women condemned of capital crimes could be attainted.

William III of England Stadtholder, Prince of Orange and King of England, Scotland and Ireland

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  1. Ludlow, Edmund, and C. H. Firth. 1894. The memoirs of Edmund Ludlow, lieutenant-general of the horse in the army of the commonwealth of England, 1625-1672 (Volume 1), p 416 Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  2. Burton, Rev. John, 1930 The History of the Family of Walcot of Walcot, p 24
  3. The Province of Carolina, originally chartered in 1629, was an English and later British colony of North America. Because the original Heath charter was unrealized and was ruled invalid, a new charter was issued to a group of eight English noblemen, the Lords Proprietors, on March 24, 1663. Led informally by Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, the Province of Carolina was controlled from 1663 to 1729 by these lords and their heirs. Thomas Walcott and Robert Ferguson had accompanied Shaftesbury to the Netherlands, in his self-imposed exile of November 1682. They then both returned to London, and associated with West, who learned from Walcott of Shaftesbury's own plan for a general rebellion. Walcott went on to say that he would lead the attack on the royal guards, but he was another of the plotters who drew the line at assassination
  4. A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Year 1783, with Notes and Other Illustrations, Volume 9, p. 519 (Google eBook)
  5. Algernon Sidney was the great-Grandson of Sir Henry Sidney and Charles Walcot, the grand Father of Thomas Walcot was the ward of Sir Henry the result of the old feudal system