The Earl Fitzwilliam
The 10th Earl Fitzwilliam
|Born||William Thomas George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam|
28 May 1904
|Died||21 September 1979|
William Thomas George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 10th Earl Fitzwilliam JP (28 May 1904 – 21 September 1979), known as Tom, was a British peer. He was the 10th and last Earl Fitzwilliam. He died in 1979 at Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire.He left no issue from his marriage. He left £11,776,401 gross (£11,584,880 net), thus paying virtually no death duties.
A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission to keep the peace. In past centuries the term commissioner of the peace was often used with the same meaning. Depending on the jurisdiction, such justices dispense summary justice or merely deal with local administrative applications in common law jurisdictions. Justices of the peace are appointed or elected from the citizens of the jurisdiction in which they serve, and are usually not required to have any formal legal education in order to qualify for the office. Some jurisdictions have varying forms of training for JPs.
Earl Fitzwilliam was a title in both the Peerage of Ireland and the Peerage of Great Britain held by the head of the Fitzwilliam family.
Wentworth Woodhouse is a Grade I listed country house in the village of Wentworth, in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. It is currently owned by the Wentworth Woodhouse Preservation Trust. Considered to be the largest private residence in the United Kingdom, it has an east front of 606 feet (185 m); the longest country house façade in Europe. The house has more than 300 rooms, although the precise number is unclear, with 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) of floorspace. It covers an area of more than 2.5 acres (1.0 ha), and is surrounded by a 180-acre (73 ha) park, and an estate of 15,000 acres (6,100 ha).
Fitzwilliam was the son of George Wentworth-Fitzwilliam and Evelyn Lyster, daughter of Charles Stephen Lyster. He was educated at Eton in houses run by Reginald Saumarez de Havilland and Clement James Mellish Adie. In 1923, he went up to Magdalene College, Cambridge.
Eton College is an English 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as The King's College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor, as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.
Magdalene College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1428 as a Benedictine hostel, in time coming to be known as Buckingham College, before being refounded in 1542 as the College of St Mary Magdalene. Magdalene counted some of the greatest men in the realm among its benefactors, including Britain's premier noble the Duke of Norfolk, the Duke of Buckingham and Lord Chief Justice Christopher Wray. Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor under Henry VIII, was responsible for the refoundation of the college and also established its motto—garde ta foy. Audley's successors in the Mastership and as benefactors of the College were, however, prone to dire ends; several benefactors were arraigned at various stages on charges of high treason and executed.
He was appointed Justice of the Peace (JP) for the Liberty of Peterborough.
On 3 April 1956, he married Joyce Elizabeth Mary Langdale (25 April 1898 – 7 June 1995) of Houghton Hall, Yorkshire. She had previously been married to Henry FitzAlan-Howard, 2nd Viscount FitzAlan of Derwent (1883–1962), from whom she was divorced in 1955.
Houghton Hall, Sancton, near Market Weighton, is a Grade I listed Georgian country mansion in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, set in an estate of 7,800 acres (32 km2). Located on the estate is the village of Sancton and the vestigial remains of the ancient hamlet of Houghton. It was built c. 1765–8 by Philip Langdale to the designs of Thomas Atkinson and underwent minor remodelling in 1960 by Francis Johnson. It is built in pink brick with stone dressing and slate roof, with a three-storey, 5-bay main block.
Henry Edmund FitzAlan-Howard, 2nd Viscount FitzAlan of Derwent, was a British peer.
She died in 1995 at her home in Peterborough.Her second husband's home, Wentworth Woodhouse, near Rotherham, Yorkshire, is the largest private residence in England. With his second seat of Milton Hall, Peterborough (the largest house in Cambridgeshire), also at her disposal, she may have felt little need to retain Houghton for her own use.
Rotherham is a town in South Yorkshire, England, which together with its conurbation and outlying settlements to the north, south and south-east forms the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, with a recorded population of 257,280 in the 2011 census. Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, its central area is on the banks of the River Don below its confluence with the Rother on the traditional road between Sheffield and Doncaster. Rotherham was well known as a coal mining town as well as a major contributor to the steel industry.
Milton Hall, near Peterborough, is the largest private house in Cambridgeshire, England. As part of the Soke of Peterborough, it was formerly part of Northamptonshire. It dates from 1594, being the historical home of the Fitzwilliam family, and is situated in an extensive park in which some original oak trees from an earlier Tudor deer park survive. The house is a Grade I listed building; the garden is Grade II*.
|Ancestors of Thomas Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 10th Earl Fitzwilliam|
Wentworth is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England.
Sir William FitzWilliam (1526–1599) was an English Lord Justice of Ireland and afterwards Lord Deputy of Ireland. In 1587, as Governor of Fotheringhay Castle, he supervised the execution of the death sentence on Mary, Queen of Scots. He was the Member of Parliament for Peterborough and represented County Carlow in the Irish House of Commons. He lived at Gainspark, Essex, and Milton Hall.
Sir Stephen Lewis Edmonstone Hastings was a soldier, MI6 operative, Master of Foxhounds, author and British Conservative Party politician who was elected as Member of Parliament for Mid Bedfordshire in a 1960 by-election and held it until he stood down at the 1983 general election.
Charles William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 5th Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland, and 3rd Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Great Britain, was a British nobleman and politician. He was President three times of the Royal Statistical Society in 1838–1840, 1847–1849, and 1853–1855; and President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in its inaugural year (1831–2).
Lady Mabel Florence Harriet Wentworth-Fitzwilliam was an English socialist politician, later known as Lady Mabel Smith.
William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, Viscount Milton MP was a British nobleman, explorer, and Liberal Party politician.
William ("Billy") Charles de Meuron Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 7th Earl Fitzwilliam, styled Viscount Milton 1877–1902, was a British Army officer, nobleman, politician, and aristocrat.
William Henry Lawrence Peter Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 8th Earl Fitzwilliam, DSO, styled Viscount Milton before 1943, was a British soldier, nobleman, and peer, with a seat in the House of Lords.
Thomas Watson-Wentworth, 1st Marquess of Rockingham, KB, PC (I) of Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 until 1728 when he was raised to the Peerage as Baron Malton.
William John Wentworth-FitzWilliam, was a British Liberal politician.
William Thomas Spencer Wentworth-FitzWilliam, 6th Earl FitzWilliam,, styled Hon. William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 1815–1835, and Viscount Milton 1835–1857, was a British peer, nobleman, and Liberal Party politician.
Captain Sir William Charles Wentworth-FitzWilliam was a British courtier.
The Hon. George Wentworth-FitzWilliam, was a British politician.
William FitzWilliam, 3rd Earl FitzWilliam MP was a British peer, nobleman, and politician.
(Joseph) Rupert Eric Robert Watson, 3rd Baron Manton, DL, of Houghton Hall in the parish of Sancton, Yorkshire, was a British soldier, landowner and racehorse owner who served as Senior Steward of the Jockey Club (1982-5).
Sir Philip Naylor-Leyland, 4th Baronet is a British aristocrat, landowner and hotelier.
Black Diamonds by Catherine Bailey, (the rise and fall of an English Dynasty
|Peerage of Ireland|
| Earl Fitzwilliam |
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Earl Fitzwilliam |
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