Thomas William McDonald

Last updated

Thomas William McDonald
Thomas William McDonald.jpg
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Wairarapa
In office
14 November 1928 2 December 1931
Preceded by Alexander McLeod
Succeeded byAlexander McLeod
Personal details
Born1869
Tasmania, Australia
Died14 August 1968
New Zealand
Political party United
Spouse(s)Amy Gertrude McDonald

Thomas William McDonald (1869 – 14 August 1968), sometimes known as Colonel Mac, was a United Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

The United Party of New Zealand, a party formed out of the remnants of the Liberal Party, formed a government between 1928 and 1935, and in 1936 merged with the Reform Party to establish the National Party.

Contents

Biography

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateParty
1928 1931 23rd Wairarapa United

McDonald was born in 1869 [1] in Tasmania. [2] From 1905 to 1907, he was Mayor of Lower Hutt. [2] [3]

Tasmania island state of Australia

Tasmania is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait. The state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands. The state has a population of around 526,700 as of March 2018. Just over forty percent of the population resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, which forms the metropolitan area of the state capital and largest city, Hobart.

Now known as Hutt City, the borough and, subsequently, city of Lower Hutt, New Zealand, was first proclaimed a borough on 1 February 1891. Prior to this it had been part of Hutt County, initially as a Roads Board and from 1881 as a Town Board. Since 2010, the mayor has been Ray Wallace.

He was married to Amy Gertrude McDonald and in 1914, they were living in Dunedin's Queen Street. [4] Prior to World War I, he was Lieutenant Colonel and in charge of the Otago Infantry Battalion, which trained at Tahuna Park in Dunedin. [5] During the war, he rose to the rank of colonel, and was sometimes known as Colonel Mac. Having fought in Egypt, he returned to New Zealand before the end of the war due to sickness. He was one of the driving forces behind having a clubhouse established in Dunedin for the Returned Services' Association. [2]

Dunedin City in Otago, New Zealand

Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region. Its name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.

Colonel is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks. However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations.

Royal New Zealand Returned and Services Association organization

The Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association, best known simply as the RSA, is one of the largest voluntary welfare organisations in New Zealand and one of the oldest ex-service organisations in the world.

The death of Walter Powdrell triggered a by-election in the Patea electorate. McDonald announced his intention to stand for the Reform Party and travelled to Hawera. The Reform Party chose Edwin Dixon, the Mayor of Hawera, as their official candidate, and it was said that Clutha Mackenzie was the party's second preference. Consequently, McDonald left again without contesting the by-election. [6] [7] During 1922, it became known that McDonald intended to move to Wellington and he received a requisition to stand in the Wellington East electorate in the 1922 election. He was one of four candidates, stood as an independent, and came third with some 18% of the votes. [8] He was unanimously elected by the United Party to contest the Wairarapa electorate in the 1928 election, [9] and he defeated the incumbent Alexander McLeod of the Reform Party. [10] In the 1931 election, McLeod in turn defeated McDonald. [10] In 1935 he stood again for the Wairarapa seat as the newly formed Democrat Party's candidate. He placed third out of four candidates. [11]

Walter Dutton Powdrell was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

Patea is a former New Zealand electorate in south Taranaki. It existed from 1893 to 1963.

Hawera Place in Taranaki, New Zealand

Hawera is the second-largest town in the Taranaki region of New Zealand's North Island, with a population of 12,150. It is near the coast of the South Taranaki Bight. The origins of the town lie in a government military base that was established in 1866, and the town of Hawera grew up around a blockhouse in the early 1870s.

McDonald died in 1968. [1]

Notes

  1. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 214.
  2. 1 2 3 "A Clash of The Clans". NZ Truth (1204). 27 December 1928. p. 4. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  3. McGill 1991, pp. 119–120.
  4. "Cenotaph Record". Auckland War Memorial Museum . Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  5. Byrne 1921, p. 6.
  6. "The Patea Seat". Hawera & Normanby Star. XLI. 15 March 1921. p. 7. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  7. "Patea By-Election". The New Zealand Herald . LVIII (17734). 19 March 1921. p. 6. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  8. Hislop, J. (1923). The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. p. 4. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  9. "The United Party". The Evening Post . CVI (78). 10 October 1928. p. 11. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  10. 1 2 Wilson 1985, pp. 214, 217.
  11. The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.

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References

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New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Alexander McLeod
Member of Parliament for Wairarapa
1928–1931
Succeeded by
Alexander McLeod
Political offices
Preceded by
Orton Stevens
Mayor of Lower Hutt
1901–1905
Succeeded by
Thomas Alexander Peterkin