Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro

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The Lord Truro

PC QS
Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro by Thomas Youngman Gooderson.jpg
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
In office
15 July 1850 21 February 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
Preceded byIn Commission
Succeeded by Lord St Leonards
Personal details
Born7 July 1782 (1782-07-07)
Castle Street, London, England
Died11 November 1858(1858-11-11) (aged 76)
Eaton Square, London, England
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s)
Mary Wileman
(m. 1813;died 1840)

Augusta d'Este
(m. 1845)

Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro, PC , QS (7 July 1782 – 11 November 1855) was a British lawyer, judge and politician. He was Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain between 1850 and 1852.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Lord Chancellor Highest-ranking regularly-appointed Great Officer of State of the United Kingdom

The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking the Prime Minister. The Lord Chancellor is outranked only by the Lord High Steward, another Great Officer of State, who is appointed only for the day of coronations. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister. Prior to the Union there were separate Lord Chancellors for England and Wales, for Scotland and for Ireland.

Contents

Background and education

Born in London, Truro was the second son of Thomas Wilde, an attorney and founder of Wilde Sapte, by his wife Mary Anne (née Knight). He was educated at St Paul's School and was admitted an attorney in 1805. He was the younger brother of Sir John Wylde. James Wilde, 1st Baron Penzance, was his nephew.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, and the largest city in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Sir John Wylde was Chief Justice of the Cape Colony, Cape of Good Hope and a judge of the Supreme Court of the colony of New South Wales born at Warwick Square, Newgate Street, London.

James Wilde, 1st Baron Penzance British judge and rose breeder

James Plaisted Wilde, 1st Baron Penzance, was a noted British judge and rose breeder who was also a proponent of the Baconian theory that the works usually attributed to William Shakespeare were in fact written by Francis Bacon.

Wilde subsequently entered the Inner Temple and was called to the bar in 1817, having practised for two years before as a special pleader. Retained for the defence of Queen Caroline in 1820 he distinguished himself by his cross-examination and laid the foundation of an extensive common law practice. In 1824 he was made Serjeant-at-Law, and in 1827 King's Serjeant.

Inner Temple one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as the Inner Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be called to the Bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, a person must belong to one of these Inns. It is located in the wider Temple area of the capital, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

The call to the bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to have received a "call to the bar". "The bar" is now used as a collective noun for barristers, but literally referred to the wooden barrier in old courtrooms, which separated the often crowded public area at the rear from the space near the judges reserved for those having business with the Court. Barristers would sit or stand immediately behind it, facing the judge, and could use it as a table for their briefs.

A special pleader was a historical legal occupation. The practitioner, or "special pleader" in English law specialised in drafting "pleadings", in modern terminology statements of case.

He first entered parliament in the Whig interest as member for Newark (1831–1832 and 1835–1841), afterwards representing Worcester (1841–1846). He was appointed Solicitor General in 1839, being knighted in 1840, [1] and became Attorney General in succession to Sir John Campbell in 1841. In 1846 he was appointed Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, an office he held until 1850, when he became Lord Chancellor, and was created Baron Truro, of Bowes in the County of Middlesex. [2] He held this latter office until the fall of the Russell ministry in 1852. [3]

Newark (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Newark is a constituency in Nottinghamshire, England. It is currently represented by Robert Jenrick of the Conservative Party who won the seat in a by-election on 5 June 2014, following the resignation of Patrick Mercer in April 2014.

Worcester (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Worcester is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Since 1885 it has elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election; from 1295 to 1885 it elected two MPs.

Solicitor General for England and Wales one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Attorney General

Her Majesty's Solicitor General for England and Wales, known informally as the Solicitor General, is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Attorney General, whose duty is to advise the Crown and Cabinet on the law. He or she can exercise the powers of the Attorney General in the Attorney General's absence.

Family

Thomas Wilde's tomb in St Laurence's parish churchyard, Ramsgate, Kent Tomb of Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro.JPG
Thomas Wilde's tomb in St Laurence's parish churchyard, Ramsgate, Kent

Lord Truro married firstly Mary, widow of William Devaynes (1730–1809) and daughter of William Wileman, in 1813. They had three surviving children. After Mary's death in 1840 he married secondly Mademoiselle d'Este, Augusta Emma d'Este, daughter of Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex and a first cousin of Queen Victoria, on 13 August 1845. There were no children from this marriage. Lord Truro died in London in November 1858, aged 76, and was succeeded in the barony by his second but eldest surviving son, Charles. Lady Truro died in May 1866, aged 64.

William Devaynes was an Africa trader, London banker, Government contractor, director of the East India Company, the Africa Company, the Globe Insurance Company, and the French Hospital and also five times Chairman of the East India Company. He was also for more than 26 years an undistinguished Member of Parliament in turn for Barnstaple and Winchelsea.

Augusta Emma dEste British noble

Augusta Emma Wilde, Baroness Truro was the daughter of Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, later Duke of Sussex, by his marriage with the Lady Augusta Murray, second daughter of John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, and his countess, Lady Charlotte Stewart.

Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex British prince

Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, was the sixth son and ninth child of King George III and his consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He was the only surviving son of George III who did not pursue an army or navy career. He was known for his liberal views, which included reform of Parliament, abolition of the slave trade, Catholic emancipation, and the removal of existing civil restrictions on Jews and dissenters.

Thomas Wilde is commemorated by a Blue plaque erected on the front of 2 Kelvin Avenue Bowes Park London N13 which reads: "Site of Bowes Manor THOMAS WILDE 1st BARON TRURO 1782 – 1855 LORD CHANCELLOR 1850 – 1852 LIVED HERE"

Blue plaque marker commemorating a link between a location and a person or event

A blue plaque is a permanent sign installed in a public place in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to commemorate a link between that location and a famous person, event, or former building on the site, serving as a historical marker. The term is used in the United Kingdom in two different senses. It may be used narrowly and specifically to refer to the "official" scheme administered by English Heritage, and currently restricted to sites within Greater London; or it may be used less formally to encompass a number of similar schemes administered by organisations throughout the UK.

Bowes Park human settlement in United Kingdom

Bowes Park is situated on the borders of Wood Green, Palmers Green and Bounds Green in London, England. The postcodes for Bowes Park are N22 and N13. The border between the London boroughs of Enfield and Haringey goes through the area. Bowes Park "village" is defined as the triangle area between Bounds Green Road / Brownlow Rd, Green Lanes down to Trinity Road and the A406

Wilde also lived at Truro House, Broomfield Park, Palmers Green London N13, a Grade II listed building which dates back to 1673.

Notes

  1. "No. 19828". The London Gazette . 21 February 1840. p. 361.
  2. "No. 21117". The London Gazette . 16 July 1850. p. 1995.
  3. Chisholm 1911.

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References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Michael Thomas Sadler
William Handley
Member of Parliament for Newark
18311832
With: William Handley
Succeeded by
William Ewart Gladstone
William Handley
Preceded by
Thomas Davies
Joseph Bailey
Member of Parliament for Worcester
18411847
With: Joseph Bailey
Succeeded by
Sir Denis Le Marchant, Bt
Joseph Bailey
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Monsey Rolfe
Solicitor General
1839–1841
Succeeded by
Sir William Webb Follett
Preceded by
Sir John Campbell
Attorney General
1841
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Pollock
Preceded by
Sir Frederic Thesiger
Attorney General
1846
Succeeded by
Sir John Jervis
Preceded by
Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1846–1850
Succeeded by
Sir John Jervis
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Cottenham
Lord Chancellor
1850–1852
Succeeded by
Lord St Leonards
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Truro
1850–1855
Succeeded by
Charles Wilde