Thomas Willeboirts Bosschaert

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Thomas Willeboirts Bosschaert

Willeboirts bosschaert zelfportrait.jpg

'Thomas Willeboirts Bosschaert selfportrait 1637.
BornThomas Willeboirts Bosschaert
Bergen op Zoom
Died(1654-01-23)23 January 1654
Nationality Belgium
Known for Painting
Movement Baroque

Thomas Willeboirts Bosschaert (1613 – 23 January 1654) was a Dutch-born Flemish Baroque painter.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Including three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.



Willeboirts Bosschaert was born in Bergen op Zoom, where his Catholic family had moved in the late sixteenth century. He moved to Antwerp in 1628, and entered the studio of Gerard Seghers for eight years. In 1636 or 1637 he became an Antwerp citizen and joined the Guild of St. Luke. He died in Antwerp.

Gerard Seghers Flemish Baroque painter

Gerard Seghers was a Flemish painter, art collector and art dealer. After a period of study of study and residence in Rome, he returned to Flanders where he became one of the leading representatives of the Flemish Caravaggisti movement. In his later career he abandoned the Caravaggist style and genre motifs to become an important painter of large altarpieces for local churches.


His style was heavily influenced by Anthony van Dyck, both in history and portrait, leading some scholars to suggest that Willeboirts might have studied in that studio. [1] The artist ran his own studio with at least nine known pupils, and collaborated with other artists of the time such as Daniel Seghers, Paul de Vos, Jan Fyt, Jan van den Hoecke, Frans Snyders and Adriaen van Utrecht, as well as with Peter Paul Rubens on the decoration series for Philip IV of Spain's Torre de la Parada (1636–1638). Between 1641 and 1647 he also worked for the Dutch stadtholder Frederik Hendrik of Orange. Hendrik's widow, Amalia von Solms also commissioned a work from Willeboirts for the decorations of the Oranjezaal (Orange Room) in the Huis ten Bosch, a decorative program that included both Dutch and Flemish masters. In 1653, a competition was held in Antwerp between him and Cornelis Schut to create an altarpiece with money that had been allocated for Van Dyck before his death. Schut's painting, The Martyrdom of St. George (Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp), won. [2]

Anthony van Dyck 17th-century Flemish Baroque artist

Sir Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England after success in the Southern Netherlands and Italy.

Daniel Seghers Jesuit brother, painter

Daniël Seghers or Daniel Seghers was a Flemish Jesuit brother and painter who specialized in flower still lifes. He is particularly well known for his contributions to the genre of "flower garland" painting. His paintings were collected enthusiastically by aristocratic patrons and he had numerous followers and imitators.

Paul de Vos Flemish painter

Paul de Vos was a Flemish Baroque painter who specialized in mainly in compositions of animals, hunting scenes and still lifes. He worked for an elite clientele and was a regular collaborator of leading Antwerp painters such as Anthony van Dyck and Peter Paul Rubens.

Willeboirts made the grisaille centerpieces for two of Daniel Seghers garland paintings. For one of these Seghers was awarded with a solid gold maulstick, and Willeboirts was given a hundred guilders. [3]

<i>Grisaille</i> painting in shades of gray

A grisaille is a painting executed entirely in shades of grey or of another neutral greyish colour. It is particularly used in large decorative schemes in imitation of sculpture. Many grisailles include a slightly wider colour range, like the Andrea del Sarto fresco illustrated. Paintings executed in brown are referred to as brunaille, and paintings executed in green are called verdaille.


A mahlstick, or maulstick, is a stick with a soft leather or padded head used by painters to support the hand holding the paintbrush. The word derives from the German and Dutch Malstock or maalstok 'painter's stick', from malen 'to paint'.


  1. Hans Vlieghe. "Thoughts on Van Dyck's Early Fame and Influence in Flanders," in: Van Dyck 350. Studies in the History of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, vol. 46, edited by Susan J. Barnes and Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994, pp. 210, 214.
  2. Frans Baudouin, "Van Dyck's Last Religious Commission: An Altarpiece for Antwerp Cathedral," in Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 57. (1994), p. 187.
  3. The Collection of Frederick Henry of Orange and Amalia van Solms, Princely Patrons, 1998
  4. This was the painting Constantijn Huygens referred to in Huygens praise of Seghers's painted flowers (in Latin), IN PRAESTANTISSIMI PICTORIS DAN. SEGHERI ROSAS.

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