Thomas Wentworth Beaumont

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Arms of Beaumont, of Bretton Hall, Yorkshire: Gules, a lion rampant or armed and langued azure an orle of eight crescents of the second Beaumont arms (Allendale).svg
Arms of Beaumont, of Bretton Hall, Yorkshire: Gules, a lion rampant or armed and langued azure an orle of eight crescents of the second

Thomas Wentworth Beaumont (5 November 1792 – 20 December 1848) [2] of Bretton Hall, Wakefield in Yorkshire, was a British politician and soldier. In 1831, at the time he inherited his mother's estate, he was the richest commoner in England. [3]

Bretton Hall, West Yorkshire

Bretton Hall is a country house in West Bretton near Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. It housed Bretton Hall College from 1949 until 2001 and was a campus of the University of Leeds (2001–2007). It is a Grade II* listed building.

Wakefield city in West Yorkshire, England

Wakefield is a cathedral city in West Yorkshire, England, on the River Calder and the eastern edge of the Pennines, which had a population of 99,251 at the 2011 census.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Contents

Origins

He was born in Old Burlington Street in Mayfair, London, the eldest son of Thomas Richard Beaumont by his wife Diana Wentworth, daughter of Sir Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baronet. [4]

Mayfair area of central London, England

Mayfair is an affluent area in the West End of London towards the eastern edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster, between Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Park Lane. It is one of the most expensive districts in London and the world.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, and the largest city in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Thomas Richard Beaumont British politician

Colonel Thomas Richard Beaumont of Bretton Hall, Wakefield, Yorkshire, was a British Tory politician and soldier.

Career

Beaumont was educated at Eton College and St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1813. [5] He served as lieutenant-colonel of the Northumberland Militia, but resigned in 1824. [4] In 1826, he fought a duel with John Lambton later 1st Earl of Durham. [6] He was president of the Literary Association of the Friends of Poland and a member of the Royal Yacht Squadron. [4]

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is a 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore , as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

St Johns College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge founded by the Tudor matriarch Lady Margaret Beaufort. In constitutional terms, the college is a charitable corporation established by a charter dated 9 April 1511. The aims of the college, as specified by its statutes, are the promotion of education, religion, learning and research. It is one of the larger Oxbridge colleges in terms of student numbers.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

In 1816 Beaumont stood as Member of Parliament (MP) for Northumberland, the same constituency his father had represented before. [7] He lost this seat in 1826, however was successful for Stafford in a by-election in 1826. [2] After the general election of 1830 Beaumont was returned again for Northumberland, until in 1832, the constituency was split into a north and south division. [7] Beaumont was elected for the latter, and sat then for South Northumberland until his retirement from politic in 1837. [7] Initially a Tory, he was considered a Liberal from 1820. [6]

Northumberland, was a County constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament.

Stafford (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Stafford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jeremy Lefroy, a Conservative.

By-elections, also spelled bye-elections, are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections.

Marriage and progeny

On 22 November 1827 Beaumont married Henrietta Jane Emma Hawks Atkinson, daughter of John Atkinson, [8] by whom he had two daughters and four sons, [8] including:

Wentworth Beaumont, 1st Baron Allendale Industrialist, politician

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A peerage is a legal system historically comprising various hereditary titles in a number of countries, and composed of assorted noble ranks.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne was a borough constituency in the county of Northumberland of the House of Commons of England to 1706 then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

Death and burial

Beaumont died at the age of 56 at Bournemouth and was buried at his seat Bretton Hall, Wakefield, Yorkshire. [4]

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References

  1. Montague-Smith, P.W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968, p.56
  2. 1 2 "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Stafford" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  3. "The National Archives" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Sylvanus, Urban (1849). The Gentleman's Magazine. London: John Bowyer Nicholls and Son. pp. 94–95.
  5. "Beaumont, Thomas Wentworth (BMNT809TW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  6. 1 2 Latimer, John (1857). Local Records of Remarkable Events in Northumberland and Durham. p. 254.
  7. 1 2 3 "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Northumberland & Northumberland South" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  8. 1 2 3 "ThePeerage - Thomas Wentworth Beaumont" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Charles Monck
Thomas Richard Beaumont
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
18181826
With: Charles John Brandling
Succeeded by
Matthew Bell
Hon. Henry Liddell
Preceded by
Richard Ironmonger
Ralph Benson
Member of Parliament for Stafford
1826 – 1830
With: Ralph Benson
Succeeded by
John Campbell
Thomas Gisborne
Preceded by
Matthew Bell
Hon. Henry Liddell
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
18301832
With: Matthew Bell 1830–1831
Viscount Howick 1831–1832
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for South Northumberland
18321837
With: Matthew Bell
Succeeded by
Matthew Bell
Christopher Blackett