Thomas Whitmore (younger)

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Thomas Whitmore (c. 1742–1795), was a British soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons for 24 years from 1771 to 1795.

The House of Commons is the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada and historically was the name of the lower houses of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and Southern Ireland. Roughly equivalent bodies in other countries which were once part of the British Empire include the United States House of Representatives, the Australian House of Representatives, the New Zealand House of Representatives, and India's Lok Sabha.

Whitmore was the son of Charles Whitmore a wine merchant of Southampton and his wife Mary Kelly. He joined the army and was Ensign in the 9th Foot in 1759. In 1761 was serving in the Grenadier Guards. He became captain in the 9th Foot in 1762 and major in 1767. He married firstly his cousin Mary Whitmore daughter of Thomas Whitmore of Apley, formerly MP, in June 1770. [1]

Grenadier Guards infantry regiment of the British Army

The Grenadier Guards is an infantry regiment of the British Army. It can trace its lineage back to 1656 when Lord Wentworth's Regiment was raised in Bruges to protect the exiled Charles II. In 1665, this regiment was combined with John Russell's Regiment of Guards to form the current regiment, known as the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards. Since then, the regiment has filled both a ceremonial and protective role as well as an operational one. In 1900, the regiment provided a cadre of personnel to form the Irish Guards; while later, in 1915 it also provided the basis of the Welsh Guards upon their formation.

Sir Thomas Whitmore of Apley, near Bridgnorth, Shropshire, was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1734 to 1754.

In 1771 Whitmore was elected in a by-election as Member of Parliament for Bridgnorth, where a Whitmore was usually MP over two centuries. He succeeded to his uncle’s estate at Apley Hall in 1773 and retired from the army. By 1774 he was his own patron and his election was unopposed in the 1774 general election. His first wife died in 1776 and he married again in January 1780 to Mary Foley, daughter of Captain Thomas Foley RN of Stockton, Shropshire. He was returned again as MP for Bridgnorth and also for Much Wenlock in 1780 but chose to sit for Bridgnorth. Subsequently he was a member of the St. Alban's Tavern group which tried to bring together Pitt and Fox. He was returned for Bridgnorth again in 1784 and 1790. [1]

Bridgnorth was a parliamentary borough in Shropshire which was represented in the House of Commons of England from 1295 until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain until 1800, and in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until its abolition in 1885.

Apley Hall

Apley Hall is an English Gothic Revival house located in the parish of Stockton near Bridgnorth, Shropshire. The building was completed in 1811 with adjoining property of 180 acres (0.73 km2) of private parkland beside the River Severn. It was once home to the Whitmore, Foster and Avery families. The Hall is a Grade II* listed building claimed as one of the largest in the county of Shropshire.

1774 British general election

The 1774 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 14th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. Lord North's government was returned with a large majority. The opposition consisted of factions supporting the Marquess of Rockingham and the Earl of Chatham, both of whom referred to themselves as Whigs. North's opponents referred to his supporters as Tories, but no Tory party existed at the time and his supporters rejected the label.

Whitmore died aged 52 on 17 April 1795. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "WHITMORE, Thomas (?1742-95), of Apley, Salop". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 9 September 2017.

Sources

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Lord Pigot
William Whitmore
Member of Parliament for Bridgnorth
1771–1795
With: The Lord Pigot
Hugh Pigot
Isaac Hawkins Browne
Succeeded by
Isaac Hawkins Browne
John Whitmore
Preceded by
Sir Henry Bridgeman
George Forester
Member of Parliament for Much Wenlock
1780–1780
With: Sir Henry Bridgeman
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Bridgeman
George Forester