Thomas Walpole

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Thomas Walpole, 1764 engraving Thomas Walpole 1764.jpg
Thomas Walpole, 1764 engraving

Thomas Walpole (6 October 1727 – March 1803), styled from 1756 The Hon. Thomas Walpole, was a British MP and banker in Paris.

Contents

Life

Thomas Walpole was born into a political family. The second son of the 1st Baron Walpole and his wife Mary, nee Lombard, he was the nephew of Sir Robert Walpole, the prime minister from 1721 to 1742.

Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole English diplomat

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Walpole entered into partnership with the merchant Sir Joshua Vanneck, [1] and married his daughter Elizabeth Vanneck on 14 November 1753. She died on 9 June 1760. [2]

Sir Joshua Vanneck, 1st Baronet was a British-Dutch merchant.

He was MP for Sudbury from 1754 to 1761, and MP for Ashburton from 1761 to 1768. In 1762 he was involved in efforts to engineer William Pitt the Elder into a rapprochement with the Duke of Newcastle. [3] In 1768 he succeeded his cousin Horace Walpole as MP for Lynn, sitting until 1784, when he was succeeded by his nephew Horatio Walpole.

Sudbury was a parliamentary constituency which was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Ashburton was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament at Westminster, for one Parliament in 1298 and regularly from 1640 until it was abolished for the 1868 general election. It was one of three Devon borough constituencies newly enfranchised in the Long Parliament. It returned two Members of Parliament until the 1832 general election when the number was reduced to one MP.

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From 1753 to 1754 he served as a Director of the East India Company. In the early 1770s Walpole led a group of investors, including Benjamin Franklin, to seek from the crown a land grant in Ohio. [4]

East India Company 16th through 19th-century British trading company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company. It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with Mughal India and the East Indies, and later with Qing China. The company ended up seizing control over large parts of the Indian subcontinent, colonised parts of Southeast Asia, and colonised Hong Kong after a war with Qing China.

Benjamin Franklin American polymath and a Founding Father of the United States

Benjamin Franklin was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, Freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions. He founded many civic organizations, including the Library Company, Philadelphia's first fire department and the University of Pennsylvania.

Ohio State of the United States of America

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

Walpole House, Chiswick Mall Walpole House Chiswick Mall 702.JPG
Walpole House, Chiswick Mall

In 1787 he married his second wife, Jeanne-Marguerite Batailhe de Montval. [2] From 1799 until his death Walpole lived in a large house, today named Walpole House, on Chiswick Mall, Chiswick. [5]

Chiswick Riverside district of west London, England

Chiswick is a district of west London, England. It contains Hogarth's House, the former residence of the 18th-century English artist William Hogarth; Chiswick House, a neo-Palladian villa regarded as one of the finest in England; and Fuller's Brewery, London's largest and oldest brewery. In a meander of the River Thames used for competitive and recreational rowing, with several rowing clubs on the river bank, the finishing post for the Boat Race is just downstream of Chiswick Bridge.

His son Thomas (1755–1840) was British Ambassador to Munich. [6]

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References

  1. William Stanhope Taylor and John Henry Pringle, eds., Correspondence of William Pitt, John Murray, 1838, vol. 2, p. 328
  2. 1 2 Neil Jeffares, Iconographical genealogies: Walpole, Dictionary of Pastellists before 1800, Online edition, 2008
  3. George Thomas, Earl of Albemarle, Memoirs of the Marquis of Rockingham and his contemporaries, 149-151
  4. Report of the Lords commissioners for trade and plantations on the petition of the Honourable Thomas Walpole, Benjamin Franklin, John Sargent, and Samuel Wharton, esquires, and their associates for a grant of lands on the River Ohio, in North America, for the purpose of erecting a new government : with observations and remarks, 1772. B.A. Hinsdale. "The Western Land Policy of the British Government from 1763 to 1775." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. Volume I (December 1887) 207-229.
  5. 'GRAND HOUSES', chiswickhistory.org.uk
  6. "Walpole, Thomas (WLPL773T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Richard Rigby
Thomas Fonnereau
Member of Parliament for Sudbury
17541761
With: Thomas Fonnereau
Succeeded by
John Henniker
Thomas Fonnereau
Preceded by
Viscount Midleton
John Harris
Member of Parliament for Ashburton
17611768
With: John Harris 1761–1767
Robert Palk 1767–1768
Succeeded by
Charles Boone
Laurence Sulivan
Preceded by
Horace Walpole
Sir John Turner, Bt
Member of Parliament for Lynn
17681784
With: Sir John Turner, Bt 1768–1774
Crisp Molineux 1774–1784
Succeeded by
Horatio Walpole
Crisp Molineux