Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Baron Wentworth (1525 –13 January 1584) was the eldest son of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Baron Wentworth and Margaret Fortescue. He studied at St John's College, Cambridge.
Thomas served with distinction under his relative the Lord Protector Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547; but in 1551 he was one of the peers who condemned Somerset to death on a charge of felony.
He was a trusted counsellor of Mary I of England, who appointed him deputy of Calais. Wentworth was the last Englishman to hold this post, for on 7 January 1558 he was compelled to surrender Calais to Francis, Duke of Guise, his representations as to the defenceless condition of the fortress having been disregarded by the Privy Council some years earlier. [ citation needed ]He was judged harshly for his ineptitude and indecision during the final crisis, and was even accused of treason. In fact his passive behaviour was probably due to his certainty that the cause was hopeless. His behaviour was unkindly compared to the gallant defence of Guisnes, yet Guisnes also surrendered after a few days.
Wentworth himself remained in France as a prisoner of war for more than a year, and on his return to the Kingdom of England in 1559 he was sent to the Tower of London for having surrendered Calais. He was eventually acquitted of treason. He died on 13 January 1584.
Wentworth appears as a minor character in the novel The Two Dianas by Alexandre Dumas.
His eldest son William Wentworth married Elizabeth Cecil (born 1 July 1564), a daughter of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, but predeceased his father on 7 November 1582. The peerage consequently passed to his second son Henry Wentworth, 3rd Baron Wentworth (1558–1593), who was one of the judges of Mary, Queen of Scots, at Fotheringay in 1586. Henry was married to Anne Hopton and was father to Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland.
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, was an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State and Lord High Treasurer from 1572. Albert Pollard wrote, "From 1558 for forty years the biography of Cecil is almost indistinguishable from that of Elizabeth and from the history of England."
Sir Walter Mildmay was a statesman who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer to Queen Elizabeth I, and founded Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
Henry Fitzalan, 12th Earl of ArundelKG was an English nobleman, who over his long life assumed a prominent place at the court of all the later Tudor sovereigns, probably the only person to do so.
William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham was the son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Agnes Tilney. He served four monarchs, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I, in various official capacities, most notably on diplomatic missions and as Lord Admiral and Lord Chamberlain of the Household.
Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, KG, known as Lord Burghley from 1598 to 1605, was an English politician, courtier and soldier.
Sir William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham, KG, lord of the Manor of Cobham, Kent, was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and a Member of Parliament for Hythe. Although he was viewed by some as a religious radical during the Somerset Protectorate, he entertained Queen Elizabeth I of England at Cobham Hall in 1559, signalling his acceptance of the moderate regime.
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Nicholas Wotton was an English diplomat, cleric and courtier.
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland, was a Cavalier general who fought for Charles I during the English Civil War.
The Rt Hon. Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton, KG (1536–1593), was a baron in the Peerage of England. Lord Grey de Wilton is now largely remembered for his memoir of his father, for participating in the last defence of Calais, and for his involvement in the massacre after the Siege of Smerwick on Corca Dhuibhne in County Kerry. He served as Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1580 until 1582.
Baron Wentworth is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1529 for Thomas Wentworth, who was also de jure sixth Baron le Despencer of the 1387 creation. The title was created by writ, which means that it can descend via female lines.
Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter, 2nd Earl of Devon, KG, PC, feudal baron of Okehampton, feudal baron of Plympton, of Tiverton Castle, Okehampton Castle and Colcombe Castle all in Devon, was a grandson of King Edward IV, nephew of the queen consort, Elizabeth of York and a first cousin of King Henry VIII. Henry Courtenay was a close friend of Henry VIII's, having "been brought up of a child with his grace in his chamber."
Robert Radcliffe, 10th Baron Fitzwalter, 1st Earl of Sussex, KG, KB, PC, also spelled Radclyffe, Ratcliffe, Ratcliff, etc., was a prominent courtier and soldier during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII who served as Chamberlain of the Exchequer and Lord Great Chamberlain.
William Grey, 13th Baron Grey de Wilton, was an English baron and military commander serving in France in the 1540s and 1550s, and in the Scottish Wars of the 1540s.
Events from the 1550s in England. This decade marks the beginning of the Elizabethan era.
Thomas Wentworth may refer to:
Valentine Dale was an English jurist and diplomat. He served as Judge of the High Court of Admiralty from 1584 to 1589.
Sir Thomas Palmer was an English soldier and courtier. His testimony was crucial in the final downfall of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset in 1551–1552. Palmer was executed for his support of Lady Jane Grey in the succession crisis of 1553.
Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Chiche KG was an English courtier during the reign of Edward VI. He served as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household and Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard between 1550 and 1551 before his appointment as Lord Chamberlain of the Household. He was placed under house arrest for his support of Lady Jane Grey as Edward's successor.
Edward Grimston, of Rishangles, Suffolk, was an English politician and comptroller of Calais.
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