Thomas Edward Williams, 1st Baron Williams (26 July 1892 – 18 February 1966), was a peer of the United Kingdom.
The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until 1898.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
Williams attended Porth County School, and later Ruskin College. He moved to London and joined the Labour Party, and in 1919 was elected to Woolwich Metropolitan Borough Council. He stood unsuccessfully for the party in Finsbury at the 1931 UK general election, and that year was elected to the party's National Executive Committee (NEC).
Porth is a town and a community in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf, within the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan, Wales, lying in the Rhondda Valley and is regarded as the gateway to the Rhondda Fawr and Rhondda Fach valleys because both valleys meet at Porth. The Welsh word "porth" means "gate". Porth is a predominantly English-speaking community.
Ruskin College, originally known as Ruskin Hall, Oxford, is an independent educational institution in Oxford, England. It is named after the essayist and social critic John Ruskin (1819–1900) and specialises in providing educational opportunities for adults with few or no qualifications. The college is an affiliate of the University of Oxford; this relationship allows students special privileges such as attending lectures and the use of most facilities.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights.
In 1932, Williams was elected to London County Council, representing Camberwell North; on this council, he chaired the Parliamentary Committee. He left the council and the NEC in 1935, and focused on the co-operative movement, serving as president of the Co-operative Wholesale Society, the central executive of the Co-operative Union, as chair of the English and Scottish Joint Co-operative Wholesale Society, and as president of the Co-operative Congress in 1952/53.
London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London throughout its existence from 1889 to 1965, and the first London-wide general municipal authority to be directly elected. It covered the area today known as Inner London and was replaced by the Greater London Council. The LCC was the largest, most significant and most ambitious English municipal authority of its day.
Camberwell North was a constituency used for elections to the London County Council between 1889 and 1949. The seat shared boundaries with the UK Parliament constituency of the same name.
The Co-operative Congress is the national conference of the UK Co-operative Movement. The first of the modern congresses took place in 1869 following a series of meetings called the "Owenite Congress" in the 1830s. Members of Co-operatives UK send delegates to the annual congress, where reports of national bodies are made and debates held on subjects of importance to the Co-operative Movement. The meetings also include the Annual General Meeting of Co-operatives UK.
He was ennobled on 24 June 1948 as Baron Williams, of Ynyshir in the County of Glamorgan.The peerage became extinct on his death in 1966. He was also made a Commander of the Order of Dannebrog.
Ynyshir is a village and community located in the Rhondda Valley, within Rhondda Cynon Taf, South Wales. Ynyshir is pronounced (ənɪs-hiːr) according to the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and means "long island" in Welsh. The village takes its name from a farm in the area, falling within the historic parishes of Ystradyfodwg and Llanwynno (Llanwonno). The community of Ynyshir lies between the small adjoining village of Wattstown and the larger town of neighbouring Porth.
Glamorgan, or sometimes Glamorganshire, is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales. It was originally an early medieval petty kingdom of varying boundaries known as Glywysing until taken over by the Normans as a lordship. Glamorgan is latterly represented by the three preserved counties of Mid Glamorgan, South Glamorgan and West Glamorgan. The name also survives in that of Vale of Glamorgan, a county borough.
The National Executive Committee (NEC) is the governing body of the UK Labour Party, setting the overall strategic direction of the party and policy development.
David George Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere PC DL is a British Labour politician, former cabinet minister and author.
Baron Rea, of Eskdale in the County of Cumberland, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1937 for the businessman and Liberal politician Sir Walter Rea, 1st Baronet, who had earlier represented Scarborough, Bradford North and Dewsbury in the House of Commons. He had already been created a Baronet, of Eskdale in the County of Cumberland, in 1935. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baron. During the Second World War he served as personal staff officer to Brigadier Colin Gubbins, the Head of SOE, a key British intelligence and guerrilla operations agency. Lord Rea served as Leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Lords from 1955 to 1967. His daughter, the Right Hon. Ann Felicity Rea, married SOE veteran Malcolm Munthe in 1945. As of 2018 the titles are held by the second Baron's nephew, the third Baron, who succeeded in 1981. He is a physician. Lord Rea is one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, and sits on the Labour benches.
Terence James Thomas, Baron Thomas of Macclesfield, was a British politician and banker, member of the Labour and Co-operative parties.
Leonard Henry Courtney, 1st Baron Courtney of Penwith, PC was a radical British politician, and an academic, who became famous after being advocate of proportional representation in Parliament and acting as an opponent of imperialism and militarism.
Caroline Selina Ganley, CBE, JP was an English Labour Co-operative Party politician.
Jeremy Hugh Beecham, Baron Beecham is a British Labour politician and a senior figure in English local government. He was leader of Newcastle City Council and the first Chairman of the Local Government Association. He was the elected Chairman of the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party. He is Jewish, and a board member of the New Israel Fund in the UK.
John Edward Tomlinson, Baron Tomlinson, is a British Labour Co-operative politician. He is currently a life peer in the House of Lords, and was previously a Member of Parliament from 1974 to 1979, and a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from 1984 to 1999.
George Darling, Baron Darling of Hillsborough, PC was a politician in the United Kingdom. He was Labour Co-operative Member of Parliament for Sheffield Hillsborough from 1950 to 1974.
Geoffrey Clegg Hutchinson, Baron Ilford QC, MC, TD was a British soldier, a barrister and Conservative Party politician.
George Richard Hodges Nugent, Baron Nugent of Guildford,, known as Sir Richard Nugent, 1st Baronet between 1960 and 1966, was a British Conservative politician.
Robert Craigmyle Morrison, 1st Baron Morrison was a British Labour Co-operative politician.
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Henry Cohen, 1st Baron Cohen of Birkenhead was a British physician, doctor and lecturer. He was famous for his Harveian Oration at the Royal College of Physicians in 1970, on the motion of blood in the veins. Cohen was elected to the chair of medicine at the University of Liverpool in 1934. When the Central Health Services Council was formed in 1949, he became its vice-chairman, and chairman in 1957. Knighted in 1949, he was President of the British Medical Association from 1951. After a coronary thrombosis in the following year, Cohen decided to devote his life to the greater work of teaching. He was raised to the peerage as Baron Cohen of Birkenhead, of Birkenhead in the County Palatine of Chester, on 16 June 1956 and was elected President of the General Medical Council in 1961. In 1964, he became President of the Royal Society of Medicine, receiving the society's gold medal in 1971. He also opened the assembly hall of the King David School, Liverpool.
Arthur Shirley Benn, 1st Baron Glenravel,, known as Sir Arthur Benn, Bt, between 1926 and 1936, was a British businessman and politician.
James Mortimer Peddie, Baron Peddie, MBE was a British businessman and politician, a leading figure in the UK co-operative movement.
John Gallacher, Baron Gallacher was a British co-operative official and politician.
George Lennox ("Len") Fyfe, Baron Fyfe of Fairfield was a British politician and life peer who sat as a Labour member of the House of Lords.
Samuel Phillip Viant was a British Labour Party politician.
Thomas Johnston Taylor, Baron Taylor of Gryfe FRSE DL LLD was a British politician and businessman. He was affectionately known as Tom Taylor.
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Williams|
|Party political offices|
F. W. Jowett
| Socialist societies representative of the Labour Party National Executive Committee |
1931 – 1935
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