Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr

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Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr
Coat of arms of Sir Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr, KB, KG.png
Arms of Sir Thomas West,
9th Baron De La Warr, KB, KG
Died 25 September 1554
Offington
Buried St. Mary's Church, Broadwater, Sussex
Noble family De La Warr
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Bonville
Father Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr
Mother Elizabeth Mortimer

Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr and 6th Baron West, KG (c. 1475 – 25 September 1554) was the eldest son of Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr, by his second wife, Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter of Sir Hugh Mortimer of Martley and Kyre Wyard, Worcestershire, by Eleanor Cornwall, daughter of Sir Edmund Cornwall. [1] [2]

Order of the Garter Order of chivalry in England

The Order of the Garter is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry in England and the United Kingdom. It is dedicated to the image and arms of Saint George, England's patron saint.

Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr Baron De La Warr and Baron West

Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr and 5th Baron West, KB, KG was an English courtier and military commander during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII.

Martley village in the United Kingdom

Martley is a village and civil parish in the Malvern Hills district of the English county of Worcestershire. It is approximately nine miles north-west of Worcester. The population of the village is approximately 1,200 people. The mixed farming of the area includes arable, formerly cherry, apple, damson orchards and hopyards.

Contents

Life

West married, before 24 August 1494, Elizabeth Bonville, daughter and co-heiress of John Bonville, esquire, of Shute, Devon, by Katherine Wingfield, daughter of Sir Robert Wingfield, but had no issue by her. [3] He succeeded to his titles at the age of 50. He was made Knight of the Garter in 1549 after having fought in France.

Shute, Devon village in the United Kingdom

Shute is a village, parish and former manor located 3 miles (5 km) west of Axminster in East Devon, off the A35 road.

Robert Wingfield English knight

Sir Robert Wingfield, of Letheringham in Suffolk, was an English landowner, administrator and politician.

Death and inheritance

West died 25 September 1554 at his home at Offington, Sussex, and was buried 10 October at Broadwater. The diarist Henry Machyn recorded his funeral, describing him as 'the best house-keeper in Sussex'. [4] [3]

Offington village in United Kingdom

Offington is a neighbourhood of the Borough of Worthing in West Sussex, England. It lies on the A2031 road 1.6 miles (2.5 km) northwest of the town centre.

Broadwater, West Sussex village in United Kingdom

Broadwater is a neighbourhood of the Borough of Worthing in West Sussex, England. Situated between the South Downs and the English Channel, Broadwater was once a parish in its own right and included Worthing when the latter was a small fishing hamlet. Before its incorporation into the Borough of Worthing in 1902 Broadwater also included the manor of Offington to the North. It borders Tarring to the West, Sompting to the East, and East Worthing to the South East.

Henry Machyn was an English clothier and diarist in 16th century London.

At his death the baronies of West and De La Warr both 'fell into abeyance, according to modern doctrine', between the two daughters and co-heirs of his half-brother, Sir Owen West (d. 18 July 1551), eldest son of his father's third marriage to Eleanor Copley. [5] Sir Owen West married Mary Guildford, daughter of George Guildford, esquire, second son of Sir Richard Guildford, by whom he had two daughters: Mary West, who married firstly Sir Adrian Poynings (d. 15 February 1570), and secondly, as his second wife, Sir Richard Rogers (died c.1605); and Anne West. [6] [7] [8] [9]

Richard Guildford English courtier

Sir Richard Guildford, KG was an English courtier who held important positions at the court of Henry VII, including the office of Master of the Ordnance.

According to Cokayne: [7]

A new barony of de la Warr was subsequently conferred on the heir male (who was not the heir general), William West, 1st Baron De La Warr, whose son Thomas was allowed the precedence of the ancient Barony of la Warre.

William West, 1st Baron De La Warr of the second creation was the elder son of Sir George West (d.1538), second son of Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr, by his third wife, Eleanor Copley, and Elizabeth Morton, widow of Robert Walden, and daughter of Sir Robert Morton of Lechlade, Gloucestershire. He was nephew and adopted heir of his uncle of the half blood, Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr, eldest son of the 8th Baron's second wife, Elizabeth Mortimer.

West's heir male, William West, 1st Baron De La Warr, was the elder son of Sir George West (d.1538), second son of West's father's third marriage to Eleanor Copley. [6] [7] [9] According to Riordan: [4]

[In 1549 West] placed a private bill before parliament to disinherit his nephew William West, first Baron De La Warr (c.1519–1595). The latter was the son of the ninth baron's half-brother Sir George West of Warbleton (d. 1538) and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Morton of Lechlade, Gloucestershire. His uncle was childless, and had at some time adopted William as his heir. However, West tried to gain the de la Warr estate early by poisoning his uncle. The attempt was unsuccessful and he was in the Tower by October 1548. He was disinherited by an act of parliament in 1550, although he had been reinstated as heir by the time of his uncle's death.

Despite the fact that he had been reinstated as heir by his uncle, when the latter died in 1554 William West was unable to inherit the barony of de la Warr as a result of the Act of Parliament of 1550 which had deprived him of all honours. Two years later he was involved in the Dudley conspiracy, and on 30 June 1556 was arraigned at the Guildhall on charges of treason, to which he responded as 'William, Lord de la Warr', forcing the heralds to prove during the trial that he was not entitled to the barony and therefore not entitled to a trial by his peers in the House of Lords. He was convicted of treason. However the death sentence was not carried out, and in 1557 he was pardoned by Queen Mary. He fought at the siege of St. Quentin in that year, and in 1563, early in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, was restored in blood. On 5 February 1570 he was knighted, and on the same day created Baron De La Warr, which was regarded as a new creation of the title. [4]

Notes

  1. Richardson IV 2011, p. 320-2.
  2. Cokayne 1916, pp. 155–9.
  3. 1 2 Richardson IV 2011, p. 321.
  4. 1 2 3 Riordan 2004.
  5. Richardson IV 2011, pp. 320–3.
  6. 1 2 Cokayne 1916, p. 158.
  7. 1 2 3 Cokayne 1959, p. 522.
  8. Richardson II 2011, pp. 4–5.
  9. 1 2 Richardson IV 2011, p. 322.

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References

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas West
Baron De La Warr
1st creation
1525–1554
In abeyance
Baron West
1525–1554
In abeyance