Thomas Wentworth Beaumont

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Arms of Beaumont, of Bretton Hall, Yorkshire: Gules, a lion rampant or armed and langued azure an orle of eight crescents of the second Beaumont arms (Allendale).svg
Arms of Beaumont, of Bretton Hall, Yorkshire: Gules, a lion rampant or armed and langued azure an orle of eight crescents of the second

Thomas Wentworth Beaumont (5 November 1792 – 20 December 1848) [2] of Bretton Hall, Wakefield in Yorkshire, was a British politician and soldier. In 1831, at the time he inherited his mother's estate, he was the richest commoner in England. [3]



He was born in Old Burlington Street in Mayfair, London, the eldest son of Thomas Richard Beaumont by his wife Diana Wentworth, daughter of Sir Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baronet. [4]


Beaumont was educated at Eton College and St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1813. [5] He served as lieutenant-colonel of the Northumberland Militia, but resigned in 1824. [4] In 1826, he fought a duel with John Lambton later 1st Earl of Durham. [6] He was president of the Literary Association of the Friends of Poland and a member of the Royal Yacht Squadron. [4]

In 1816 Beaumont stood as Member of Parliament (MP) for Northumberland, the same constituency his father had represented before. [7] He lost this seat in 1826, however was successful for Stafford in a by-election in 1826. [2] After the general election of 1830 Beaumont was returned again for Northumberland, until in 1832, the constituency was split into a north and south division. [7] Beaumont was elected for the latter, and sat then for South Northumberland until his retirement from politic in 1837. [7] Initially a Tory, he was considered a Liberal from 1820. [6]

Marriage and progeny

On 22 November 1827 Beaumont married Henrietta Jane Emma Hawks Atkinson, daughter of John Atkinson, [8] by whom he had two daughters and four sons, [8] including:

Death and burial

Beaumont died at the age of 56 at Bournemouth and was buried at his seat Bretton Hall, Wakefield, Yorkshire. [4]

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  1. Montague-Smith, P.W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968, p.56
  2. 1 2 "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Stafford" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  3. "The National Archives" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Sylvanus, Urban (1849). The Gentleman's Magazine. London: John Bowyer Nicholls and Son. pp. 94–95.
  5. "Beaumont, Thomas Wentworth (BMNT809TW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  6. 1 2 Latimer, John (1857). Local Records of Remarkable Events in Northumberland and Durham. pp.  254.
  7. 1 2 3 "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Northumberland & Northumberland South" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  8. 1 2 3 "ThePeerage - Thomas Wentworth Beaumont" . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Charles Monck
Thomas Richard Beaumont
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
With: Charles John Brandling
Succeeded by
Matthew Bell
Hon. Henry Liddell
Preceded by
Richard Ironmonger
Ralph Benson
Member of Parliament for Stafford
1826 – 1830
With: Ralph Benson
Succeeded by
John Campbell
Thomas Gisborne
Preceded by
Matthew Bell
Hon. Henry Liddell
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
With: Matthew Bell 1830–1831
Viscount Howick 1831–1832
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for South Northumberland
With: Matthew Bell
Succeeded by
Matthew Bell
Christopher Blackett