Thomas William Hislop
Portrait of Thomas Hislop in 1908
|New Zealand Legislative Council|
2 September 1921 –2 October 1925
|21st Colonial Secretary of New Zealand|
8 October 1887 –10 September 1889
|Governor|| William Jervois |
James Prendergast (acting)
The Earl of Onslow
|8th Minister of Education|
9 July 1889 –10 September 1889
17 October 1889 –24 January 1891
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament |
10 January 1876 –28 April 1880
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament |
20 May 1885 –3 October 1890
|16th Mayor of Wellington|
|Born||8 April 1850|
|Died||2 October 1925 75) (aged|
Wellington, New Zealand
|Resting place||Karori Cemetery, Wellington|
|Spouse(s)||Annie Hislop (née Simpson; m. 1873–1909)|
Louis Hislop (née Smith; m. 1922–1925)
|Residence||Hayes Court, Wellington|
|Alma mater||University of Otago|
|Occupation||barrister and solicitor; politician|
|Cabinet||Atkinson Ministry, 1887–1891|
Thomas William Hislop (8 April 1850 – 2 October 1925) was the Mayor of Wellington from 1905 to 1908, and had represented two South Island electorates in the New Zealand Parliament.
He was born in Kirknewton, West Lothian in 1850. His father, John Hislop,was the first secretary for Education in New Zealand. The family left Scotland in 1856 on the Strathmore and landed in Port Chalmers. They settled in East Taieri. He was educated by his father until the age of twelve, and then attended John Shaw's Grammar School (Albany Street, Dunedin), Dunedin High School and University of Otago, where he studied law. He was admitted as a barrister and solicitor in 1871, only a few months after his teacher from Shaw's Grammar, Robert Stout (who later became Premier and then Chief Justice). He practised as a lawyer in Oamaru (in a firm where he was a colleague of Stout ), in which town he resided until 1890. After the 1890 election defeat, he moved to Wellington, where he became a partner in the legal firm of Brandon and Hislop (later Brandon, Hislop and Johnston) with Alfred Brandon.
Kirknewton is a village formerly in the county of Midlothian and, since 1975, in West Lothian, Scotland. The population of the Kirknewton Community Council district is 2200, which includes the village and surrounding areas. It lies south of the A71 from Edinburgh to Livingston, and north of the A70, the high-level road that runs along the north side of the Pentland Hills from Edinburgh to Carnwath and Lanark. Much of the village stands back from the B7031, which links the two main "A" roads.
John Hislop was a New Zealand teacher, school inspector, educationalist and public servant. He was born in Lasswade, Midlothian, Scotland on 7 December 1821. His son, Thomas William Hislop, became Minister of Education.
Port Chalmers is a suburb and the main port of the city of Dunedin, New Zealand, with a population of 3,000. Port Chalmers lies ten kilometres inside Otago Harbour, some 15 kilometres northeast from Dunedin's city centre.
|New Zealand Parliament|
He was first elected for the Waitaki electorate in the 1876 general election, and was re-elected in 1879. He resigned on 28 April 1880 "for private reasons".He then represented Oamaru from an 1885 by-election to 1889, when he resigned from his two ministerial portfolios (effective 10 September 1889) and his parliamentary seat (effective 4 September 1889) over the Ward–Hislop Affair. He won the resulting 1889 by-election, but was defeated by Thomas Young Duncan at the next general election in 1890. He contested the 1896 general election in the Wellington Suburbs electorate, but was defeated by Thomas Wilford, with 2194 to 1942 votes. An election petition was filed one month after the election, accusing Wilford of bribery, illegal practices and not being properly registered as a voter himself. Therefore, it was argued, that only Hislop was properly registered, and should thus be returned. Wilford's election was declared invalid, but a by-election was called. Hislop declared that he would not stand in the by-election in favour of the opposition candidate Arthur Richmond Atkinson, who had come forth in the three-member Wellington electorate. Charles Wilson from the Liberal Party narrowly defeated Atkinson in the 1897 by-election, though.
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–1876 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
The New Zealand general election of 1879 was held between 28 August and 15 September 1879 to elect a total of 88 MPs to the 7th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 8 September. A total of 82,271 (66.5%) European voters turned out to vote, plus 14,553 Māori voters. Following the election, John Hall formed a new government.
He was a member of the Atkinson Ministry from 1887 to 1891, holding posts as Colonial Secretary and Minister of Education.The education portfolio filled Hislop with great pleasure, as he was thus following in his father's footsteps, as he had been the author of the Education Act. Hislop drafted the Fair Rent Bill, which was introduced by the fifth Atkinson Ministry, and passed through the Lower House. He also introduced labour bills, factory and shop hours, and employers’ liability bills, also building liens and the Truck Act, which, however, were not passed. He was successful in passing the Shipping and Seamen's Act. He also affected some useful legal reforms, and introduced the Representation Bill, a measure based on the Hare system, but this was withdrawn. Hislop's political views were on the left of the spectrum.
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson served as the tenth Premier of New Zealand on four separate occasions in the late 19th century, and was Colonial Treasurer for a total of ten years. He was responsible for guiding the country during a time of economic depression, and was known as a cautious and prudent manager of government finances, though distrusted for some radical policies such as his 1882 National Insurance (welfare) scheme and leasehold land schemes. He also participated in the formation of voluntary military units to fight in the New Zealand Wars, and was noted for his strong belief in the need for seizure of Māori land.
The Minister of Education is a minister in the government of New Zealand with responsibility for the country's schools, and is in charge of the Ministry of Education.
Instant-runoff voting (IRV) is a type of ranked preferential voting method used in single-seat elections with more than two candidates. Instead of indicating support for only one candidate, voters in IRV elections can rank the candidates in order of preference. Ballots are initially counted for each voter's top choice. If a candidate has more than half of the vote based on first-choices, that candidate wins. If not, then the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. The voters who selected the defeated candidate as a first choice then have their votes added to the totals of their next choice. This process continues until a candidate has more than half of the votes. When the field is reduced to two, it has become an "instant runoff" that allows a comparison of the top two candidates head-to-head. Compared to plurality voting, IRV can reduce the impact of vote-splitting when multiple candidates earn support from like-minded voters.
As a minister, he was involved in the 1889 Paris Exposition. For that, and for his services to education in general, he was honoured by the French Government with a Legion of Honour.
The Exposition Universelle of 1889 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 6 May to 31 October 1889.
The Legion of Honour is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte and retained by all later French governments and régimes.
Hislop unsuccessfully contested the three-member Wellington electorate in the 1899 election.He contested the Newtown electorate in both the 1902 and 1905 elections. In 1902, the electorate was contested by William Henry Peter Barber, Hislop, Charles Luke, William Chapple and William George Tustin. They received 1385, 1357, 1100, 1017 and 159 votes, respectively. John Crewes had initially also contested the election, but he withdrew his nomination before polling day. The 1905 election was contested by William Henry Peter Barber, Hislop, William Chapple and Alfred Hindmarsh. They received 3231, 2018, 1795 and 383 votes, respectively.
Wellington, was a parliamentary electorate in Wellington, New Zealand. It existed from 1853 to 1905 with a break in the 1880s. It was a multi-member electorate. The electorate was represented, over the years, by 24 Members of Parliament.
The New Zealand general election of 1899 was held on 6 and 19 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 14th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was again won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon remained Prime Minister.
Newtown was a parliamentary electorate in Wellington, New Zealand from 1902 to 1908.
Hislop was Mayor of Wellington from 1905 to 1908.
He was a Member of the Legislative Council from 1921 until his death.
Hislop's last residence was Hayes Court in Aurora Terrace, Wellington.It was once described as the "most valuable residential property in the city of Wellington".
Hislop married Annie Simpson on 18 February 1873 at Knox Church in Dunedin.They had two sons and three daughters. His first wife died in 1909. His son Thomas Hislop was Mayor of Wellington from 1931 to 1944.
On 27 May 1922 at St Johns Church in Willis Street, he married Marguerite Estelle Louis Smith (known as Louis Smith) of Wellington.
Hislop died on 2 October 1925 at his residence.He was buried at Karori Cemetery in Wellington on 5 October of that year. He was survived by his second wife and his children.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas William Hislop .|
| Colonial Secretary of New Zealand |
| Minister of Education |
William Pember Reeves
| Mayor of Wellington |
|New Zealand Parliament|
| Member of Parliament for Waitaki |
Served alongside: Samuel Shrimski
| Member of Parliament for Oamaru |
Thomas Young Duncan