Thomas William Saunders

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Thomas William Saunders (1814–1890), was an English metropolitan police magistrate.

Magistrate Officer of the state, usually judge

The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law. In ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest ranking government officers, and possessed both judicial and executive powers. In other parts of the world, such as China, a magistrate was responsible for administration over a particular geographic area. Today, in some jurisdictions, a magistrate is a judicial officer who hears cases in a lower court, and typically deals with more minor or preliminary matters. In other jurisdictions, magistrates may be volunteers without formal legal training who perform a judicial role with regard to minor matters.



Saunders, second son of Samuel E. Saunders of Bath, by Sarah, his wife, was born on 21 February 1814. He was entered a student at the Middle Temple on 16 April 1832, and called to the bar on 9 June 1837. From 1855 to October 1860 he was recorder of Dartmouth, and from that date to 1878 recorder of Bath. For some years he was a revising barrister, and in December 1872 became a commissioner for hearing municipal election petitions. Richard Assheton Cross appointed him a metropolitan police magistrate on 2 September 1878, and he sat at the Thames police-court until his resignation a few days before his death.

Bath, Somerset City in Somerset, England

Bath is the largest city in the county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths. In 2011, the population was 88,859. Bath is in the valley of the River Avon, 97 miles (156 km) west of London and 11 miles (18 km) south-east of Bristol. The city became a World Heritage site in 1987.

Middle Temple one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known simply as Middle Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court exclusively entitled to call their members to the English Bar as barristers, the others being the Inner Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn. It is located in the wider Temple area of London, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

Dartmouth, Devon Town in Devon, England

Dartmouth is a town and civil parish in the English county of Devon. It is a tourist destination set on the western bank of the estuary of the River Dart, which is a long narrow tidal ria that runs inland as far as Totnes. It lies within the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and South Hams district, and had a population of 5,512 in 2001, reducing to 5,064 at the 2011 census There are two electoral wards in the Dartmouth area. Their combined population at the above census was 6,822.

He died at Bournemouth on 28 February 1890, having married, on 16 August 1854, Frances Gregory, daughter of William Galpine of Newport, Isle of Wight, by whom he had children - William Edgar Saunders (b 1856) a barrister and author, Edward Francis Saunders(b 1858), Emma Maria Saunders(b 1860), Walter John Tite Saunders(b 1862) a Royal Navy Captain awarded the DSO, George Arthur Slack Saunders (b 1864), Frances Beatrice Saunders (b 1869)

Bournemouth Town in England

Bournemouth is a coastal resort town on the south coast of England, east of the 96-mile-long (155 km) Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 183,491, making it the largest in Dorset. With Poole to the west and Christchurch in the east, Bournemouth is part of the South East Dorset conurbation, which has a population of 465,000.

Newport, Isle of Wight county town of the Isle of Wight

Newport is the county town of the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England. The town is in the civil parish of Newport and Carisbrooke. The civil parish had a population of 23,957 at the time of the 2001 census, rising to 25,496 at the 2011 census. The town is slightly north of the centre of the Island. It has a quay at the head of the navigable section of the River Medina, which flows northward to Cowes and the Solent.


He was author of:

1. The Law of Assault and Battery, 1841.
2. A Collection of all the Statutes in force relating to Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales, 1843.
3. The Practice of Summary Convictions before Justices of the Peace, 1846.
4. The Administration of Justice Acts and the Act to protect Justices from Vexatious Actions, 2nd ed. 1848.
5. Supplements to Burn's Justice of the Peace, 1848, 1849, 1851, 3 vols.
6. The Nuisance Removal and Disease Prevention Acts, 2nd ed. 1849; 3rd ed. 1854.
7. The Law and Practice of Orders of Affiliation and Proceedings in Bastardy, 2nd ed. 1850; 7th ed. 1878; and the 8th and 9th ed. with his son W. E. Saunders, 1884 and 1888.
8. The Militia Act, with Notes and Index, 1852; 3rd ed. 1855.
9. The Duties and Liabilities of Justices of the Peace, 1852.
10. The Law and Practice of Municipal Registration and Election, 1854; 2nd ed. 1873.
11. The Practice of Magistrates' Courts, 1st ed. 1855 (forming vol. i. of The Complete Practice of the Laws of England); 2nd ed. 1858; 4th ed. 1873.
12. The Counties Police Acts, 1856; 2nd ed. 1859.
13. The Rise and Progress of Criminal Jurisprudence in England, 1858.
14. The Refreshment Houses and Wine Licenses Act, 1860.
15. The Union Assessment Committee Act, 1862.
16. Quarter and Petty Sessions: a Letter to Sir George Grey, 1863.
17. Statistics of Crime and Criminals in England, 1864.
18. The Prison Act of 1865, 1865.
19. A Treatise upon the Law applicable to Negligence, London, 1871; Cincinnati, 1872.
20. Precedents of Indictments, 1872; 2nd ed., with W. E. Saunders, 1889.
21. A Treatise on the Law of Warranties, 1874.
22. The Summary Jurisdiction Act, 1879.
23. The Public Health Act, 1875.
24. Municipal Corporations Act, 1882.

With R. G. Welford, Saunders compiled Reports of Cases in the Law of Real Property, 1846. With Henry Thomas Cole, Saunders compiled Bail Court Reports, 1847–1849, 2 vols. With E. W. Cox, Saunders compiled Reports of County Court Cases’ 1852, and The Criminal Law Consolidation Acts, 1861 (2nd edit. 1862, 3rd edit. 1870). With his son W. E. Saunders, Saunders compiled The Law as applicable to the Criminal Offences of Children and Young Persons, 1887.

Henry Thomas Cole was a Liberal Party politician.

He edited Joseph Chitty's Summary of the Offices and Duties of Constables, 3rd edit. 1844; The Magistrate's Year Book, 1860; George Colwell Oke's Magisterial Formulist, 5th ed. 1876 (6th ed. 1881); and Oke's Magisterial Synopsis, 12th ed. 1876 (13th ed. 1881).

Joseph Chitty was an English lawyer and legal writer, author of some of the earliest practitioners' texts and founder of an important dynasty of lawyers.

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The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.