Thomas West, 1st Baron West

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Arms of West: Argent, a fess dancettee sable. As borne today by Sackville (formerly Sackville-West), Earl De La Warr, Viscount Cantelupe, etc., heirs of Cantilupe West arms.svg
Arms of West: Argent, a fess dancettée sable. As borne today by Sackville (formerly Sackville-West), Earl De La Warr, Viscount Cantelupe, etc., heirs of Cantilupe

Thomas West, 1st Baron West (1365 – 19 April 1405) [2]

Contents

Biography

He was the only son of Sir Thomas West (1312–3 September 1386 [3] ) of Hempston Cauntelow in Devon (named after its lords the Cantilupe family whose heiress Eleanor de Cantilupe married Sir Thomas West (1251-1344)), by his wife Alice FitzHerbert (died 1395) a sister and co-heiress of Sir Edmund FitzHerbert. Sir Thomas West (d.1386) had fought in the Battle of Crécy and the subsequent siege of Calais under the command of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel. The younger Thomas almost certainly served alongside his father under King Richard II; one of them was in active service in Calais in 1386, the year of his father's death. A knight banneret, he served in Ireland with the Duke of Aumale in 1399, and attended Richard's young Queen Isabella of Valois homeward to Calais in 1401.

The manor of Broad Hempston was an historic manor situated in Devon, England, about 4 miles north of Totnes. The present village known as Broadhempston was the chief settlement within the manor and remains the location of the ancient parish church of St Peter and St Paul.

Lord of the manor title from the feudal system of manorialism

Lord of the manor is a title given to a person holding the lordship of a manor in the Anglo-Saxon system system of manorialism which emanated from feudalism in English and Irish history. In modern England and Wales, it is recognised as a form of property, one of three elements of a manor that may exist separately or be combined, and may be held in moieties:

  1. the title ;
  2. the manorial, comprising the manor and/or its land; and
  3. the seignory, rights granted to the titular holder of the manor.

Herbert of Winchester was an Anglo-Norman nobleman during the period following the Norman conquest of England.

When West was seventeen, he and his mother and sister Eleanor were assaulted and robbed, by Nicholas Clifton, who carried his sister off; he was probably the same Nicholas Clifton who later married her.

West was knighted in 1399, and summoned to Parliament as Baron West in 1402, by which time he held the manor of Harby, Nottinghamshire. He inherited the manor of Newton Tony, Wiltshire, from his father, and the manors of Midsomer Norton, Somerset, and Hinton Martell, Dorset, from his mother. He was later granted joint custody of Beaulieu Abbey. He died in 1405 and was interred at Christchurch Priory, Dorset. [4]

Harby, Nottinghamshire village in United Kingdom

Harby is the easternmost village in the English county of Nottinghamshire. The nearest large town is Lincoln, over the border in Lincolnshire. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 289, increasing to 336 at the 2011 Census.

Newton Tony village in Wiltshire, England

Newton Tony is a rural English village and civil parish in the county of Wiltshire, close to the border with Hampshire. Situated in the Bourne Valley, Newton Tony is about 9 miles (14 km) north-east of its post town, Salisbury. It is the site of Wilbury House, a 17th-century mansion designed by William Benson.

Wiltshire County of England

Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of 3,485 km2. It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The county town was originally Wilton, after which the county is named, but Wiltshire Council is now based in the county town of Trowbridge.

Marriage and issue

West married, before 2 May 1384, Joan La Warre, widow of Ralph de Wilington (d. 16 August 1382) of Sandhurst, Gloucestershire, and daughter of Roger la Warr, 3rd Baron De La Warr (d. 27 August 1370), [5] and his second wife, Eleanor Mowbray, daughter of John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, by Joan of Lancaster, daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster. [5] [6] Joan la Warre was a half sister of John la Warr, 4th Baron De La Warr, and when he died without issue she became heiress to her younger half-brother, Thomas la Warr, 5th Baron De La Warr. They had three sons and a daughter: [2] [6]

Sandhurst is a village just outside Gloucester, England.

John (II) de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray was the only son of John de Mowbray, 2nd Baron Mowbray, by his first wife, Aline de Brewes, daughter of William de Braose, 2nd Baron Braose. He was born Hovingham, Yorkshire.

Joan of Lancaster English noble

Joan of Lancaster sometimes called Joan Plantagenet after her dynasty's name, was the third daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth.

Thomas West, 2nd Baron West English baron

Thomas West, 2nd Baron West succeeded as Baron West at the age of 14. In less than a year, he married Ida de Saint Amand, younger daughter and coheiress of Amaury de Saint Amand, 3rd Baron Saint Amand (1341–1402). He was knighted on the eve of Henry V's coronation. He fought at the Battle of Agincourt, and is listed on a pipe-roll with a retinue of 14 lancers and 40 archers. Afterwards, he was assigned to the garrison of Calais. Next year, the Earl of Warwick, who was Captain of Calais, sent out an expedition on 24 September 1416 to capture a Genoese carrack, since the Genoese were allies of France. Thomas West was mortally wounded putting on his armor before the battle; he was arming himself at the foot of the mast when one of the stones being hauled up to the catapults on the masthead slipped; but he survived long enough to die in England. The Gesta Henrici Quinti puns in describing the manner of his death, suggesting that he received the chief of all evils while pursuing the root of all evil.

Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr English Baron

Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr and 3rd Baron West was an English nobleman.

Notes

    1. Kidd, Charles, Debrett's peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.P336
    2. 1 2 3 4 5 Richardson IV 2011, p. 317.
    3. Richardson IV 2011, p. 316.
    4. Richardson IV 2011 , p. 317 notes West left a will date 8 April 1405
    5. 1 2 Richardson II 2011, p. 581.
    6. 1 2 Cokayne 1916, pp. 145–6.
    7. Richardson IV 2011, pp. 317–18.

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    References

    Preceded by
    New Creation
    Baron West
    1402–1405
    Succeeded by
    Thomas West