Thomas Whetham (c. 1665 – 28 April 1741) was an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1722 and 1727.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
Whetham was born circa 1665, the first son of the barrister Nathaniel Whetham, of the Inner Temple. His grandfather was Colonel Nathaniel Whetham, who had served in the parliamentary army during the English Civil War.Thomas Whetham's mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Adrian Scrope of Wormesley, Oxfordshire. Thomas's father died in 1667, and he went on to enter military service, joining the 1st Foot as an ensign in 1685.
A barrister is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions. Barristers mostly specialise in courtroom advocacy and litigation. Their tasks include taking cases in superior courts and tribunals, drafting legal pleadings, researching the philosophy, hypothesis and history of law, and giving expert legal opinions. Often, barristers are also recognised as legal scholars.
The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as Inner Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be called to the Bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, an individual must belong to one of these Inns. It is located in the wider Temple area of the capital, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.
Nathaniel Whetham was an English baker and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1654 and 1659. He fought in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War.
He transferred to Sir James Lesley's Regiment of Foot in 1694 with the rank of captain lieutenant, and was promoted to captain later that year. He was serving with the 11th Foot as major sometime prior to 1700, and was then with the 27th Foot with the rank of colonel between 1702 and 1705.He was promoted to brigadier-general in 1707. He became Commander-in-Chief, Canada in 1709, was promoted to major-general in 1710 and was then appointed Commander-in-Chief, Scotland in 1712. His service had taken him to Scotland, the West Indies and Spain by this stage.
Captain lieutenant or captain-lieutenant is a military rank, used in a number of navies worldwide and formerly in the British Army. It is generally equivalent to the Commonwealth or US naval rank of lieutenant, and has the NATO rank code of OF-2, though this can vary.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2. The rank is equivalent to a lieutenant in the Royal Navy and to a flight lieutenant in the Royal Air Force. The rank of captain in the Royal Navy is considerably more senior and the two ranks should not be confused.
Major (Maj) is a military rank which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines. The rank is superior to captain, and subordinate to lieutenant colonel. The insignia for a major is a crown. The equivalent rank in the Royal Navy is lieutenant commander, and squadron leader in the Royal Air Force.
Whetham served under the Duke of Argyll during the Jacobite rising of 1715, commanding the left wing of the government army at the Battle of Sheriffmuir on 13 November 1715.He entered politics in 1722, contesting and being returned to sit for Barnstaple in 1722. He relinquished the seat in 1727 and did not stand for parliament again. He was appointed colonel of the 12th Foot in 1725, holding the appointment until his death. Further promotions followed, to lieutenant-general in 1727 and then general in 1739. He acquired the manors of Kirklington and Hockerton in Nottinghamshire for the sum of £25,000 some time around 1739, and in 1740 he became Governor of Berwick and Holy Island. He had married Mary, daughter of Edward Thompson of Marston, Yorkshire, with whom he had one son and one daughter. General Thomas Whetham died on 28 April 1741.
Field Marshal John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, 1st Duke of Greenwich,, styled Lord Lorne from 1680 to 1703, was a Scottish nobleman and senior commander in the British Army. He served on the continent in the Nine Years' War and fought at the Battle of Kaiserwerth during the War of the Spanish Succession. He went on to serve as a brigade commander during the later battles of the War of the Spanish Succession. Next he was given command of all British forces in Spain at the instigation of the Harley Ministry; after conducting a successful evacuation of the troops from Spain, he became Commander-in-Chief, Scotland. During the Jacobite Rebellion, he led the government army against the Jacobites led by the Earl of Mar at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. He went on to serve as Lord Steward and then Master-General of the Ordnance under the Walpole–Townshend Ministry.
The Jacobite rising of 1715, was the attempt by James Francis Edward Stuart to regain the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland for the exiled House of Stuart.
The Battle of Sheriffmuir was an engagement in 1715 at the height of the Jacobite rising in England and Scotland. The battlefield has been included in the Inventory of Historic Battlefields in Scotland and protected by Historic Scotland under the Scottish Historical Environment Policy of 2009. Sheriffmuir was and is a remote elevated plateau of heathland lying between Stirling and Auchterarder on the north fringe of the Ochil Hills.
Field Marshal Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet was a British cavalry officer. As a junior officer he fought at the Battle of Schellenberg and at the Battle of Blenheim during the War of the Spanish Succession. He was then asked the raise a regiment to combat the threat from the Jacobite rising of 1715. He also served with the Pragmatic Army under the Earl of Stair at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession. As a Member of Parliament he represented three different constituencies but never attained political office.
Field Marshal Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, PC, styled The Honourable Richard Molesworth from 1716 to 1726, was an Anglo-Irish military officer, politician and nobleman. He served with his regiment at the Battle of Blenheim before being appointed aide-de-camp to the Duke of Marlborough during the War of the Spanish Succession. During the Battle of Ramillies Molesworth offered Marlborough his own horse after Marlborough fell from the saddle. Molesworth then recovered his commander's charger and slipped away: by these actions he saved Marlborough's life. Molesworth went on Lieutenant of the Ordnance in Ireland and was wounded at the Battle of Preston during the Jacobite rising of 1715 before becoming Master-General of the Ordnance in Ireland and then Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Army.
Sir John Cope (1688–1760) was a British general and Member of Parliament in the first half of the 18th century.
William Dalrymple was a Scottish politician. He served as Commissioner for Ayrshire to the Parliament of Scotland, and as Member of Parliament (MP) in the Parliament of Great Britain.
General William Maule, 1st Earl Panmure (1700–1782) was a Scottish soldier and politician.
Sir James Campbell, 2nd Baronet of Ardkinglass, was a British Army officer and Scottish politician who sat in the Parliament of Scotland from 1703 to 1707 and in the British House of Commons from 1707 to 1741.
Brigadier-General John Middleton was a British Army officer and Scottish Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons almost continuously between 1713 and 1739.
The Hon. William Kerr was a British Army officer and Scottish politician who sat in the British House of Commons between 1710 and 1727.
Lieutenant-General Philip Anstruther was a Scottish soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1715 and 1754. He was a controversial Lieutenant-governor of Menorca.
Lieutenant-General Richard Onslow was a British army officer and politician. After the death of their parents, his older brother Arthur bought him a captain's commission in the British Army. He first saw action in the Anglo-Spanish War in 1727, after which he was returned to Parliament for the family borough of Guildford. His political contributions were negligible in comparison to his brother, and he continued to serve as a career officer, holding commands in the War of the Austrian Succession at Dettingen and Fontenoy. In 1759, he was appointed Governor of Plymouth and commander of the Western District, and died as a lieutenant-general the following year while presiding over two prominent courts-martial.
Sir Charles Wills was a British Army officer who took the surrender of the Jacobite army at Preston in 1715, and a politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1718 to 1741.
George Reade was a British Army officer, fourth son of Sir Edward Reade, 2nd Baronet.
Lieutenant-General Sir James Campbell KB, of Lawers, Perthshire was a Scottish officer of the British Army and onetime a Whig Member of the Parliament of Great Britain.
Lieutenant-General James Tyrrell of Shotover, Oxfordshire, was a British Army officer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1722 to 1742.
Lieutenant-General Sir John Bruce Hope, 7th Baronet Hope of Craighall was a Scottish soldier and politician.
Brigadier-General Thomas Paget was a British Army officer and the ancestor of the Paget family, Marquesses of Anglesey.
Major-General The Hon. William Herbert was a British Army officer and politician. He was the fifth son of Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke by his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Sawyer of Highclere.
Colonel John Selwyn of Matson, Gloucestershire, was a British Army officer, courtier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1715 and 1751.
Lieutenant-General Patrick Campbell, also known as Peter Campbell, was a Scottish politician from Kintyre in Argyll. He was also an officer in the British Army.
Thomas Leslie, of Stenton, Fife, was a British Army officer and Scottish politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1734 and 1761.
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Sir Hugh Acland
| Member of Parliament for Barnstaple |
With: Sir Hugh Acland
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