Thomas Warmestry

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Thomas Warmestry (1610 – 30 October 1665) was Dean of Worcester from 1661 until his death. [1]

Dean of Worcester

The Dean of Worcester is the head of the Chapter of Worcester Cathedral in Worcester, England. The current Dean is Peter Atkinson, who lives at The Deanery, College Green, Worcester.

Warmestry was born in Worcester in 1610, [2] the son of William Warmestry and younger brother of the poet Gervase Warmestry, into an ancient Worcester family. Gervase succeeded William as registrar of the Diocese of Worcester, a post which had been in the Warmestry family since 1544. [3]

Anglican Diocese of Worcester Diocese of the Anglican Church

The Diocese of Worcester forms part of the Church of England (Anglican) Province of Canterbury in England.

Thomas Warmestry was educated at the King's School, Worcester [4] and at Oxford (matriculated at Christ Church in 1628 aged 18, and graduated B.A. at Brasenose College in 1628, M.A. at Christ Church in 1631, D.D. 1642 [5] ).

Kings School, Worcester Independent day school in Worcester, Worcestershire, England

The King's School, Worcester is an English independent school refounded by Henry VIII in 1541. It occupies a site adjacent to Worcester Cathedral on the banks of the River Severn in the centre of the city of Worcester. It offers mixed-sex mainstream education that follows the UK National Curriculum to around 1,465 pupils aged 2 to 18. At age 11, approximately two thirds of pupils join the senior school from its two junior schools, King's Hawford and King's St Albans, while others come from maintained schools in the city of Worcester and the surrounding areas that include Malvern, Redditch, Kidderminster, Evesham and Pershore.

Christ Church, Oxford Constituent college of the University of Oxford in England

Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

On 13 April 1635 he was instituted rector of Whitchurch, Warwickshire, and he was clerk for the diocese of Worcester in both convocations of the clergy held in 1640. [2] His speech to Convocation in November 1640 expressed reservations regarding the new Laudian canons and church imagery: he declared that worship should be "directed to the right object; not to altars, not to images, but to God". [6] Warmestry was a moderate Anglican, who desired that Anglican episcopal government "may be fatherly, not despotical, much less tyrannical". [7]

Whitchurch is a small hamlet lying on the left bank of the River Stour in Warwickshire, England, some four miles south-south-east of the town of Stratford-upon-Avon. The population at the 2011 census was 174.

Laudianism was an early seventeenth-century reform movement within the Church of England, promulgated by Archbishop William Laud and his supporters. It rejected the predestination upheld by the previously dominant Calvinism in favour of free will, and hence the possibility of salvation for all men. It is probably best known for its impact on the Anglican High Church movement and its emphasis on liturgical ceremony and clerical hierarchy. Laudianism was the culmination of the move towards Arminianism in the Church of England, but was neither purely theological in nature, nor restricted to the English church.

In 1646 he was appointed by the city of Worcester to treat with the parliamentary army respecting the city's surrender. Afterwards he joined King Charles I at Oxford, when he was deprived of his church preferment. Later he removed to London, where he acted as almoner and confessor to royalist sufferers. In May 1653 he compounded for his lands at Paxford in the parish of Blockley in Worcestershire, and the sequestration was removed. In September of the same year he, with Thomas Good, met and conferred with Richard Baxter at Cleobury Mortimer in Shropshire as to the advisability of the clergy of Shropshire joining the Worcestershire association; Warmestry professed his ‘very good liking’ of the design, and signed a paper to that effect on 20 September 1653. He does not, however, seem to have had any real sympathy with Baxter, who complained that after he was silenced Warmestry, when dean of Worcester, went purposely to Baxter's ‘flock’ and preached ‘vehement, tedious invectives.’ He held for a time the post of lecturer at St Margaret's, Westminster, for his removal from which the parliament petitioned Oliver Cromwell, on 23 June 1657, on account of his delinquency.

Charles I of England 17th-century monarch of kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Charles I was the monarch over the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution.

Blockley village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, UK

Blockley is a village, civil parish and ecclesiastical parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) northwest of Moreton-in-Marsh. Until 1931 Blockley was an exclave of Worcestershire.

Thomas Good was an English academic and clergyman, and Master of Balliol College, Oxford. He is known as a moderate in and orthodox apologist for the Church of England, engaging with Richard Baxter and urging him to clarify a 'middle way'.

While residing in Chelsea, at the house of Lady Laurence, Warmestry was involved in the conversion to Christianity of Rigep Dandulo, a Muslim from Chios. Dandulo was baptised by Peter Gunning in 1657. [8] Warmestry's account of the conversion, The Baptized Turk (1658), includes a description and analysis of a dream experienced by Dandulo. [9]

Chelsea, London area of central London, England, historically in the county of Middlesex.

Chelsea is an affluent area of South West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its river frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour. Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square Underground station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is considered that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

Chios Place in Greece

Chios is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the northern Aegean Sea. The island is separated from Turkey by the Chios Strait. Chios is notable for its exports of mastic gum and its nickname is "the Mastic Island". Tourist attractions include its medieval villages and the 11th-century monastery of Nea Moni, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Peter Gunning British bishop

Peter Gunning was an English Royalist church leader, Bishop of Chichester and Bishop of Ely.

At the Restoration Warmestry petitioned, in view of his losses during the Civil War and his loyalty to the royalist cause, to be appointed Master of the Savoy, a position to which Gilbert Sheldon was instead appointed. [10] However, he did gain the following livings:

As Dean of Worcester, Warmestry experienced difficulties regarding the installation of the great organ in the cathedral. After he complained about organ-builder William Hathaway's workmanship in May 1665, on 5 August Robert Skinner (Bishop of Worcester) wrote to Gilbert Sheldon (Archbishop of Canterbury) that Hathaway and consultant Christopher Gibbons were taking advantage of the Dean's "utter ignorance in re musica": [13] the Dean was "ὄνος πρὸς λύραν [an ass to the lyre], had no more skill in an organ than a beast that hath no understanding." [14]

He died on 30 October 1665, and was buried in Worcester Cathedral.

Published Works

He published:

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  1. 1 2 Horn, Joyce M. (ed.). "Deans of Worcester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857. 7. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  2. 1 2 Porter, Bertha (1899). "Warmestry, Thomas"  . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 59. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. Porter, Bertha (1899). "Warmestry, Gervase"  . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 59. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  4. Craze, Michael (1972). King's School, Worcester, 1541–1971. Worcester: Ebenezer Baylis & Son. pp. 66–67.
  5. Foster, Joseph (1891). Alumni Oxonienses: Warmstrey, Thomas. p. 1573. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  6. Aston, Margaret (2016). Broken Idols of the English Reformation. Cambridge University Press. p. 103. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  7. Lim, Paul Chang-Ha (2004). In Pursuit of Purity, Unity, and Liberty: Richard Baxter's Puritan Ecclesiology in its Seventeenth-Century Context. Brill. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  8. Granger, James (1824). A Biographical History of England, from Egbert the Great to the Revolution. 4 (5th ed.). London: William Baynes & Son. pp. 108–109. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  9. Shinn, Abigail (January 2017). "Dreaming Converts in the Seventeenth Century: The Case of Philip Dandulo and Thomas Warmstry's The Baptized Turk". Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies. 17(1): 97–119. doi:10.1353/jem.2017.0001.
  10. Loftie, William John (1878). Memorials of the Savoy. London: Macmillan and Co. p. 145. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  11. Horn, Joyce M. (ed.). "Canons of Gloucester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857. 8. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  12. Cotton, William A. (1881). "The Vicars of Bromsgrove". Bromsgrove Church: Its History & Antiquities. p. 118. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  13. Harley, John (1999). "utter+ignorance+in+re+musica" Orlando Gibbons and the Gibbons Family of Musicians . Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  14. Bodleian Library, MS Tanner 45, fol. 19

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Porter, Bertha (1899). "Warmestry, Thomas". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 59. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Church of England titles
Preceded by
John Oliver
Dean of Worcester
Succeeded by
William Thomas