Thomas Walker Arnold

Last updated

Sir

Thomas Walker Arnold

CIE
Thomasarnoldorientalist.jpg
Sir Thomas Arnold
Born(1864-04-19)19 April 1864
Died9 June 1930(1930-06-09) (aged 66)
Scientific career
Influenced Muhammad Iqbal

Sir Thomas Walker Arnold CIE (19 April 18649 June 1930) was a British orientalist and historian of Islamic art. He taught at Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, [1] later Aligarh Muslim University, and Government College University, Lahore. [2]

Contents

Arnold was a friend of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, who influenced him to write the famous book The Preaching of Islam, [2] and of Shibli Nomani, with whom he taught at Aligarh. He taught Syed Sulaiman Nadvi and the poet-philosopher Muhammad Iqbal. [3] He was the first English editor for the first edition of The Encyclopaedia of Islam . [2]

Life

Thomas Walker Arnold was born in Devonport, Plymouth on 19 April 1864, [4] and educated at the City of London School. From 1888 he worked as a teacher at the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh. In 1892 he married Celia Mary Hickson, [2] a niece of Theodore Beck. [4] In 1898, he accepted a post as Professor of Philosophy at the Government College, Lahore and later became Dean of the Oriental Faculty at Punjab University. [2] From 1904 to 1909 he was on the staff of the India Office as Assistant Librarian. In 1909 he was appointed Educational Adviser to Indian students in Britain. [4] From 1917 to 1920 he acted as Adviser to the Secretary of State for India. [5] He was Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the School of Oriental Studies, University of London, from 1921 to 1930. [2]

Arnold was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1912, and in 1921 was invested as a knight.[ clarification needed ] He died on 9 June 1930. [6]

Works

Related Research Articles

<i>Mohammedan</i> Formerly common term referring to Islam

Mohammedan is a term for a follower of Muhammad, the Islamic prophet. It is used as both a noun and an adjective, meaning belonging or relating to, either Muhammad or the religion, doctrines, institutions and practices that he established. The word was formerly common in usage, but the terms Muslim and Islamic are more common today. Though sometimes used stylistically by some Muslims, a vast majority consider the term a misnomer.

Syed Ahmad Khan Indian educator and politician

Sir Syed Ahmed Taqvi bin Syed Muhammad Muttaqi KCSI, commonly known as Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, was an Islamic pragmatist, Islamic reformer, and philosopher of nineteenth century British India. Born into a family with strong debts to the Mughal court, Ahmed studied the Quran and Sciences within the court. He was awarded an honorary LLD from the University of Edinburgh in 1889.

Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner British orientalist

Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner, also known as Gottlieb William Leitner, was a British orientalist.

Shibli Nomani Indian scholar

Shibli Nomani was an Islamic scholar from the Indian subcontinent during British Raj. He was born at Bindwal in Azamgarh district of present-day Uttar Pradesh. He is known for the founding of the Shibli National College in 1883 and the Darul Mussanifin in Azamgarh. Shibli was a versatile scholar in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Urdu. He was also a poet. He collected much material on the life of the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad but could write only first two volumes of the planned work the Sirat-un-Nabi. His disciple, Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, made use of this material and added to it and also wrote remaining five volumes of the work, the Sirat-un-Nabi after the death of his mentor.

H. A. R. Gibb Scottish orientalist

Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb, known as H. A. R. Gibb, was a Scottish historian on Orientalism.

Ziauddin Ahmad Indian mathematician and philosopher

Sir Ziauddin Ahmad was an Indian mathematician, parliamentarian, logician, natural philosopher, politician, political theorist, educationist and a scholar. He was a member of the Aligarh Movement and was a professor, principal of MAO College, first pro vice-chancellor, vice chancellor and rector of Aligarh Muslim University, India. He served as vice chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University for three terms.

Hamiduddin Farahi was an Indian Islamic scholar known for his work on the concept of nazm, or coherence, in the Qur'an.

The All India Muhammadan Educational Conference was an organisation promoting modern, liberal education for the Muslim community in India. It was founded by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, also the founder of the Aligarh Muslim University. All India Mumammadan Educational Conference was the origin of the All-India Muslim League. The Muslim League was born in the 20th session of All India Muhammadan Educational Conference, which was established by Syed Ahmed Khan in Aligarh in 1886. Muhammadan Educational Conference used to hold its annual meetings in various cities where, by the co-operation of local Muslims, steps were taken for the progress of education.

Syed Zafarul Hasan Pakistani philosopher

Syed Zafarul Hasan was a prominent twentieth-century Pakistani Muslim philosopher.

Syed Mahmood Indian lawyer

Justice Syed Mahmood was Puisne Judge of the High Court, North-Western Provinces of British India from 1887 to 1893, after having served in the High Court in a temporary capacity as officiating judge on four previous periods since 1882. He was the first Indian jurist to be appointed to High Court at Allahabad, and the first Muslim to serve as a High Court judge in the British Raj. Syed Mahmood also had a major role in assisting his father, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan in establishing the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, which later developed into Aligarh Muslim University. As a jurist, his judgments dominate the Indian Law Reports: Allahabad Series for the years he was on the bench. He also participated actively in the formation of laws through writing lengthy notes on proposed laws to the legislative councils of both the Governor-General of India and the Lieutenant Governor of the North-Western Provinces. Syed Mahmood was appointed to the N.-W.P. and Oudh Legislative Council from 1896 to 1898.

Jamal Khwaja Indian politician

Jamal Khwaja is a retired Indian philosopher.

Abdul Majeed Khwaja Indian politician

Abdul Majeed Khwaja (1885–1962), an Indian lawyer, educationist, social reformer and freedom fighter, was born at Aligarh, a small but historically significant town in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Pindrawal is a town in Bulandshahr district of Uttar Pradesh, India

Mian Mohammad Sharif TI, was an influential Pakistani philosopher, clergyman, and college professor. He is noted for his notable work in analytical philosophy and pioneered the idea of Muslim philosophy. He wrote on this subject and his work was published in international philosophical journals.

Raja Jai Kishan Das Chaube, CSI, Rai Bahadur was an Indian administrator and close associate of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, founder of Aligarh Muslim University.

Maharaja Sir Mohammad Ali Mohammad Khan, Khan Bahadur, KCSI, KCIE was the Raja of Mahmudabad from 28 June 1903 to 23 March 1931 and a noted politician, zamindar of British India.

The Aligarh Movement was the push to establish a modern system of education for the Muslim population of British India, during the later decades of the 19th century. The movement's name derives from the fact that its core and origins lay in the city of Aligarh in Northern India and, in particular, with the foundation of the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in 1875. The founder of the oriental college, and the other educational institutions that developed from it, was Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. He became the leading light of the wider Aligarh Movement.

Muslim University Riding Club (MURC) established as M.A.O. College riding school is a 130 year old club of the Aligarh Muslim University. The players of the club have also featured in the London magazine in 1974. MURC is the only riding club in a university in India. It also has a strong 19 member riding squad. The club is open for both the sexes.

Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College was founded in 1875 by Sir Syed, initially as a primary school, with the intention of taking it to a college level institution, known as Muhammedan Anglo Oriental Collegiate School. Its given Urdu name was Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind. It started operations on Queen Victoria's 56th birthday, 24 May 1875.

Saeed Ahmad Akbarabadi (1908-1985) was an Indian Sunni Islamic scholar, Urdu-language author, and former dean of the Faculty of Theology, Aligarh Muslim University.

References

  1. "Empire in Your Backyard: Imperial Plymouth". www.britishempire.co.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 electricpulp.com. "ARNOLD, THOMAS WALKER – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  3. "Sir Thomas Walker Arnold | Aligarh Movement". aligarhmovement.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 "Thomas W. Arnold | Making Britain". www.open.ac.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  5. "Thomas Walker Arnold". Goodreads. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  6. Arnold, Thomas Walker (1 January 1913). The preaching of Islam : a history of the propagation of the Muslim faith. London : Constable.