Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro

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The Lord Truro

Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro by Thomas Youngman Gooderson.jpg
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
In office
15 July 1850 21 February 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
Preceded byIn Commission
Succeeded by Lord St Leonards
Personal details
Born7 July 1782 (1782-07-07)
Castle Street, London, England
Died11 November 1855(1855-11-11) (aged 73)
Eaton Square, London, England
Nationality British
Political party Whig

Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro, PC , QS (7 July 1782 – 11 November 1855) was a British lawyer, judge and politician. He was Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain between 1850 and 1852.


Background and education

Born in London, Truro was the second son of Thomas Wilde, an attorney and founder of Wilde Sapte, by his wife Mary Anne (née Knight). He was educated at St Paul's School and was admitted an attorney in 1805. He was the younger brother of Sir John Wylde. James Wilde, 1st Baron Penzance, was his nephew.

Wilde subsequently entered the Inner Temple and was called to the bar in 1817, having practised for two years before as a special pleader. Retained for the defence of Queen Caroline in 1820 he distinguished himself by his cross-examination and laid the foundation of an extensive common law practice. In 1824 he was made Serjeant-at-Law, and in 1827 King's Serjeant.

He first entered parliament in the Whig interest as member for Newark (1831–1832 and 1835–1841), afterwards representing Worcester (1841–1846). He was appointed Solicitor General in 1839, being knighted in 1840, [1] and became Attorney General in succession to Sir John Campbell in 1841. In 1846 he was appointed Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, an office he held until 1850, when he became Lord Chancellor, and was created Baron Truro, of Bowes in the County of Middlesex. [2] He held this latter office until the fall of the Russell ministry in 1852. [3]


Thomas Wilde's tomb in St Laurence's parish churchyard, Ramsgate, Kent Tomb of Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro.JPG
Thomas Wilde's tomb in St Laurence's parish churchyard, Ramsgate, Kent

Lord Truro married firstly Mary, widow of William Devaynes (1730–1809) and daughter of William Wileman, in 1813. They had three surviving children. After Mary's death in 1840 he married secondly Mademoiselle d'Este, Augusta Emma d'Este, daughter of Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex and a first cousin of Queen Victoria, on 13 August 1845. There were no children from this marriage. Lord Truro died in London in November 1855, aged 76, and was succeeded in the barony by his second but eldest surviving son, Charles. Lady Truro died in May 1866, aged 64.

Thomas Wilde is commemorated by a Blue plaque erected on the front of 2 Kelvin Avenue Bowes Park London N13 which reads: "Site of Bowes Manor THOMAS WILDE 1st BARON TRURO 1782 – 1855 LORD CHANCELLOR 1850 – 1852 LIVED HERE"

Wilde also lived at Truro House, Broomfield Park, Palmers Green London N13, a Grade II listed building which dates back to 1673.


Coat of arms of Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Truro Escutcheon.png
A hart lodged with a rose in its mouth Proper.
Ermine on a cross Sable a plate on a chief of the second three martlets Argent.
Two ermines Proper.
Equabiliter Et Diligenter (Steadily And Diligently) [4]


  1. "No. 19828". The London Gazette . 21 February 1840. p. 361.
  2. "No. 21117". The London Gazette . 16 July 1850. p. 1995.
  3. Chisholm 1911.
  4. Debrett's Peerage. 1865.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Michael Thomas Sadler
William Handley
Member of Parliament for Newark
With: William Handley
Succeeded by
William Ewart Gladstone
William Handley
Preceded by
Thomas Davies
Joseph Bailey
Member of Parliament for Worcester
With: Joseph Bailey
Succeeded by
Sir Denis Le Marchant, Bt
Joseph Bailey
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Rolfe
Solicitor General
Succeeded by
Sir William Webb Follett
Preceded by
Sir John Campbell
Attorney General
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Pollock
Preceded by
Sir Frederic Thesiger
Attorney General
Succeeded by
Sir John Jervis
Preceded by
Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Succeeded by
Sir John Jervis
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Cottenham
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Succeeded by
Lord St Leonards
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Truro
Succeeded by
Charles Wilde