Thomas Warr Attwood

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Thomas Warr Attwood (c.1733 15 November 1775) [1] was an English builder, architect and local politician in Bath.

Architect person trained to plan and design buildings, and oversee their construction

An architect is a person who plans, designs and reviews the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their principal purpose. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, i.e., chief builder.

Bath, Somerset City in Somerset, England

Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths. In 2011, the population was 88,859. Bath is in the valley of the River Avon, 97 miles (156 km) west of London and 11 miles (18 km) south-east of Bristol. The city became a World Heritage site in 1987.

Contents

Life

He was a member of a prominent local family and a member of the city Council from 1760. Although he held no formal appointment, he acted as city surveyor and architect. He was able to use his position to obtain contracts and building concessions on council-owned land indeed, he was Mayor of Bath in 1769 when the council adopted his proposal to build a new gaol, and this caused controversy in the city.

Much of the controversy surrounding him is justified since he was a plumber, [2] but because of his political connections he was routinely appointed as the architect, surveyor, and city planner for all of the Corporation of Bath's civic projects, including the new gaol, which he designed and built between 1772 and 1774. All of his designs were almost certainly executed by his assistants, but he received both the credit, payment, and future commissions at a time when late 18th-century Bath was host and birthplace to some of the greatest architects in the kingdom.

Death

He was killed by the collapse of a derelict building which he was inspecting on the site of the proposed new Guildhall. His assistant Thomas Baldwin was appointed City Architect and City Surveyor.

Thomas Baldwin was an English surveyor and architect in the city of Bath.

The prominent post of Bath City Architect and Surveyor was bestowed by the Corporation of Bath, Somerset, England, on an architect who would be repeatedly chosen for civic projects. The posts were often bestowed separately with surveyor being the first appointment. Surveyors such as Lowder never shared the title with that of City Architect.

Attwood's pedestal monument is in the churchyard at Weston. South of the church of All Saints, Weston, it was designed by Baldwin and features an example of 18th-century cast-iron railings. [1]

List of works

The Paragon, Bath Grade I listed street in Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom

The Paragon in the Walcot area of Bath, Somerset, England is a street of Georgian houses which have been designated as listed buildings. It was designed by Thomas Warr Attwood. It now forms part of the A4.

Bathwick

Bathwick is an electoral ward in the City of Bath, England, on the opposite bank of the River Avon to the historic city centre.

Guildhall, Bath Grade I listed seat of local government in Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom

The Guildhall in Bath, Somerset, England was built between 1775 and 1778 by Thomas Baldwin to designs by Thomas Warr Attwood. It was extended by John McKean Brydon in 1893. It has been designated as a Grade I listed building.

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References

  1. 1 2 "THOMAS WARR ATTWOOD TOMB IN CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS CHURCHYARD - 1394661". Historic England. 2010-10-15. Retrieved 2016-04-26. Tomb of Thomas Warr Attwood (d.1775). By Thomas Baldwin. ... Attwood was a prosperous plumber and glazier, who served as architect to the Corporation: he was accidentally killed while surveying the old market. The tomb is designed by his clerk, Thomas Baldwin, who became one of the key architects of late C18 Bath. No 301 on the churchyard plan.
  2. Green, M.A. (1904). The Eighteenth Century Architecture of Bath. G. Gregory. p. 225-IA155. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
  3. Guides, I. (2014). Insight Guides: Great Breaks Bath. Insight Great Breaks (in Estonian). APA. p. 53. ISBN   978-1-78005-775-0 . Retrieved 2016-08-16.
  4. Olcayto, Rory (2016-06-23). "Between the cracks: Stillpoint by Piers Taylor". Architects Journal. Retrieved 2016-08-16.

Furthern reading

Preceded by
?
Bath City Architect
?1775
Succeeded by
Thomas Baldwin
Preceded by
?
Bath City Surveyor
?1775
Succeeded by
Thomas Baldwin