Brig. gen. Thomas Darrah in Varennes-en-Argonne in August 1918
|Born||11 July 1873|
|Died||21 January 1955 81) (aged|
New York, New York
|Years of service||1895–1937|
|Commands held|| 55th Brigade |
314th Infantry Regiment
34th Infantry Regiment
Pacific Section, Panama Canal Department
|Battles/wars|| Spanish–American War |
World War I
|Awards||Silver Star commendation|
|Other work||Deputy Director of Civilian Defense for New York State (World War II)|
Thomas Walter Darrah (11 July 1873 – 21 January 1955) was a United States military officer. He participated in a number of U.S. military conflicts including the Spanish–American War, the Philippine–American War and World War I.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.
The Spanish–American War was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana harbor in Cuba, leading to U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. The war led to emergence of U.S. predominance in the Caribbean region, and resulted in U.S. acquisition of Spain's Pacific possessions. That led to U.S. involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately in the Philippine–American War.
The Philippine–American War, also referred to as the Filipino–American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency, was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902. While Filipino nationalists viewed the conflict as a continuation of the struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution, the U.S. government regarded it as an insurrection. The conflict arose when the First Philippine Republic objected to the terms of the Treaty of Paris under which the United States took possession of the Philippines from Spain, ending the short Spanish–American War.
Darrah was born in Marquette, Kansas on 11 July 1873to Samuel Jones Darrah and Mary, née Temperly. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point on 1895, one of his classmates was Joe Wheeler Jr., the son of Joseph Wheeler, former Confederate cavalry general and later U.S. Army major general. Later in life, Darrah also graduated from the Army School of the Line (1920), the Army Staff College (1921) and the Army War College (1923).
Marquette is a city located in McPherson County, Kansas, United States, between K-4 and the Smoky Hill River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 641.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy, or simply The Point, is a four-year federal service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a fort that sits on strategic high ground overlooking the Hudson River with a scenic view, 50 miles (80 km) north of New York City. It is one of the five U.S. service academies.
Joseph "Fighting Joe" Wheeler was an American military commander and politician. He is known for having served both as a cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860s during the American Civil War, and then as a general in the United States Army during both the Spanish–American War and Philippine–American War near the turn of the twentieth century. For much of the Civil War he served as the senior cavalry general in the Army of Tennessee and fought in most of its battles in the Western Theater.
In 1895, Darrah was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army. He took part in the Spanish–American War, serving as a member of the sanitary corps in Cuba, and then in the subsequent Philippine–American War, during the Moro Rebellion from 1903–1905. Darrah was also a member of the U.S. Army's Subsistence Department from 1901–1905. After his service in the Philippines, Darrah returned to West Point where he taught chemistry from 1907–1911. When the U.S. entered World War I in 1917, Darrah was senior instructor at the Officers' Training Camp at Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indianapolis. He was promoted to Colonel of Infantry in the National Army and sent to Fort Meade in Maryland to command the 314th Infantry until 1918. On 12 April 1918, Darrah was promoted to Brigadier General and went to France. There he commanded the 55th Brigade and took part in major battles, including the Second Battle of the Marne and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
The Moro Rebellion (1899–1913) was an armed conflict between the Moro people and the United States military during the Philippine–American War.
The American entry into World War I came in April 1917, after more than two and a half years of efforts by President Woodrow Wilson to keep the United States out of the war.
Fort Benjamin Harrison was a U.S. Army post located in suburban Lawrence Township, Marion County, Indiana, northeast of Indianapolis between 1906 and 1991. It is named for the 23rd United States President, Benjamin Harrison.
After the war, Darrah attended office training schools and then served in various chief-of-staff and command positions. He was Chief of Staff for the Fourth Corps Area from 1924–1926 and then returned to Fort Meade to commanded the 34th Infantry from 1926–1928. Darrah returned to the position of Chief of Staff, this time of the Third Corps Area, until 1931 and then from 1932–1934 he commanded the Pacific Section of the Panama Canal Department.Darrah finally retired in 1937 and returned to his home in New York City.
The 34th Infantry Regiment is a Regular Army infantry regiment of the United States Army. It saw combat in World War I, in the Pacific Theater of Operations in World War II, and was the first full American regiment deployed in combat in the Korean War. The 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 34th are now basic training formations attached to the 165th Infantry Brigade at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.
The Panama Canal Department was a department of the United States Army, responsible for the defense of the Panama Canal Zone between 1917 and 1947.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Darrah was awarded with two Silver Star commendations for "gallantry in action" during his services in Santiago, Cuba and Legaspi, Luzon in the Philippines.
Although retired from the military, during World War II Darrah served as New York State's Deputy Director of Civilian Defense.
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.
In 1899, Darrah married Rose Wood, they had two daughters: Marion Maxwell and Jean West.He died on 21 January 1955 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
George Grunert was a United States Army cavalry officer who worked his way up through the ranks from private to retirement as a Lieutenant General. His 47-year career extended from the Spanish–American War to the end of World War II.
Major General Stuart Heintzelman was an American soldier. He was a grandson of Civil War general Samuel P. Heintzelman.
General Joseph Lawton Collins was a senior United States Army officer. During World War II, he served in both the Pacific and European Theaters of Operations, one of a few senior American commanders to do so. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the Korean War.
Edward Leonard King was an American football player and coach and officer in the United States Army. He played college football as the halfback at the United States Military Academy from 1894 to 1895 and served as the head coach of the Army football team in 1903. King was a career military officer who served in the Spanish–American War and World War I. He was the Commandant of the United States Army Command and General Staff College from 1925 to 1929 and attained the rank of Major General.
Major General Roscoe Barnett Woodruff was a career United States Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II and served for 38 years. During World War II he commanded numerous divisions and corps in Europe and the Pacific.
Major General Gilbert R. Cook was a senior United States Army officer. He had a thirty-six-year military career and served in both World War I and World War II. During World War I he served in France and Germany, and commanded the 104th Infantry Division, and the XII Corps during World War II.
Claire Elwood Hutchin Jr. was a highly decorated lieutenant general in the United States Army. He received two Distinguished Service Crosses during the Korean War. He later commanded the 4th Infantry Division and First United States Army.
Stanley Hamer Ford was a United States Army General. He was prominent as commander of the Philippine Department, 1st Infantry Division, VII Corps, VI Corps, and the Second United States Army.
Lieutenant General William Henry Harrison Morris Jr. was a senior United States Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
William Weigel was an American general, known for commanding the 88th Division in World War I.
Major General George Windle Read was a senior United States Army officer who was prominent as a corps and division commander in World War I. Read also oversaw the departure of US forces from Europe at the end of the war as commander of the American Embarkation Center at Le Havre, France.
Charles Hartwell Bonesteel Jr. was a Major General in the United States Army. He commanded the United States Army Infantry School and the G-1 (personnel) staff section of Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force during World War II. He was the father of General Charles H. Bonesteel III.
George Hamilton Cameron was a Major General in the United States Army.
John Bradbury Bennet was an American army officer and brigadier general active during World War I.
Beaumont Bonaparte Buck was an American general who served in the Spanish–American War, the Philippine–American War, and World War I. He is best known for his service to the 1st Infantry Division of the United States Army.
Major General Robert L. Spragins was a senior United States Army officer. He was notable for his command of the 71st and 44th Infantry Divisions in World War II.
Dana T. Merrill was a career officer in the United States Army. A veteran of the Spanish–American War and World War I, Merrill attained the rank of brigadier general, and was most notable as the World War I chief of staff for the 37th Division, and the commander of the 10th Infantry Regiment, three infantry brigades, and two corps areas.
Frank Kerby Fergusson was a United States Army officer in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He served in World War I and received the Distinguished Service Medal.
Harold Benjamin Fiske was a highly decorated United States Army officer with the rank of Major General. A veteran of several conflicts, he distinguished himself during the Philippine–American War at the beginning of 20th century and later during the World War I as Chief, Training Section (G-5) of the American Expeditionary Force.
William Johnston Jr. was an American military officer who served with distinction in the Philippine-American War and the First World War.