Thomas Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 10th Earl Fitzwilliam

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The Earl Fitzwilliam

JP
8thFitzWilliam.jpg
The 10th Earl Fitzwilliam
BornWilliam Thomas George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam
28 May 1904
Died21 September 1979
Spouse(s)Joyce Elizabeth
Parent(s)George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam
Evelyn Lyster

William Thomas George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 10th Earl Fitzwilliam JP (28 May 1904 – 21 September 1979), known as Tom, was a British peer. He was the 10th and last Earl Fitzwilliam. He died in 1979 at Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire. [1] He left no issue from his marriage. [2] He left £11,776,401 gross (£11,584,880 net), thus paying virtually no death duties. [3]

Justice of the peace judicial officer, of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission (letters patent) to keep the peace

A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission to keep the peace. In past centuries the term commissioner of the peace was often used with the same meaning. Depending on the jurisdiction, such justices dispense summary justice or merely deal with local administrative applications in common law jurisdictions. Justices of the peace are appointed or elected from the citizens of the jurisdiction in which they serve, and are usually not required to have any formal legal education in order to qualify for the office. Some jurisdictions have varying forms of training for JPs.

Earl Fitzwilliam Wikimedia disambiguation page

Earl Fitzwilliam was a title in both the Peerage of Ireland and the Peerage of Great Britain held by the head of the Fitzwilliam family.

Wentworth Woodhouse country house in the village of Wentworth, South Yorkshire, England

Wentworth Woodhouse is a Grade I listed country house in the village of Wentworth, in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. It is currently owned by the Wentworth Woodhouse Preservation Trust. Considered to be the largest private residence in the United Kingdom, it has an east front of 606 feet (185 m); the longest country house façade in Europe. The house has more than 300 rooms, although the precise number is unclear, with 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) of floorspace. It covers an area of more than 2.5 acres (1.0 ha), and is surrounded by a 180-acre (73 ha) park, and an estate of 15,000 acres (6,100 ha).

Contents

Life

Fitzwilliam was the son of George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam and Evelyn Lyster, daughter of Charles Stephen Lyster. He was educated at Eton in houses run by Reginald Saumarez de Havilland and Clement James Mellish Adie. In 1923, he went up to Magdalene College, Cambridge.

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is an English 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as The King's College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor, as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

Magdalene College, Cambridge constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Magdalene College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1428 as a Benedictine hostel, in time coming to be known as Buckingham College, before being refounded in 1542 as the College of St Mary Magdalene. Magdalene counted some of the greatest men in the realm among its benefactors, including Britain's premier noble the Duke of Norfolk, the Duke of Buckingham and Lord Chief Justice Christopher Wray. Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor under Henry VIII, was responsible for the refoundation of the college and also established its motto—garde ta foy. Audley's successors in the Mastership and as benefactors of the College were, however, prone to dire ends; several benefactors were arraigned at various stages on charges of high treason and executed.

He was appointed Justice of the Peace (JP) for the Liberty of Peterborough.

Marriage

On 3 April 1956, he married Joyce Elizabeth Mary Langdale (25 April 1898 – 7 June 1995) of Houghton Hall, Yorkshire. She had previously been married to Henry FitzAlan-Howard, 2nd Viscount FitzAlan of Derwent (1883–1962), from whom she was divorced in 1955. [4]

Houghton Hall, Yorkshire Grade I listed English country house in East Riding of Yorkshire, United Kingdom

Houghton Hall, Sancton, near Market Weighton, is a Grade I listed Georgian country mansion in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, set in an estate of 7,800 acres (32 km2). Located on the estate is the village of Sancton and the vestigial remains of the ancient hamlet of Houghton. It was built c. 1765–8 by Philip Langdale to the designs of Thomas Atkinson and underwent minor remodelling in 1960 by Francis Johnson. It is built in pink brick with stone dressing and slate roof, with a three-storey, 5-bay main block.

Henry Edmund FitzAlan-Howard, 2nd Viscount FitzAlan of Derwent, was a British peer.

She died in 1995 at her home in Peterborough. [5] Her second husband's home, Wentworth Woodhouse, near Rotherham, Yorkshire, is the largest private residence in England. With his second seat of Milton Hall, Peterborough (the largest house in Cambridgeshire), also at her disposal, she may have felt little need to retain Houghton for her own use.

Rotherham town in South Yorkshire, England

Rotherham is a town in South Yorkshire, England, which together with its conurbation and outlying settlements to the north, south and south-east forms the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, with a recorded population of 257,280 in the 2011 census. Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, its central area is on the banks of the River Don below its confluence with the Rother on the traditional road between Sheffield and Doncaster. Rotherham was well known as a coal mining town as well as a major contributor to the steel industry.

Milton Hall country house in Cambridgeshire, England, the historical home of the Fitzwilliam family

Milton Hall, near Peterborough, is the largest private house in Cambridgeshire, England. As part of the Soke of Peterborough, it was formerly part of Northamptonshire. It dates from 1594, being the historical home of the Fitzwilliam family, and is situated in an extensive park in which some original oak trees from an earlier Tudor deer park survive. The house is a Grade I listed building; the garden is Grade II*.

Ancestry

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References

  1. obituaries: Daily Telegraph, 24 September 1979; Yorkshire Post, 24 September 1979.
  2. Peterborough City Council website, "Wentworth-Fitzwilliam family of Milton". Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  3. The Guardian, 8 December 1979.
  4. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, pp. 452, 453.
  5. obits: Yorkshire Post, 15 June 1995; The Times, 17 June 1995.

Black Diamonds by Catherine Bailey, (the rise and fall of an English Dynasty

Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Eric Wentworth-Fitzwilliam
Earl Fitzwilliam
1952–1979
Succeeded by
Extinct
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Eric Wentworth-Fitzwilliam
Earl Fitzwilliam
1952–1979
Succeeded by
Extinct