Sir Thomas Walmsley (also Walmesley and Walmisley) (1537–1612) was an English judge and politician.
He was the eldest son of Thomas Walmsley of Showley in the township of Clayton-le-dale and of Cunliffe in the township of Rishton, Lancashire, by his wife Margaret (born Livesey). He was admitted on 9 May 1559 student at Lincoln's Inn, where he was called to the bar on 15 June 1567, and elected bencher in 1574, autumn reader in 1576, Lent reader in 1577, and autumn reader again in 1580, in anticipation of his call to the degree of the coif, which, despite suspicions that he was a Catholic, took place about Michaelmas.
Rishton is a small town in the Hyndburn district of Lancashire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Clayton-le-Moors and 4 miles (6 km) north east of Blackburn. It was an urban district from about 1894 to 1974. The population at the census of 2011 was 6,625.
Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.
The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar. Lincoln's Inn is recognised to be one of the world's most prestigious professional bodies of judges and lawyers.
In 1583 Walmsley made before the Court of Common Pleas an attempt to sustain the validity of papal dispensations and other faculties issued during the reign of Mary I. He represented Lancashire in the parliament of 1588–9, and served on several committees. On 10 May 1589 he was created justice of the common pleas.
The Court of Common Pleas, or Common Bench, was a common law court in the English legal system that covered "common pleas"; actions between subject and subject, which did not concern the king. Created in the late 12th to early 13th century after splitting from the Exchequer of Pleas, the Common Pleas served as one of the central English courts for around 600 years. Authorised by Magna Carta to sit in a fixed location, the Common Pleas sat in Westminster Hall for its entire existence, joined by the Exchequer of Pleas and Court of King's Bench.
Mary I, also known as Mary Tudor, was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. She is best known for her aggressive attempt to reverse the English Reformation, which had begun during the reign of her father, Henry VIII. The executions that marked her pursuit of the restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland led to her denunciation as "Bloody Mary" by her Protestant opponents.
Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1290, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament, traditionally known as Knights of the Shire until 1832.
Walmsley early showed his independence by allowing bail in a murder case, contrary to the express injunctions of the Queen conveyed through the lord chancellor; his temerity provoked a reprimand. Southampton voted him its freedom on 6 February 1595. In 1597 he was assistant to the House of Lords in committee; he was placed on the ecclesiastical commission for Chester on 31 January 1598. He was also a member of the special commission before which Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex was arraigned at York House on 5 June 1600, and assisted the peers on his trial in Westminster Hall, 19–25 February 1601.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England. It is 69 miles (111 km) south-west of London and 15 miles (24 km) west north-west of Portsmouth. Southampton is a major port and the closest city to the New Forest. It lies at the northernmost point of Southampton Water at the confluence of the Rivers Test and Itchen, with the River Hamble joining to the south of the urban area. The city, which is a unitary authority, has an estimated population of 253,651. The city's name is sometimes abbreviated in writing to "So'ton" or "Soton", and a resident of Southampton is called a Sotonian.
Chester is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales. With a population of 118,200 in 2011, it is the most populous settlement of Cheshire West and Chester, which had a population of 332,200 in 2014. Chester was granted city status in 1541.
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG, PC, was an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599. In 1601, he led an abortive coup d'état against the government and was executed for treason.
Continued in office on the accession of James I, Walmsley was knighted at Whitehall Palace on 23 July 1603. He was a member of the special commission that tried on 15 November following the Bye Plot conspirators. In Calvin's case Walmsley again showed independence: the matter was discussed by a committee of the House of Lords, with the help of the common-law bench, Francis Bacon, and other eminent counsel, in the painted chamber on 23 February 1607, and on the following day was decided in the affirmative by ten out of the twelve judges. Of the other two, one (Sir David Williams) was absent; Walmsley alone dissented. He adhered to his opinion on the subsequent argument in the exchequer chamber (Hilary term, 1608), and induced Sir Thomas Foster to concur in it.
The Bye Plot of 1603 was a conspiracy, by Roman Catholic priests and Puritans aiming at tolerance for their respective denominations, to kidnap the new English King, James I of England. It is referred to as the "bye" plot, because at the time it was presented as a minor component of a larger plot.
Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, was an English philosopher and statesman, who served as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. His works are credited with developing the scientific method, and remained influential through the scientific revolution.
During his judicial career Walmsley rode every circuit in England, except that of Norfolk and Suffolk. He amassed a large fortune, which he invested in broad acres in his native county. His principal seat was at Dunkenhalgh, near Blackburn, to which he retired on a pension towards the end of 1611. He died on 26 November 1612.
The Dunkenhalgh is a country manor in Lancashire, on the outskirts of Clayton le Moors near the river Hyndburn. Originally a large country house in Tudor style, later converted into a hotel. It is grade II listed.
Blackburn is a town in Lancashire, England. It lies to the north of the West Pennine Moors on the southern edge of the Ribble Valley, 9 miles (14 km) east of Preston, 20.9 miles (34 km) NNW of Manchester and 9 miles (14 km) north of the Greater Manchester border. Blackburn is bounded to the south by Darwen, with which it forms the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen; Blackburn is its administrative centre. At the time of the UK Government's 2001 census, Blackburn had a population of 105,085, whilst the wider borough of Blackburn with Darwen had a population of 140,700. Blackburn had a population of 117,963 in 2011, a massive increase since 2001.
Walmsley's remains were interred in the chantry of our Lady, appendant to Dunkenhalgh manor, in the south aisle of Blackburn parish church. His monument, which was copied from that of Anne Seymour, Duchess of Somerset in St. Nicholas's Chapel, Westminster Abbey, was demolished by the insurgents at the outbreak of the First English Civil War. Another monument was erected in 1862. A full-length portrait of the judge and his lady was preserved in Dunkenhalgh House.
Anne Seymour, Duchess of Somerset was the second wife of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (c.1500–1552), who held the office of Lord Protector during the first part of the reign of their nephew King Edward VI. The Duchess was briefly the most powerful woman in England. During her husband's regency she unsuccessfully claimed precedence over the queen dowager, Catherine Parr.
The First English Civil War (1642–1646) began the series of three wars known as the English Civil War. "The English Civil War" was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations that took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, and includes the Second English Civil War (1648–1649) and the Third English Civil War (1649–1651). The wars in England were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, being fought contemporaneously with equivalents in Scotland and Ireland. Many castles and high-status homes such as Lathom House were slighted during or after the conflict.
In right of his wife Anne (died 19 April 1635), daughter and heiress of Robert Shuttleworth of Hacking, Lancashire, Walmsley held the Hacking estates, which, with his own, passed to his only son, Thomas, who thus became one of the magnates of Lancashire. He was brought up in the Roman Catholic church. He subscribed at Oxford, 1 July 1613, but did not graduate. He was entered student at Gray's Inn on 11 November 1614, and was knighted on 11 August 1617. He died at Dunkenhalgh on 12 March 1642, having married twice and leaving issue by both wives. His posterity died out in the male line in 1711; but through the marriage of the last male descendant's youngest sister, Catherine Walmesley, with Robert Petre, 7th Baron Petre, her first husband, the female line represented the peerage; by her second husband, Charles Stourton, 15th Baron Stourton, she had no issue.
Sir Matthew Hale was an influential English barrister, judge and lawyer most noted for his treatise Historia Placitorum Coronæ, or The History of the Pleas of the Crown. Born to a barrister and his wife, who had both died by the time he was 5, Hale was raised by his father's relative, a strict Puritan, and inherited his faith. In 1626 he matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, intending to become a priest, but after a series of distractions was persuaded to become a barrister like his father thanks to an encounter with a Serjeant-at-Law in a dispute over his estate. On 8 November 1628 he joined Lincoln's Inn, where he was called to the Bar on 17 May 1636. As a barrister, Hale represented a variety of Royalist figures during the prelude and duration of the English Civil War, including Thomas Wentworth and William Laud; it has been hypothesised that Hale was to represent Charles I at his state trial, and conceived the defence Charles used. Despite the Royalist loss, Hale's reputation for integrity and his political neutrality saved him from any repercussions, and under the Commonwealth of England he was made Chairman of the Hale Commission, which investigated law reform. Following the Commission's dissolution, Oliver Cromwell made him a Justice of the Common Pleas.
Sir James Whitelocke SL was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1610 and 1622.
Clayton-le-Moors is a small industrial town two miles north of Accrington in the Borough of Hyndburn in the County of Lancashire, England. It is usually referred to locally as simply 'Clayton'. The town has a population of 8,522 according to the 2011 census.
Colin Blackburn, Baron Blackburn, was a Scottish judge who sat in the English courts, became a Law Lord and is remembered as one of the greatest exponents of the common law.
Sir Thomas Richardson was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1622. He was Speaker of the House of Commons for this parliament. He was later Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and Chief Justice of the King’s Bench.
Sir Robert Dallas, PC, SL KC was an English judge, of a Scottish family.
Sir RanulphCrewe was an English judge and Chief Justice of the King’s Bench.
Sir Thomas Billing was an English judge and Chief Justice of the King’s Bench.
Sir Edward Saunders was an English judge and Chief Justice of the Queen’s Bench.
Charles Stourton, 15th Baron Stourton was the son of Charles Stourton (1669–1739), himself the third son of William Stourton, 12th Baron Stourton. Charles' mother was Katherine Frompton. Charles was the eldest of five children, with one brother and sisters; Mary (1706–1764), Jane (1708–1769) and Katherine (1710–1777).
Sir John Bernard Bosanquet KS PC was a British judge.
Sir Montague Edward Smith was a British barrister and judge who served as one of the last Justices of the Court of Common Pleas.
Sir William Jones (1566–1640) was a Welsh judge, and a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Welsh Borough of Beaumaris.
Sir Thomas Tyrrell was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659 and 1660. He fought on the Parliamentarian side in the English Civil War.
Francis Bramston or Brampston was an English judge and Baron of the Exchequer.
Sir Richard Broke or Brooke, was an English judge, who served as Chief Baron of the Exchequer.
Sir Thomas Walmsley was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1621 and 1624.
Francis Smith, 2nd Viscount Carrington, was an English peer.
Peter Warburton (1588–1666) was an English barrister and judge.
Sir John Wadham (c.1344-1412) was a Justice of the Common Pleas from 1389 to 1398, during the reign of King Richard II (1377-1399), selected by the King as an assertion of his right to rule by the advice of men appointed of his own choice, and one of the many Devonians of the period described by Thomas Fuller in his Worthies of England, as seemingly "innated with a genius to study law".