Thomas Warr Attwood

Last updated

Thomas Warr Attwood (c.1733 15 November 1775) [1] was an English builder, architect and local politician in Bath.

Architect person trained to plan and design buildings, and oversee their construction

An architect is a person who plans, designs and reviews the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their principal purpose. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, i.e., chief builder.

Bath, Somerset City in Somerset, England

Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths. In 2011, the population was 88,859. Bath is in the valley of the River Avon, 97 miles (156 km) west of London and 11 miles (18 km) south-east of Bristol. The city became a World Heritage site in 1987.



He was a member of a prominent local family and a member of the city Council from 1760. Although he held no formal appointment, he acted as city surveyor and architect. He was able to use his position to obtain contracts and building concessions on council-owned land indeed, he was Mayor of Bath in 1769 when the council adopted his proposal to build a new gaol, and this caused controversy in the city.

Much of the controversy surrounding him is justified since he was a plumber, [2] but because of his political connections he was routinely appointed as the architect, surveyor, and city planner for all of the Corporation of Bath's civic projects, including the new gaol, which he designed and built between 1772 and 1774. All of his designs were almost certainly executed by his assistants, but he received both the credit, payment, and future commissions at a time when late 18th-century Bath was host and birthplace to some of the greatest architects in the kingdom.


He was killed by the collapse of a derelict building which he was inspecting on the site of the proposed new Guildhall. His assistant Thomas Baldwin was appointed City Architect and City Surveyor.

Thomas Baldwin was an English surveyor and architect in the city of Bath.

The prominent post of Bath City Architect and Surveyor was bestowed by the Corporation of Bath, Somerset, England, on an architect who would be repeatedly chosen for civic projects. The posts were often bestowed separately with surveyor being the first appointment. Surveyors such as Lowder never shared the title with that of City Architect.

Attwood's pedestal monument is in the churchyard at Weston. South of the church of All Saints, Weston, it was designed by Baldwin and features an example of 18th-century cast-iron railings. [1]

List of works

The Paragon, Bath Grade I listed street in Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom

The Paragon in the Walcot area of Bath, Somerset, England is a street of Georgian houses which have been designated as listed buildings. It was designed by Thomas Warr Attwood. It now forms part of the A4.


Bathwick is an electoral ward in the City of Bath, England, on the opposite bank of the River Avon to the historic city centre.

Guildhall, Bath Grade I listed seat of local government in Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom

The Guildhall in Bath, Somerset, England was built between 1775 and 1778 by Thomas Baldwin to designs by Thomas Warr Attwood. It was extended by John McKean Brydon in 1893. It has been designated as a Grade I listed building.

Related Research Articles

Robert Mylne (architect) Scottish architect and civil engineer

Robert Mylne was a Scottish architect and civil engineer, particularly remembered for his design for Blackfriars Bridge in London. Born and raised in Edinburgh, he travelled to Europe as a young man, studying architecture in Rome under Piranesi. In 1758 he became the first Briton to win the triennial architecture competition at the Accademia di San Luca, which made his name known in London, and won him the rivalry of fellow Scot Robert Adam.

Pulteney Bridge Grade I listed bridge in Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom

Pulteney Bridge crosses the River Avon in Bath, England. It was completed by 1774, and connected the city with the land of the Pulteney family which they wished to develop. Designed by Robert Adam in a Palladian style, it is exceptional in having shops built across its full span on both sides. It has been designated as a Grade I listed building.

The year 1768 in architecture involved some significant events.

George Dance the Younger English architect, surveyor and a portraitist

George Dancethe younger, RA was an English architect and surveyor as well as a portraitist.

Thomas Fuller (architect) architect

Thomas Fuller was a Canadian architect. From 1881 to 1896, he was Chief Dominion Architect for the Government of Canada, during which time he played a role in the design and construction of every major federal building.

Henry Edmund Goodridge was an English architect based in Bath. He worked from the early 1820s until the 1850s, using Classical, Italianate and Gothic styles.

Sir William Pulteney, 5th Baronet Scottish advocate, landowner and politician

Sir William Pulteney, 5th Baronet, known as William Johnstone until 1767, was a Scottish advocate, landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1768 and 1805. He was reputedly the wealthiest man in Great Britain. He invested in lands in North America, and in developments in Great Britain, including the Pulteney Bridge and other buildings in Bath, buildings on the sea-front at Weymouth in Dorset, and roads in his native Scotland.

John Pinch the elder was an architect working mainly in the city of Bath, England. He was surveyor to the Pulteney and Darlington estate and responsible for many of the later Georgian buildings in Bath, especially in Bathwick. His son, John Pinch the younger, was also an architect and surveyor to the Pulteney and Darlington estate. His daughter, Celia Pinch, married the silversmith William Holme Twentyman on Mauritius.

Charles Harcourt Masters was an English surveyor and architect in Bath.

All Saints Church, Weston church in Bath and North East Somerset, UK

All Saints' Church is a Church of England parish church which has been located on a hill at the centre of Weston, a small village on the outskirts of Bath, England, for over eight hundred years. The current Gothic church was designed by architect John Pinch the Elder and completed in 1832, although it retains the 15th-century tower of its predecessor, All Hallows Church.

Grand Pump Room, Bath Grade I listed building in Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom

The Grand Pump Room is a historic building in the Abbey Church Yard, Bath, Somerset, England. It is adjacent to the Roman Baths and serves refreshments including water from the baths' hot springs. It has been designated as a Grade I listed building since 1950. Along with the Lower Assembly Rooms, it formed a complex where social activity was centred, and where visitors to the city gathered.

John Pinch the younger (1796–1849) was an architect, working mainly in the city of Bath, England, and surveyor to the Pulteney and Darlington estate. He was the son of John Pinch the elder, also an architect and surveyor to the estate.

Timeline of Bath, Somerset

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Bath, Somerset, England.

Smallcombe Cemetery

Smallcombe Cemetery is situated on the edge of Bath, Somerset, England, in a valley between Widcombe Hill and Bathwick Hill. The cemetery consists of two distinct parts, the Anglican section known as St Mary's Churchyard and the non-conformist section known as Smallcombe Vale cemetery. They are sometimes known together as Smallcombe Garden cemetery. The two cemeteries have been closed to new burials since 1988 and they are maintained by Bath and North East Somerset Council. The Bath Corporation assumed responsibility for both cemeteries in 1947. In 1977 the caretakers lodge, described as The Lodge, Bathwick Cemetery, BA2 6DD, was sold for £800 without water or drainage.

John Young (architect) English architect and surveyor

John Young was an English architect and surveyor whose career spanned the grace of the Regency period and the pragmatism of the Industrial Revolution. While based primarily in the City of London, his practice, John Young & Son, Architects, was both eclectic and wide-ranging in South East England. He is particularly noted for his creative use of polychromatic brickwork whether in industrial, civic or residential contexts.

Bath College was an English public school in Bath, Somerset, in existence from 1878 to 1909. It was founded by Thomas William Dunn (1837–1930), previously an assistant master at Clifton College, who was headmaster from 1878 to 1897.


  1. 1 2 "THOMAS WARR ATTWOOD TOMB IN CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS CHURCHYARD - 1394661". Historic England. 2010-10-15. Retrieved 2016-04-26. Tomb of Thomas Warr Attwood (d.1775). By Thomas Baldwin. ... Attwood was a prosperous plumber and glazier, who served as architect to the Corporation: he was accidentally killed while surveying the old market. The tomb is designed by his clerk, Thomas Baldwin, who became one of the key architects of late C18 Bath. No 301 on the churchyard plan.
  2. Green, M.A. (1904). The Eighteenth Century Architecture of Bath. G. Gregory. p. 225-IA155. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
  3. Guides, I. (2014). Insight Guides: Great Breaks Bath. Insight Great Breaks (in Estonian). APA. p. 53. ISBN   978-1-78005-775-0 . Retrieved 2016-08-16.
  4. Olcayto, Rory (2016-06-23). "Between the cracks: Stillpoint by Piers Taylor". Architects Journal. Retrieved 2016-08-16.

Furthern reading

Preceded by
Bath City Architect
Succeeded by
Thomas Baldwin
Preceded by
Bath City Surveyor
Succeeded by
Thomas Baldwin