Thomas Whitaker Trenchard

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Thomas Whitaker Trenchard (December 13, 1863 – July 23, 1942) was an American lawyer and a Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court between 1906 and 1941. [1]

Trenchard was born on December 13, 1863 in Centreton, Pittsgrove Township, Salem County, New Jersey, the son of William B. and Marie G. Trenchard. He graduated South Jersey Institute in 1882 and was admitted to bar in 1886. He practiced at Bridgeton, New Jersey, where he also acted as City Solicitor from 1892-1899. He was Member House of Assembly in 1889 and Republican presidential elector in 1896. He married Harriet M. Manning on November 17, 1891. They resided in Bridgeton.

Centerton, Salem County, New Jersey Unincorporated community in New Jersey, United States

Centerton is an unincorporated community located within Pittsgrove Township, in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. County Route 540 is a major road that travels through Centerton and passes Centerton Pond. Route 55 provides access to Centerton, via exit 45. Centerton is approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Vineland in Cumberland County.

Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey Township in New Jersey, United States

Pittsgrove Township is a township in Salem County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 9,393, reflecting an increase of 500 (+5.6%) from the 8,893 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 772 (+9.5%) from the 8,121 counted in the 1990 Census.

Salem County, New Jersey County in the United States

Salem County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its western boundary is formed by the Delaware River and it has the eastern terminus of the Delaware Memorial Bridge, connecting to New Castle, Delaware. Its county seat is Salem. The county is part of the Delaware Valley area. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 62,792, making it the state's least populous county, representing a 5.0% decrease from the 66,083 enumerated at the 2010 Census, in turn increasing by 1,798 (+2.8%) from the 64,285 counted in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the state's least populous county. The most populous place was Pennsville Township, with 13,409 residents at the time of the 2010 Census. Lower Alloways Creek Township covers 72.46 square miles (187.7 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.

He was appointed law judge of Cumberland County by Governor of New Jersey Foster McGowan Voorhees in 1899 and reappointed by Governor Murphy in 1904. He was appointed Justice of Supreme Court on June 8, 1906 to fill a vacancy and for full term on January 15, 1907. He is well known for being the presiding judge in the high-profile trial of Richard Hauptmann for the Lindbergh kidnapping. He retired in 1941. [2] [3]

Cumberland County, New Jersey County in the United States

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 152,538, making it the state's 16th-largest county, representing a 2.8% decrease from the 156,898 enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, in turn increasing by 10,460 (+7.1%) from the 146,438 counted in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the state's 16th-most populous county. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland. The county was formally created from portions of Salem County as of January 19, 1748.

Governor of New Jersey head of state and of government of the U.S. state of New Jersey

The Governor of the State of New Jersey is head of the executive branch of New Jersey's state government. The office of governor is an elected position, for which elected officials serve four-year terms. Governors cannot be elected to more than two consecutive terms, but there is no limit on the total number of terms they may serve. The official residence for the governor is Drumthwacket, a mansion located in Princeton, New Jersey; the office of the governor is at the New Jersey State House in Trenton.

Foster McGowan Voorhees American politician

Foster McGowan Voorhees was an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 30th Governor of New Jersey from 1899 to 1902.

He died on July 23, 1942 at his home in Trenton [4] [5] and is buried at the Old Broad Street Presbyterian Church and Cemetery in Bridgeton. [6]

Trenton, New Jersey Capital of New Jersey

Trenton is the capital city of the U.S. state of New Jersey and the county seat of Mercer County. it briefly served as the capital of the United States in 1784. The city's metropolitan area is grouped with the New York metropolitan area by the United States Census Bureau, but it directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Philadelphia Combined Statistical Area and the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, Trenton had a population of 84,913, making it the state's tenth most populous municipality. The Census Bureau estimated that the city's population was 84,034 in 2014.

Old Broad Street Presbyterian Church and Cemetery

Old Broad Street Presbyterian Church and Cemetery is a historic church on Broad and Lawrence Streets in Bridgeton, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It was built in 1792 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. The church and cemetery are also listed on both the New Jersey Register

See also

Prior to 1947, the structure of the judiciary in New Jersey was extremely complex, including Court of Errors and Appeals in the last resort in all causes.

Courts of New Jersey

Courts of New Jersey include:

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References

  1. Birkner, Michael J.; Linky, Donald; Mickulas, Peter (10 February 2014). "The Governors of New Jersey: Biographical Essays". Rutgers University Press. Retrieved 26 June 2016 via Google Books.
  2. "South Jersey judge presided over Lindbergh Kidnapping Trial" . Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  3. Hauptmann Trial Judge Retires in Jersey at 77 January 25, 1941, The New York Times
  4. Rites for Ex-Judge Trenchard -Former Supreme Court Justice Thomas W. Trenchard, who sentenced Bruno Richard Hauptmann to the electric chair, The New York Times, July 28, 1942
  5. Falzini, Mark W. (1 November 2008). "Their Fifteen Minutes: Biographical Sketches of the Lindbergh Case". iUniverse. Retrieved 26 June 2016 via Google Books.
  6. "Thomas Whitaker Trenchard (1863 - 1942) - Find A Grave Memorial" . Retrieved 26 June 2016.