Thomas Waldron Sumner

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Thomas Waldron Sumner (1768–1849) was an architect and government representative in Boston, Massachusetts, in the early 19th century. [1] [2] He designed East India Marine Hall and the Independent Congregational Church in Salem; [3] [4] and the South Congregational Society church in Boston. [5] He was also involved with the Exchange Coffee House, Boston. [6]

Boston Capital city of Massachusetts, United States

Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States.

Massachusetts State of the United States of America

Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

Salem, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

Salem is a historic coastal city in Essex County, Massachusetts, located in the North Shore region. It is a New England bedrock of history and is considered one of the most significant seaports in Puritan American history.

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In Boston he lived on Cambridge Street [7] and Chamber Street, [8] and later moved to Brookline. [9] He belonged to the Boston Associated Housewrights Society [10] and the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanick Association. [11] Sumner married Elizabeth Hubbard (1770–1839); children included Caroline Sumner (born 1796) and Thomas Hubbard Sumner. His parents were engineer James Sumner (1740–1814) and Alice Waldron (died 1773). [12] [13] The artist John Christian Rauschner created portraits of Sumner and his wife. [14]

Brookline, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, in the United States, and is a part of Greater Boston. Brookline borders six of Boston's neighborhoods: Brighton, Allston, Fenway–Kenmore, Mission Hill, Jamaica Plain, and West Roxbury. The city of Newton lies to the west of Brookline.

Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association

The Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association (est.1795) of Boston, Massachusetts, was "formed for the sole purposes of promoting the mechanic arts and extending the practice of benevolence." Founders included Paul Revere, Jonathan Hunnewell, and Benjamin Russell. Through much of the 19th century, the association organized conferences and exhibitions devoted to innovation in the mechanical arts.

Thomas Hubbard Sumner was a sea captain during the 19th century. He is best known for developing the celestial navigation method known as the Sumner line or line of position.

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References

  1. "Lived in Boston; was an architect; Representative 1805–11, '16, '17..." Appleton, William S. (1879), Record of the descendants of William Sumner, of Dorchester, Mass., 1636, Boston: D. Clapp & Son, pp.21, 49-50
  2. Oliver Ayer Roberts (1897), History of the military company of the Massachusetts now called the ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts.., Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son
  3. Bryant Franklin Tolles, Jr. Architecture in Salem: an illustrated guide. NH: University Press of New England, 2004
  4. "Independent Congregational Church, Barton Square, Salem, Mass". Boston Athenaeum catalog.
  5. Caleb H. Snow (1828), A history of Boston, Boston: A. Bowen, OCLC   734614
  6. Jane Kamensky. Exchange Artist: a tale of high-flying speculation and America's first banking collapse. Viking, 2008.
  7. Boston Directory, 1796
  8. Boston Directory, 1805
  9. R.G.F. Candage. "The Gridley House, Brookline, and Jeremy Gridley." Publications of the Brookline Historical Society, 1903
  10. "Boston Associated Housewrights Society, instituted 1804. Thos. W. Sumner, president." cf. The Massachusetts manual, or, Political and historical register. Boston: Callender, 1814
  11. Alpheus Cary. Addresses delivered before the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association ... 6th triennial celebration. Boston: Munroe & Francis, 1824
  12. Appleton. 1879
  13. Descendants may have included the architects Greene & Greene. cf. Kenneth Hafertepe, James F. O'Gorman. American architects and their books, 1840–1915, Books 1840–1915. Univ of Massachusetts Press, 2007
  14. Ethel Stanwood Bolton (1915), Wax portraits and silhouettes, Boston: Massachusetts Society of the Colonial Dames of America
  15. Bryant F. Tolles Jr. Architecture & Academe: College Buildings in New England Before 1860. NH: UPNE, 2011

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