Thomas Walton Mellor

Last updated

Thomas Walton Mellor (3 October 1814 – 17 February 1902) was a British cotton manufacturer and Conservative politician.

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. Presently led by Theresa May, it has been the governing party since 2010. It presently has 314 Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, 249 members of the House of Lords, and 18 members of the European Parliament. It also has 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 12 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 9,008 local councillors. One of the major parties of UK politics, it has formed the government on 45 occasions, more than any other party.


Early years

Thomas was the third son of Thomas Mellor of Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, and his wife Mary Walton of Stalybridge, Cheshire. He was christened on 30 October 1814 at the parish church of St Michael Ashton-under-Lyne.

Ashton-under-Lyne market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England

Ashton-under-Lyne is a market town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. The population was 45,198 at the 2011 census. Historically in Lancashire, it is on the north bank of the River Tame, in the foothills of the Pennines, 6.2 miles (10.0 km) east of Manchester.

Stalybridge town in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside in Greater Manchester, England

Stalybridge is a town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 23,731 at the 2011 Census. Historically a part of Cheshire, it is 8 miles (12.9 km) east of Manchester city centre and 6 miles (9.7 km) north-west of Glossop.


He became a major "cotton master" in Ashton, and led the opposition to the costs of the town obtaining a charter of incorporation as a municipal borough in 1847. [1] He was a magistrate for the borough of Ashton and the counties palatine of Chester and Lancaster. [2]

Municipal boroughs were a type of local government district which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974, in Northern Ireland from 1840 to 1973 and in the Republic of Ireland from 1840 to 2002. Broadly similar structures existed in Scotland from 1833 to 1975 with the reform of royal burghs and creation of police burghs.

Chester city in Cheshire, England

Chester is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales. With a population of 118,200 in 2011, it is the most populous settlement of Cheshire West and Chester, which had a population of 332,200 in 2014. Chester was granted city status in 1541.

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

In 1868 Mellor was elected as member of parliament for Ashton-under-Lyne, describing himself as "a Conservative with Liberal tendencies". [2] He stood down from parliament in 1880.

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

Ashton-under-Lyne (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Ashton-under-Lyne is a constituency centred on the town of Ashton-under-Lyne that is represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Angela Rayner of the Labour Party, who has served as Shadow Secretary of State for Education since 1 July 2016 and Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities since 27 June 2016. It is considered a safe seat for Labour; in the most recent six national elections its voters have given strong majorities to the Labour Party candidate.

Family life

He married Jane Leigh of Compsall Bridge in 1849 and they had a son, John Edward. [2]


Mellor died at Ashton-under-Lyne 17 February 1902. [3]

Related Research Articles

Frederick Smith, 2nd Viscount Hambleden British politician

William Frederick Danvers Smith, 2nd Viscount Hambleden, known as Frederick Smith, was an English hereditary peer, businessman and politician.

South East Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. The constituency was created by the Reform act of 1867 by the splitting of the South Lancashire constituency into South-West and South-East divisions.

North East Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The constituency was created by the Reform Act of 1867 and replaced the North Lancashire Parliamentary constituency, a county division with two seats.

The Ashton-under-Lyne by-election, 1920 was a by-election held on 31 January 1920 for the British House of Commons constituency of Ashton-under-Lyne.

The Ashton-under-Lyne by-election, 1916 was a by-election held on 23 December 1916 for the British House of Commons constituency of Ashton-under-Lyne.

Hugh Mason English mill owner, social reformer and Liberal politician

Hugh Mason was an English mill owner, social reformer and Liberal politician. He was born in Stalybridge and brought up in Stalybridge and Ashton-under-Lyne until he entered the family cotton business in 1838 after a seven-year period working in a bank. Having originally opposed trade unions, Mason became a paternalistic mill owner, creating a colony for his workers with associated facilities and ensuring that they experienced good conditions. During the Lancashire Cotton Famine of the 1860s he refused to cut workers' wages although it was common practice.

John James Mellor British politician

Colonel John James Mellor was a British industrialist and Conservative politician.

Jacob Bright British politician

Jacob Bright was a British Liberal politician.

Octavius Vaughan Morgan was a Welsh-born Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1892.

William Romaine Callender (junior) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.

James Sidebottom was a British businessman and Conservative Party politician.

Waterside Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne

Waterside Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne was a combined cotton spinning weaving mill in Whitelands, Ashton-under-Lyne, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom. It was built as two independent factories. The weaving sheds date from 1857; the four-storey spinning mill dates from 1863. The spinning was taken over by the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in the 1930s. Production finished in the 1950s. Waterside Mill was converted to electricity around 1911.

James Mawdsley (trade unionist) British trade unionist

James Mawdsley was an English trade unionist. Alongside Winston Churchill, he stood as a Conservative Party candidate in the double Oldham by-election of 1899. He was born in Preston, Lancashire, to cotton spinner James Mawdsley and his wife, Jane.

William Cotton (Lord Mayor) English merchant and Conservative Party politician

Sir William James Richmond Cotton was an English merchant and Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1874 to 1885.

Lewis Ebenezer Tatham Wright, Baron Wright of Ashton-under-Lyne, CBE was an English politician whose career was strongly connected with the textile industry in Lancashire in North West England. He was also President of the Trades Union Congress.

William Whitworth was a British cotton manufacturer and politician. He was a Liberal Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and represented the constituency of Newry, Ireland from 1874–80.

Thomas Ashton was a British trade union leader.


Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

  1. Anthony Howe, The Cotton Masters 1830–1860, Oxford, 1984
  2. 1 2 3 Our New Members of Parliament, The Times, 5 December 1868, p.7
  3. "Obituary". The Times (36694). London. 18 February 1902. p. 10.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Milner Gibson
Member of Parliament for Ashton-under-Lyne
1868 1880
Succeeded by
Hugh Mason