Thomas Watson (1 March 1637 – 3 June 1717) was an English Church of England Bishop of St. David's (consecrated 1687; suspended 1694; deprived 1699). A supporter of King James II, he opposed the Revolution of 1688 but was ultimately deprived of his ecclesiastical offices for the offence of simony and jailed for his failure to pay his legal costs. After his release, he reputedly died very rich.
Watson was born in Hull, the son of a seaman. He was educated in Hull before going to St John's College, Cambridge as a sizar. He graduated BA in 1658/9, MA in 1662 and BD in 1669. Ordained in 1667, he became a Fellow of St John's in 1669 and Rector of Borough Green, Cambridgeshire in 1672.
He retired to live as lord of the manor in Wilbraham and died on 3 June 1717. He was buried by night in Wilbraham.
Simony is the act of selling church offices and roles or sacred things. It is named after Simon Magus, who is described in the Acts of the Apostles as having offered two disciples of Jesus payment in exchange for their empowering him to impart the power of the Holy Spirit to anyone on whom he would place his hands. The term extends to other forms of trafficking for money in "spiritual things".
Thomas Hearne or Hearn was an English diarist and prolific antiquary, particularly remembered for his published editions of many medieval English chronicles and other important historical texts.
Sir John Hotham, 1st Baronet of Scorborough Hall, near Driffield, Yorkshire, was an English Member of Parliament who was Governor of Hull in 1642 shortly before the start of the Civil War. He refused to allow King Charles I or any member of his entourage to enter the town, thereby depriving the king of access to the large arsenal contained within. Later in the Civil War he and his son John Hotham the younger were accused of treachery to the Parliamentarian cause, found guilty and executed on Tower Hill.
Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Berkshire was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1605 and 1622. He was created Earl of Berkshire in 1626.
Abel Smith of Wilford House in the parish of Wilford, near Nottingham, England, was one of the leading bankers of his time and served thrice as a Member of Parliament.
Rev. William Paynter D.D. was an English clergyman and Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University.
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Thomas Westfield was an English churchman, Bishop of Bristol and member of the Westminster Assembly.
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Francis Brokesby or Brookesbuy, was a nonjuror.
Denis Granville was an English non-juring cleric, Dean of Durham and then Jacobite exile.
William L'Isle (1569–1637) was an English antiquary and scholar of Anglo-Saxon literature.
Sir Robert Brooke was an English landowner, magistrate, commissioner, military officer, knight and MP who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1669. Dying at the age of 32, his promise was cut short, and the core of his estates in East Suffolk passed by marriage into the Blois family.
The Dean of Down is based in The Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Downpatrick within the Diocese of Down and Dromore of the Church of Ireland.
This article is about the particular significance of the year 1717 to Wales and its people.
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vacancy to 1705