Thomas Walter Darrah

Last updated
Thomas Darrah
111-SC-23686 - NARA - 55206982-cropped.jpg
Brig. gen. Thomas Darrah in Varennes-en-Argonne in August 1918
Born(1873-07-11)11 July 1873
Marquette, Kansas
Died21 January 1955(1955-01-21) (aged 81)
New York, New York
Buried
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service1895–1937
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier general
Service number 0-476
Commands held 55th Brigade
314th Infantry Regiment
34th Infantry Regiment
Pacific Section, Panama Canal Department
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
Philippine–American War
World War I
AwardsSilver Star commendation
Other workDeputy Director of Civilian Defense for New York State (World War II)

Thomas Walter Darrah (11 July 1873 – 21 January 1955) was a United States military officer. He participated in a number of U.S. military conflicts including the Spanish–American War, the Philippine–American War and World War I.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

Spanish–American War Conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States

The Spanish–American War was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana harbor in Cuba, leading to U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. The war led to emergence of U.S. predominance in the Caribbean region, and resulted in U.S. acquisition of Spain's Pacific possessions. That led to U.S. involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately in the Philippine–American War.

Philippine–American War Armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States

The Philippine–American War, also referred to as the Filipino–American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency, was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902. While Filipino nationalists viewed the conflict as a continuation of the struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution, the U.S. government regarded it as an insurrection. The conflict arose when the First Philippine Republic objected to the terms of the Treaty of Paris under which the United States took possession of the Philippines from Spain, ending the short Spanish–American War.

Contents

Early life and education

Darrah was born in Marquette, Kansas on 11 July 1873 [1] [2] [3] to Samuel Jones Darrah and Mary, née Temperly. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point on 1895, one of his classmates was Joe Wheeler Jr., the son of Joseph Wheeler, former Confederate cavalry general and later U.S. Army major general. [1] Later in life, Darrah also graduated from the Army School of the Line (1920), the Army Staff College (1921) and the Army War College (1923). [1] [3]

Marquette, Kansas City in Kansas, United States

Marquette is a city located in McPherson County, Kansas, United States, between K-4 and the Smoky Hill River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 641.

United States Military Academy U.S. Armys federal service academy in West Point, New York

The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy, or simply The Point, is a four-year federal service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a fort that sits on strategic high ground overlooking the Hudson River with a scenic view, 50 miles (80 km) north of New York City. It is one of the five U.S. service academies.

Joseph Wheeler Confederate Army general

Joseph "Fighting Joe" Wheeler was an American military commander and politician. He is known for having served both as a cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860s during the American Civil War, and then as a general in the United States Army during both the Spanish–American War and Philippine–American War near the turn of the twentieth century. For much of the Civil War he served as the senior cavalry general in the Army of Tennessee and fought in most of its battles in the Western Theater.

Military career

In 1895, Darrah was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army. He took part in the Spanish–American War, serving as a member of the sanitary corps in Cuba, and then in the subsequent Philippine–American War, during the Moro Rebellion from 1903–1905. Darrah was also a member of the U.S. Army's Subsistence Department from 1901–1905. After his service in the Philippines, Darrah returned to West Point where he taught chemistry from 1907–1911. When the U.S. entered World War I in 1917, Darrah was senior instructor at the Officers' Training Camp at Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indianapolis. He was promoted to Colonel of Infantry in the National Army and sent to Fort Meade in Maryland to command the 314th Infantry until 1918. On 12 April 1918, Darrah was promoted to Brigadier General and went to France. There he commanded the 55th Brigade and took part in major battles, including the Second Battle of the Marne and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. [1] [2] [3]

Moro Rebellion

The Moro Rebellion (1899–1913) was an armed conflict between the Moro people and the United States military during the Philippine–American War.

American entry into World War I The entry of the United States into World War I

The American entry into World War I came in April 1917, after more than two and a half years of efforts by President Woodrow Wilson to keep the United States out of the war.

Fort Benjamin Harrison Former US Army post in Indianapolis, IN, US 1906-1991

Fort Benjamin Harrison was a U.S. Army post located in suburban Lawrence Township, Marion County, Indiana, northeast of Indianapolis between 1906 and 1991. It is named for the 23rd United States President, Benjamin Harrison.

After the war, Darrah attended office training schools and then served in various chief-of-staff and command positions. He was Chief of Staff for the Fourth Corps Area from 1924–1926 and then returned to Fort Meade to commanded the 34th Infantry from 1926–1928. Darrah returned to the position of Chief of Staff, this time of the Third Corps Area, until 1931 and then from 1932–1934 he commanded the Pacific Section of the Panama Canal Department. [1] [3] Darrah finally retired in 1937 and returned to his home in New York City. [1]

The 34th Infantry Regiment is a Regular Army infantry regiment of the United States Army. It saw combat in World War I, in the Pacific Theater of Operations in World War II, and was the first full American regiment deployed in combat in the Korean War. The 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 34th are now basic training formations attached to the 165th Infantry Brigade at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.

Panama Canal Department

The Panama Canal Department was a department of the United States Army, responsible for the defense of the Panama Canal Zone between 1917 and 1947.

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Darrah was awarded with two Silver Star commendations for "gallantry in action" during his services in Santiago, Cuba and Legaspi, Luzon in the Philippines. [1] [3]

Later career

Although retired from the military, during World War II Darrah served as New York State's Deputy Director of Civilian Defense. [1]

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

Personal life and death

In 1899, Darrah married Rose Wood, they had two daughters: Marion Maxwell and Jean West. [1] [3] He died on 21 January 1955 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. [1] [3]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Davis, Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press. pp. 95–96. ISBN   1-57197-088-6.
  2. 1 2 Cullom, George W. (1920). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, N. Y.: From Its Establishment, in 1802, to 1890; with the Early History of the United States Military Academy. Volume 6. Saginaw, Michigan: Seemann & Peters. p. 727. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Inc, ed.: Marquis Who's Who, (1975). Who was who in American history, the military (76 bicentennial ed.). Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. p. 124. ISBN   0-8379-3201-7.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)