Thomas Wenman (c. 1548 — 23 July 1577) was an English country gentleman who briefly sat in the House of Commons of England, representing Buckingham.
The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
Buckingham /ˈbʌkɪŋm̩/ is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by former Conservative MP John Bercow, who later became Speaker of the House of Commons.
He was the eldest son of Sir Richard Wenman, a Buckinghamshire landowner, by his marriage to Isabel, daughter and coheiress of John Williams, 1st Baron Williams of Thame, who on her father's death in 1559 inherited the manor of Thame.
The landed gentry, or simply the gentry, is a largely historical British social class consisting in theory of landowners who could live entirely from rental income, or at least had a country estate. It was distinct from, and socially "below", the aristocracy or peerage, although in fact some of the landed gentry were wealthier than some peers, and many gentry were related to peers. They often worked as administrators of their own lands, while others became public, political, religious, and armed forces figures. The decline of this privileged class largely stemmed from the 1870s agricultural depression; however, there are still a large number of hereditary gentry in the UK to this day, many of whom transferred their landlord style management skills after the agricultural depression into the business of land agency, the act of buying and selling land.
John Williams, 1st Baron Williams of Thame was Treasurer of the King's Jewels, Lord Chamberlain of England (1553–1557) and Lord President of the Council of the Welsh Marches. He was summoned to parliament as Lord Williams of Thame on 17 February 1554.
Thame is a market town and civil parish in Oxfordshire, about 13 miles (21 km) east of the city of Oxford and 10 miles (16 km) southwest of the Buckinghamshire town of Aylesbury. It derives its toponym from the River Thame which flows along the north side of the town. The parish includes the hamlet of Moreton south of the town. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 11,561.
Wenman was briefly one of the members of parliament for Buckingham in the parliament of 1571. On his father's death in 1573 he succeeded to estates in Twyford, Beaconsfield, Amersham, Penn, the Chalfonts, and elsewhere in Buckinghamshire, plus the manor of Eaton, then in Berkshire.
Twyford is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is about 2 miles (3 km) west of Steeple Claydon and 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of Bicester in Oxfordshire.
Beaconsfield is a market town and civil parish within the South Bucks district in Buckinghamshire centred 23.4 miles (38 km) WNW of Charing Cross, central London and 16.0 miles (26 km) SSE of the county's administrative town, Aylesbury. Three towns are within five miles: Amersham, Gerrards Cross and High Wycombe.
Amersham is a market town and civil parish within the Chiltern district in Buckinghamshire, England, in the Chiltern Hills, 27 miles (43 km) northwest of central London. It is part of the London commuter belt. Amersham is 15 miles (24 km) from Aylesbury and 8 3⁄4 miles (14 km) from High Wycombe.
On 9 June 1572 Wenman married Jane, a daughter of William West, 1st Baron De La Warr, at St Dunstan-in-the-West, in the City of London,and in the next five years they had three sons and a daughter. Wenman died at Twyford on 23 July 1577, perhaps of gaol fever that had broken out at Oxford. He left high debts, some to the Crown, having borrowed at high interest before coming into his inheritance, and some of his land had to be sold, including Eaton, for which Sir John Danvers paid £7,700.
William West, 1st Baron De La Warr of the second creation was the elder son of Sir George West (d.1538), second son of Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr, by his third wife, Eleanor Copley, and Elizabeth Morton, widow of Robert Walden, and daughter of Sir Robert Morton of Lechlade, Gloucestershire. He was nephew and adopted heir of his uncle of the half blood, Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr, eldest son of the 8th Baron's second wife, Elizabeth Mortimer.
The Guild Church of St Dunstan-in-the-West is in Fleet Street in the City of London. It is dedicated to a former Bishop of London and Archbishop of Canterbury. The church is of medieval origin, although the present building, with an octagonal nave, was constructed in the 1830s to the designs of John Shaw.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the agglomeration has since grown far beyond the City's borders. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts. It is also a separate county of England, being an enclave surrounded by Greater London. It is the smallest county in the United Kingdom.
When Wenman died, his eldest son and heir, Richard Wenman, was aged only four and the Court of Wards and Liveries made him the ward of Jane Wenman and the Earl of Leicester. Leicester sold his interest in the wardship to James Cressy, who then married Jane Wenman.In 1628 Wenman's heir was created Viscount Wenman.
Richard Wenman, 1st Viscount Wenman (1573–1640) was an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1621 and 1625. He was created Viscount Wenman in the Peerage of Ireland in 1628.
The Court of Wards and Liveries was a court established during the reign of Henry VIII in England. Its purpose was to administer a system of feudal dues; but as well as the revenue collection, the court was also responsible for wardship and livery issues.
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, was an English statesman and the favourite of Elizabeth I from her accession until his death. He was a suitor for the Queen's hand for many years.
Earl Temple of Stowe, in the County of Buckingham, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1822 for Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Marquess of Buckingham, who was created Marquess of Chandos and Duke of Buckingham and Chandos at the same time. In contrast to the Marquessate and Dukedom, which were created with remainder to the heirs male of his body only, the Earldom was created with remainder to (1) the heirs male of his body, failing which to (2) the heirs male of his deceased great-grandmother the 1st Countess Temple, failing which to (3) his granddaughter Lady Anna Grenville and the heirs male of her body, and then to possible younger daughters of Lord Temple and the heirs male of their bodies.
Earl Howe is a title that has been created twice in British history, for members of the Howe and Curzon-Howe family respectively. The first creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was in 1788 for Richard Howe, but became extinct on his death in 1799. The second creation, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom was in 1821 for Richard Curzon, and remains current.
Thomas Francis Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe,, known as Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt, between 1821 and 1874, was a British Tory politician.
Sir William Drury was the son of Sir Robert Drury (c.1503–1577) the grandson of Sir Robert Drury, Speaker of the House of Commons, and the nephew of Sir William Drury. He was an English statesman and soldier.
Arthur Goodwin was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1643. He supported the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War.
Viscount Wenman, of Tuam in the County of Galway, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 30 July 1628 for Sir Richard Wenman, Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire in 1620 and 1625, the son of Thomas Wenman, a Buckinghamshire landowner. He was made Baron Wenman, of Kilmaynham in the County of Meath, at the same time, also in the Peerage of Ireland. He was succeeded by his son, the second Viscount. He represented Brackley and Oxfordshire in Parliament. On his death the titles passed to his younger brother, the third Viscount. After the death of his childless only son, he obtained a new patent in 1683, with remainder to his great-nephew, Sir Richard Wenman, 2nd Baronet, with the precedence of 1628. The latter succeeded as fourth Viscount according to the new patent in 1686. He had earlier represented Brackley in Parliament. His grandson, the sixth Viscount, represented Oxford in the House of Commons. On the latter's death the titles passed to his son, the seventh Viscount. He sat as Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire for many years. The titles became extinct on his death in 1800. As all the peerage titles were in the Peerage of Ireland, the Viscounts did not have the right to sit in the British House of Lords.
Sir Thomas Kitson was a wealthy English merchant, Sheriff of London, and builder of Hengrave Hall in Suffolk.
Sydenham is a village and civil parish about 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Thame in Oxfordshire. To the south the parish is bounded by the ancient Lower Icknield Way, and on its other sides largely by brooks that merge as Cuttle Brook, a tributary of the River Thame. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 451.
Thomas Tasburgh, of Hawridge, and then Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, was an English politician.
Philip Wenman, 7th Viscount Wenman, styled The Honourable Philip Wenman until 1760, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1768 to 1796.
Sir Anthony Lee was an English courtier and Member of Parliament, and the father of Elizabeth I's champion, Sir Henry Lee. He was at the court of Henry VIII in his youth, and served as a Justice of the Peace and Knight of the Shire for Buckinghamshire. He was a close friend of his brother-in-law, the poet Sir Thomas Wyatt.
Sir Martin Lister was an English farmer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1648.
Sir Francis Wenman, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1664 to 1679.
Sir Christopher Hatton KB was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1601 and 1614.
Richard Huddleston, of Thame Park, Oxfordshire and Elford, Staffordshire, was an English politician.
Sir Robert Drury of Hedgerley and Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, was the second son of Sir Robert Drury, Speaker of the House of Commons, and was the father of Sir Robert Drury (1525–1593), Sir William Drury, and Sir Drue Drury. He was active in local administration in Buckinghamshire, and a Member of Parliament for that county. His name appears in the Ellesmere manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
Sir Richard Arches, of Eythrope, in the parish of Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, was MP for Buckinghamshire in 1402. He was knighted before 1401.