Thomas Watts (baptised 23 May 1689 – 18 January 1742) was a Member of Parliament for Mitchell and Tregony.
He was a son of Thomas Watts (1664-1739), vicar of Orpington, and his wife Audria Oliver (1668-1717). He married first, in 1716, Hannah Seede, widow of James Allen, and second, in 1729, Susannah Gascoyne.
Watts was prominent as an academy master in London; as a leading figure in the insurance business at the Sun Fire Office; and as a freemason.
Watts represented Mitchell in parliament from 1734 to 1741 and Tregony from 1741 until his death the next year.
William Preston was a Scottish author, editor and lecturer, born in Edinburgh. After attending school and college he became secretary to the linguist Thomas Ruddiman, who became his guardian on the death of his father. On the death of Thomas, Preston became a printer for Walter Ruddiman, Thomas' brother. In 1760 he moved to London and started a distinguished career with the printer William Strahan. He became a Freemason, instituting a system of lectures of instruction, and publishing Illustrations of Masonry, which ran to several editions. It was under Preston that the Lodge of Antiquity seceded from the Moderns Grand Lodge to become "The Grand Lodge of All England South of the River Trent" for ten years. He died on 1 April 1818, after a long illness, and was buried in St Paul's Cathedral.
John Theophilus Desaguliers FRS was a British natural philosopher, clergyman, engineer and freemason who was elected to the Royal Society in 1714 as experimental assistant to Isaac Newton. He had studied at Oxford and later popularized Newtonian theories and their practical applications in public lectures. Desaguliers's most important patron was James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos. As a Freemason, Desaguliers was instrumental in the success of the first Grand Lodge in London in the early 1720s and served as its third Grand Master.
Martin Folkes PRS FRS, was an English antiquary, numismatist, mathematician, and astronomer.
Robert Harley may refer to:
Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey PC FRS, styled Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1642 to 1666, was an English nobleman.
Tregony was a rotten borough in Cornwall which was represented in the Model Parliament of 1295, and returned two Members of Parliament to the English and later British Parliament continuously from 1562 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.
Sir George Lee, was an English Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons for 25 years from 1733 to 1758.
Charles Sackville, 2nd Duke of DorsetPC, styled as Lord Buckhurst from 1711 to 1720 and the Earl of Middlesex from 1720 to 1765, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1734 and 1765. He then succeeded to the peerage as Duke of Dorset. He was also an opera impresario and cricketer.
John Arundell, Esquire, of Trerice in Cornwall, later given the epithet "Jack for the King", was a member of an ancient Cornish gentry family, who as a Royalist during the Civil War served King Charles I as Governor of Pendennis Castle, Falmouth, which in 1646 he retained in a heroic manner during a five-month long siege by Fairfax, during which his forces were reduced by hunger to eating their horses, and finally received an honourable surrender. He served twice as MP for the prestigious county seat of Cornwall, and for his family's pocket boroughs of Tregony (1628) and Mitchell (1597) and also for St Mawes (1624). His family "of Trerice" should not be confused with the contemporary ancient and even more prominent Cornish family of Arundell "of Lanherne", six miles north of Trerice, "The Great Arundells", with which no certain shared origin has been found, but which shared the same armorials, the Arundell swallows.
Sir John Strange was a British politician and judge. He was born to another John Strange of Fleet Street, London and his second wife, Mary Plaistowe. He became a student at the Middle Temple on 11 July 1712 before starting a pupillage at the chambers of Charles Salkeld, who trained Lord Hardwicke. He was called to the Bar on 27 October 1718.
Thomas Dunckerley was a prominent freemason, being appointed Provincial Grand Master of several provinces, promoting Royal Arch masonry, introducing Mark Masonry to England, and instituting a national body for Templar masonry. This was made possible by an annuity of £100, rising to £800, which he obtained from King George III by claiming to be his father's illegitimate half brother.
Thomas Knight previously Thomas Brodnax (1701–1726) and Thomas May (1727–1738), of Godmersham Park, Kent, was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1734 to 1741.
John Olmius, 1st Baron Waltham, of New Hall, Boreham, Essex, was a British landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1737 and 1762.
Christopher Tower, of Huntsmoor Park, near Iver, Buckinghamshire, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1742.
Thomas Clutterbuck was a British politician who sat in the British House of Commons from 1722 to 1742 and in the Parliament of Ireland from 1725 to 1742.
George Cooke (c.1705–1768) was an English barrister and politician.
Joseph Gulston (1674-1766) was a British merchant and Member of Parliament.
Sir Robert Willimot, of Banstead, Surrey, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1734 to 1741. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1742.