Thomas Walsh (archbishop of Newark)

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Thomas Joseph Walsh, Jr.
ArchbishopThomasWalsh.jpg
Walsh as the chancellor of the Diocese of Buffalo
Born(1873-12-06)December 6, 1873
DiedJune 6, 1952(1952-06-06) (aged 78)

Thomas Joseph Walsh, Jr. (December 6, 1873 June 6, 1952) was the first Roman Catholic Archbishop of Newark, New Jersey, holding the position from 1937 until his death in 1952.

Archbishop Bishop of higher rank in many Christian denominations

In Christianity, an archbishop is a bishop of higher rank or office. In some cases, such as the Lutheran Church of Sweden and the Church of England, the title is borne by the leader of the denomination. Like popes, patriarchs, metropolitans, cardinal bishops, diocesan bishops, and suffragan bishops, archbishops are in the highest of the three traditional orders of bishops, priests, and deacons. An archbishop may be granted the title or ordained as chief pastor of a metropolitan see or another episcopal see to which the title of archbishop is attached.

Newark, New Jersey City in Essex County, New Jersey, U.S.

Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County. As one of the nation's major air, shipping, and rail hubs, the city had a population of 282,090 in 2018, making it the nation's 73rd-most populous municipality, after being ranked 63rd in the nation in 2000.

Contents

Biography

Thomas Joseph Walsh, Jr. was born in Parker's Landing, Pennsylvania, the eldest son of Thomas and Helen (Curtin) Walsh. After attending public and parochial schools, he studied at St. Bonaventure's College in Allegany, New York. He was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop James Edward Quigley on January 27, 1900. [1] He then served as a curate at St. Joseph's Cathedral until the following June 25, when he became chancellor of the Diocese of Buffalo and private secretary to Bishop Quigley.

A parochial school is a private primary or secondary school affiliated with a religious organization, and whose curriculum includes general religious education in addition to secular subjects, such as science, mathematics and language arts. The word "parochial" comes from the same root as "parish", and parochial schools were originally the educational wing of the local parish church. Christian parochial schools are often called "church schools" or "Christian schools". In Ontario, parochial schools are called "separate schools".

St. Bonaventure University Catholic university in Allegany, New York, USA

St. Bonaventure University is a private Franciscan university in Allegany, New York. It has roughly 2,100 undergraduate and graduate students. The Franciscan Brothers established the university in 1858.

Allegany (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Allegany is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 8,004 at the 2010 census.

In 1907 Bishop Charles H. Colton sent him to further his studies in Rome at the Pontifical Athenaeum S. Apollinare, from where he earned a doctorate in canon law (June 19, 1907) and later a doctorate in theology (June 19, 1908). [2] Upon his return to Buffalo, he resumed his duties as diocesan chancellor and secretary to the bishop. [3] He was named rector of St. Joseph's Cathedral in 1915.

Charles H. Colton American clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church

Charles Henry Colton was an American clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Buffalo from 1903 until his death in 1915.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Pontifical Roman Athenaeum S. Apollinare is a former pontifical university in Rome, named after St. Apollinaris of Ravenna. Its facilities are now occupied by the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross.

Bishop of Trenton

On May 10, 1918, Walsh was appointed Bishop of Trenton, New Jersey, by Pope Benedict XV. He received his episcopal consecration on the following July 25 from Archbishop Giovanni Bonzano, with Bishops Dennis Joseph Dougherty and John Joseph O'Connor serving as co-consecrators. Bishop Walsh was among those, who with Christian Brother Barnabas McDonald, FSC, encouraged the Knights of Columbus to consider working with youth. To this end, in August 1922, Walsh addressed the annual meeting of the Supreme Council of the Knights of Columbus held in Atlantic City. Supreme Knight James A. Flaherty named a special committee headed by then Deputy Supreme Knight, Martin H. Carmody to study the feasibility of organizing a junior order, which in 1925 became the Columbian Squires. [4]

Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in southern New Jersey, United States. Its ecclesiastic territory includes the counties of Burlington, Monmouth, Ocean, and Mercer.

New Jersey State of the United States of America

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, making it the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states with its biggest city being Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017.

Pope Benedict XV 258th Pope of the Catholic Church

Pope Benedict XV, born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa, was head of the Catholic Church from 1914 until his death in 1922. His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I and its political, social, and humanitarian consequences in Europe.

Walsh was great advocate for Catholic education. In 1910, five sisters of the Religious Teachers Filippini were sent by Pope Pius X to work among the Italian immigrants in St. Joachim's parish in South Trenton. Walsh became a supporter of their work, and in 1918, with the help of a donation from businessman James Cox Brady, he acquired the Harvey Fisk estate "Riverside" in Ewing Township for the sisters. It became their motherhouse and novitiate. The sisters named it Villa Victoria in memory of Brady's wife, Victoria May Pery Brady. In 1933, the sisters established Villa Victoria Academy, an all-girls, private, Catholic middle and high school. [5]

The The Pontifical Institute of the Religious Teachers Filippini, known also as the Sisters of St. Lucy Filippini, or simply the Filippini Sisters, is a Catholic religious institute devoted to education. They were founded in Italy in 1692 by Saint Lucy Filippini and Cardinal Marcantonio Barbarigo. The Religious Teachers Fillippini operate schools, hospitals, orphanages, and engage in other ministries in Albania, Brazil, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Italy, Ireland, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Pope Pius X Catholic Pope and saint

Pope Pius X, born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, was head of the Catholic Church from August 1903 to his death in 1914. Pius X is known for vigorously opposing modernist interpretations of Catholic doctrine, promoting liturgical reforms and orthodox theology. He directed the production of the 1917 Code of Canon Law, the first comprehensive and systemic work of its kind.

Harvey Fisk was an American investment banker who founded Fisk & Hatch along with Alfrederick Smith Hatch.

He also dedicated the new St. James High School and Auditorium which later came to be known as Red Bank Catholic High School. [6]

Red Bank Catholic High School

Red Bank Catholic High School is a four-year private coeducational Roman Catholic high school, located in Red Bank in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States, serving students in ninth through twelfth grades, operating under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. The school is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools since 1934.

Archbishop of Newark

Following the death of Bishop O'Connor in May 1927, Walsh was named Bishop of Newark on March 2, 1928. He was installed at the, as yet unfinished, Cathedral of the Sacred Heart on the following May 1. [1] The following year, Walsh established the Newark Mount Carmel Guild to help those on public assistance. In 1930, the guild set up a soup kitchen in the basement of St. Patrick's Pro-Cathedral. [7] In 1930, Bishop Walsh acquired the "Tower Hill", the estate of Louis C. Gillespie, founder of L.C. Gillespie & Sons, importers of shellac. He invited the Religious Teachers Filippini to expand their work to the Diocese of Newark. The sisters re-located their motherhouse to Morristown and named it Villa Walsh, where they opened another girls school, Villa Walsh Academy, while continuing to operate Villa Victoria Academy in Ewing Township. [8]

In 1931, Bishop Walsh saw the opening of a new chancery building on Mulberry St. Prior to that the administration of the diocese was conducted out of offices at St. John's School. In 1933, Bishop Walsh established Saint Gertrude Cemetery in Colonia, New Jersey. [9] In 1935, Walsh attended a Eucharistic congress held in Cleveland. [2]

He raised $2 million in 25 days to build Immaculate Conception Seminary in 1936, and encouraged Seton Hall Preparatory School and Seton Hall College to receive state accreditation. Walsh was a close friend of Abbot Patrick Mary O'Brien, of St. Mary's Abbey in Morristown. [10] Upon the elevation of the Diocese of Newark to the rank of archdiocese by Pope Pius XI, Walsh was appointed its first Archbishop on December 10, 1937. [1] He received the pallium on April 27, 1938. [2] He convened a synod in 1941. In September 1947, Archbishop Walsh gave the opening convocation at the New Jersey Constitutional Convention. [11]

He died at age 78.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Most Rev. Thomas J. Walsh, S.T.D., J.C.D.", Archdiocese of Newark
  2. 1 2 3 DeLozier, Alan Bernard. "Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark", Arcadia Publishing, 2011, p. 12 ISBN   9780738576404
  3. The Bulletin, Catholic Laymen's Association of Georgia, Deceber 21, 1937
  4. "Columbian Sqires", KofC Delphos Council 1362
  5. Kull, Helen. "Ewing Then and Now: The Fisk Family and the Fisk School", Community News, August 1, 2013
  6. "RBC History", Red Bank Catholic
  7. "History", Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Newark
  8. "Religious Teachers Filippini Mark 50th Year in the U.S.", The Catholic Advocate, Vol. 9, Number 49, 1 December 1960
  9. "Saint Gertrude Cemetery & Chapel Mausoleum", Catholic Cemeteries
  10. "Abbot Patrick Mary O'Brien ", St. Mary's Abbey
  11. N.J. Constitutional Convention Vol. 1, p. 923
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
James Augustine McFaul
Bishop of Trenton
19181928
Succeeded by
John J. McMahon
Preceded by
John Joseph O'Connor
Bishop of Newark
19281937
Succeeded by
Promoted to Archbishop
Preceded by
None
Archbishop of Newark
19371952
Succeeded by
Thomas Aloysius Boland