Thomas Whitworth

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Thomas Whitworth
Member of Parliament
for Drogheda
In office
15 March 1869 5 February 1874
Preceded by Benjamin Whitworth
Succeeded by William Hagarty O'Leary
Personal details
Born1844
Died1912 (aged 6768)
NationalityIrish
Political party Liberal

Thomas Whitworth (1844 – 1912) [1] was an Irish Liberal Party politician.

Irish people Ethnic group with Celtic and other roots, native to the island of Ireland, with shared history and culture

The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people. From the 9th century, small numbers of Vikings settled in Ireland, becoming the Norse-Gaels. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century (re)conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought many English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island, especially the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland and the smaller Northern Ireland. The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish or some combination thereof.

Whitworth was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Drogheda at a by-election in 1869—caused by the election of Benjamin Whitworth being declared void after an "organised system of intimidation and force" against the electorate—and held the seat until 1874 when he did not seek re-election. [2] [3]

Member of Parliament (United Kingdom) Voters representative in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, Member of Parliament (MP) is the title given to individuals elected to serve in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Drogheda was a parliamentary borough constituency in Ireland, which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801, replacing the Drogheda constituency in the Parliament of Ireland.

The Drogheda by-election of 1869 took place on 15 March 1869. The by-election arose following an election petition which unseated the incumbent MP, the Liberal Benjamin Whitworth.

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The Drogheda by-election of 1880 was fought on 2 March 1880. The byelection, to the United Kingdom House of Commons, arose through the death of the incumbent Home Rule League Member of Parliament, William Hagarty O'Leary. It was won by Benjamin Whitworth, who had previously sat for the seat as a Liberal but on this occasion announced that he supported the Home Rule cause. He had resigned his current seat, at Kilkenny, in order to run. He received 382 votes as against 181 for J. McCoan, candidate of the Home Rule League. It was reported that 150 Conservative voters had abstained in response to a circular from the party.

The Kilkenny City by-election of 1880 took place on 26 February 1880. It arose due to the resignation of the incumbent Liberal MP, Benjamin Whitworth, in order to contest Drogheda. A Mr. Doherty, from Dublin, went forward as a Home Rule candidate, but withdrew, since he had accepted some government contracts. The only candidate nominated was John Francis Smithwick, who was declared elected unopposed. Smithwick, although described in The Times as a Liberal, was known as strong supporter of Home Rule. Doherty ran against Smithwick in the general election, less than two months later, as a Home Rule candidate. Smithwick won by 318 votes to 204.

The Kilkenny City by-election of 1875 was fought on 28 April 1875. This arose due to the death of the incumbent Home Rule MP, John Gray.

References

  1. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
  2. Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN   0901714127.
  3. "The Drogheda Election Petition" . The Evening Freeman. 20 January 1869. p. 4. Retrieved 10 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Benjamin Whitworth
Member of Parliament for Drogheda
18691874
Succeeded by
William Hagarty O'Leary