Thomas Wallace, 1st Baron Wallace

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The Lord Wallace

Vice-President of the Board of Trade
In office
Preceded by F. J. Robinson
Succeeded by Charles Grant
Personal details
Died23 February 1844 (aged 77-78)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Thomas Wallace, 1st Baron Wallace, PC DCL FRSE (1768 – 23 February 1844) was an English politician holding multiple key roles in the government.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Doctor of Civil Law university conferred law degree or awarded honorary doctorate

Doctor of Civil Law is a degree offered by some universities, such as the University of Oxford, instead of the more common Doctor of Laws (LLD) degrees.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.


Early life

Wallace was born at Brampton in 1768, the son of James Wallace (1729–1783), a barrister who served as Solicitor General for England and Wales and as Attorney General to George III, and his wife, Elizabeth Simpson, the only daughter and sole heiress of Thomas Simpson Esq., of Carleton Hall, Cumberland. [1]

Brampton, Carlisle market town, civil parish and electoral ward within the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England

Brampton is a small market town, civil parish and electoral ward within the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England, about 9 miles (14 km) east of Carlisle and 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Hadrian's Wall. Historically part of Cumberland, it is situated off the A69 road which bypasses it. Brampton railway station, on the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway, is about a mile outside the town, near the hamlet of Milton.

James Wallace (British politician) British politician

James Wallace (1729–1783), of Carleton Hall, Cumbria, was an English barrister, Member of Parliament, Solicitor General and Attorney General.

Barrister lawyer specialized in court representation in Wales, England and some other jurisdictions

A barrister is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions. Barristers mostly specialise in courtroom advocacy and litigation. Their tasks include taking cases in superior courts and tribunals, drafting legal pleadings, researching the philosophy, hypothesis and history of law, and giving expert legal opinions. Often, barristers are also recognised as legal scholars.

He was educated at Eton College from 1777 to 1784. He then studied at Christ Church at Oxford University, graduating MA in 1790.

Eton College school in Windsor and Maidenhead, UK

Eton College is a public school for boys aged 13-18 in Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore, as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school. Eton's history and influence have made it one of the most prestigious schools in the world.

Christ Church, Oxford Constituent college of the University of Oxford in England

Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.

Featherstone Castle, Northumberland Featherstone Castle (back).jpg
Featherstone Castle, Northumberland

Following the death of his father in 1783, he inherited (at age 15) Carleton Hall, which lies near Penrith, Cumbria.

Penrith, Cumbria town in Cumbria, England

Penrith is a market town and civil parish in the county of Cumbria, England. Penrith lies less than 3 miles (5 km) outside the boundaries of the Lake District National Park. Historically a part of Cumberland, Penrith's local authority is currently Eden District Council, which is based in the town. Penrith was formerly the seat of both Penrith Urban and Rural District Councils. From 1974 to 2015, Penrith had no town council of its own, and was an unparished area. A civil parish of Penrith was recreated in 2015. Penrith Town Council was formed in 2015 and the first elections to the council took place on May 7, 2015.

In 1793 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Andrew Dalzell, Henry Brougham and Alexander Fraser Tytler. [2]

Royal Society of Edinburgh academy of sciences

The Royal Society of Edinburgh is Scotland's national academy of science and letters. It is a registered charity, operating on a wholly independent and non-party-political basis and providing public benefit throughout Scotland. It was established in 1783. As of 2017, it has more than 1,660 Fellows.

Andrew Dalzell Scottish scholar

Prof Andrew Dalzell FRSE (1742–1806) was a Scottish scholar and prominent figure during the Scottish Enlightenment. In 1783 he was a co-founder of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

Henry Brougham, FRSE, of Brougham Hall (1742-1810), was an important landowner in north west England whose estates extended throughout much of Westmorland.

He sold the Carleton estate in 1828 to John Cowper. He then acquired Featherstone Castle near Haltwhistle, Northumberland and remodelled it in the 1830s to a Gothic style.

Featherstone Castle Large Gothic style country mansion situated on the bank of the River South Tyne in Northumberland, England.

Featherstone Castle, a Grade I listed building, is a large Gothic style country mansion situated on the bank of the River South Tyne about 3 miles (5 km) southwest of the town of Haltwhistle in Northumberland, England.

Haltwhistle town in Northumberland, England

Haltwhistle is a small town and civil parish in Northumberland, England, 10 miles (16 km) east of Brampton, near Hadrian's Wall. It had a population of 3,811 at the 2011 Census.

Political career

Wallace was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Grampound from 1790 to 1796, for Penryn from 1796 to 1802, for Hindon from 1802 to 1807, for Shaftesbury from 1807 to 1812, for Weymouth from 1812 to 1813, for Cockermouth from 1813 to 1818 and again for Weymouth from 1818 to 1828.

He was Lord of the Admiralty from 1797 to 1800.

He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1801 [3] and ennobled as Baron Wallace, of Knaresdale in the County of Northumberland, on 2 February 1828. [4]

He was a member of the Board of Control from 1807-1816 (responsible for overseeing the British East India Company), and Vice-President of the Board of Trade from 1818 to 1823. From 1823 to 1827 he was Master of the Mint.

Personal life

In 1814 Baron Wallace aged 46 he married Lady Jane Hope (1766-1829), [5] Viscountess Melville (widow of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville), daughter of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun. Lady Jane died in June 1829. Lady Jane was then 48 and well beyond child-bearing years, even had she been able (she had no children by her first marriage).

Lord Wallace survived her by 15 years and died at Featherstone on 23 February 1844. Having no children, the baronetcy died with him. [6]

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  1. Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN   978-0-902198-84-5.
  2. Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN   978-0-902198-84-5.
  3. "No. 15367". The London Gazette . 19 May 1801. p. 557.
  4. "No. 18435". The London Gazette . 25 January 1828. p. 161.
  6. Thomas Wallace, 1st Baron Wallace
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Cocks
Francis Baring
Member of Parliament for Grampound
With: Jeremiah Crutchley
Succeeded by
Bryan Edwards
Robert Sewell
Preceded by
Sir Francis Basset
Richard Glover
Member of Parliament for Penryn
With: William Meeke
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Penryn
With: William Meeke
Succeeded by
Sir Stephen Lushington
Sir John Nicholl
Preceded by
James Wildman
Matthew Lewis
Member of Parliament for Hindon
With: John Pedley
Succeeded by
William Beckford
Benjamin Hobhouse
Preceded by
Edward Loveden Loveden
Home Riggs Popham
Member of Parliament for Shaftesbury
With: Edward Loveden Loveden
Succeeded by
Richard Bateman-Robson
Hudson Gurney
Preceded by
Sir John Murray, Bt
Richard Steward
Charles Adams
Joseph Hume
Member of Parliament for Weymouth
With: Sir John Murray, Bt
John Broadhurst
Henry Trail
Succeeded by
Sir John Murray, Bt
Viscount Cranborne
Christopher Idle
Masterton Ure
Preceded by
Augustus Foster
Viscount Lowther
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
With: Viscount Lowther 1813–1816
John Lowther 1816–1818
Succeeded by
Sir John Beckett, Bt
John Lowther
Preceded by
Sir John Murray, Bt
Adolphus Dalrymple
Christopher Idle
Masterton Ure
Member of Parliament for Weymouth
With: William Williams 1818–1826
John Gordon 1826–1828
Fowell Buxton 1818–1832
Masterton Ure 1813–1832
Succeeded by
John Gordon
Fowell Buxton
Edward Sugden
Masterton Ure
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. F. J. Robinson
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
Succeeded by
Charles Grant
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Wallace