Thomas Williams (Christadelphian)

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Thomas Williams

Thomas Williams (1847–1913) was a Welsh Christadelphian who emigrated to America in 1872, and eventually became editor of The Christadelphian Advocate magazine and author of The Great Salvation and The World's Redemption, reserving him a place alongside Christadelphian founders Dr. John Thomas and Robert Roberts. When his appeals to English brethren went unheeded, he became the most prominent of the brethren who avoided these divisive factions, and later became known as Unamended Christadelphians because they never adopted a particular amendment to the Christadelphian statement of faith.

The Unamended Christadelphians are a "fellowship" within the broader Christadelphian movement worldwide, found only in the United States and Canada. They are, like all Christadelphians, millennialist and non-Trinitarian. The term Unamended Christadelphians is not the formal name of this community but is used informally to identify the grouping since a statement of faith traditionally used by many in this community is the "Unamended Statement of Faith". Similarly, most of the much larger grouping of Amended Christadelphians traditionally use a statement of faith that has been amended and therefore, in North America is known by the prefix "Amended". Nevertheless, Christadelphians worldwide and both Amended and Unamended Christadelphians in North America share fundamentally the same doctrines, with a few exceptions.

Contents

Life

Williams was born on April 7, probably in Parkmill, near Swansea. Having apprenticed as a carpenter in Parkmill, he then found work with a William Clement, later his father-in-law, a member of the Christadelphian Ecclesia in Mumbles, and was immersed on Sunday January 15, 1868. He married Elizabeth Clement and the couple had eight children - Clement, William, Katherine, in Wales, and Gershom, Fred, May, George and Bessie in America.

Parkmill village in Wales

The village of Parkmill is a small rural settlement in the Gower Peninsula, South Wales, midway between the villages of Penmaen and Ilston, about eight miles (13 km) west of Swansea, and about one mile (1.5 km) from the north coast of the Bristol Channel. The village lies to the north of the A4118, the main South Gower road between Swansea and Port Eynon, in a wooded area, at the bottom of a valley.

Mumbles is a headland sited on the western edge of Swansea Bay on the southern coast of Wales. The name Mumbles is also applied to the district encompassing the electoral wards of Oystermouth, Newton, West Cross, and Mayals. In the 2018 Best Places to Live in the UK report, The Sunday Times listed Mumbles as the best in Wales.

In 1872 he moved from Wales to Riverside, Iowa where he worked as a carpenter and joined the local "ecclesia" of 12 members [1] [2] [3] In March 1885 he commenced publication of The Christadelphian Advocate Magazine at Waterloo, Iowa. [4] [5] In 1888 he met Robert Roberts in Wauconda, Illinois and again in Lanesville, Virginia for the first time since leaving Wales. In 1891 Williams began to publish a second magazine, The Truth Gleaner aimed at non-Christadelphians, and in 1892 relocated to Chicago. In 1893, in response to the expected visitors to Chicago for the World's Columbian Exposition, Williams published 10,000 copies of the booklet The Great Salvation. [6] [7] By 1972 105,000 copies had been published. [8] In 1905 J.G. Miller of Waterloo, Iowa translated the booklet as Die grosse Erlösung.

Riverside, Iowa City in Iowa, United States

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Robert Roberts (Christadelphian) American Christadelphian author and editor

Robert Roberts is the man generally considered to have continued the work of organising and establishing the Christadelphian movement founded by Dr. John Thomas. He was a prolific author and the editor of The Christadelphian Magazine from 1864–1898.

Williams was also active traveling throughout North America as a preacher and Christadelphian speaker. As was typical of religious speakers of the period Williams participated in lengthy public debates with other religious groups. [9]

The 1898 division

In 1898 a controversy in London, England caused the Birmingham Central Ecclesia meeting at Temperance Hall to amend its statement of faith to include an extra bracketed sentence implying that God could and would raise at least some unbaptised believers at the resurrection. Although 10 members had already been "disfellowshipped" for not accepting this teaching in Sydney, Australia in 1883, [10] and some British ecclesias already had similar amendments, [11] the status of Birmingham as, then, in the words of sociologist Bryan R. Wilson, primus inter pares, led to an escalation which saw many ecclesias without similar amendments being isolated, [12] particularly in areas directly affected by the controversy such as London.

Resurrection concept of a living being coming back to life after death

Resurrection is the concept of coming back to life after death. In a number of ancient religions, a dying-and-rising god is a deity which dies and resurrects.

Bryan Ronald Wilson,, was Reader Emeritus in Sociology at the University of Oxford and President of the International Society for the Sociology of Religion (1971–75). He became a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1963.

Primus inter pares is a Latin phrase meaning first among equals. It is typically used as an honorary title for someone who is formally equal to other members of their group but is accorded unofficial respect, traditionally owing to their seniority in office. Historically, the princeps senatus of the Roman Senate was such a figure and initially bore only the distinction that he was allowed to speak first during debate. Also, Constantine the Great was given the role of primus inter pares. However, the term is also often used ironically or self-deprecatingly by leaders with much higher status as a form of respect, camaraderie, or propaganda. After the fall of the Republic, Roman emperors initially referred to themselves only as princeps despite having power of life and death over their "fellow citizens". Various modern figures such as the Chair of the Federal Reserve, the prime minister of parliamentary regimes, the Federal President of Switzerland, the Chief Justice of the United States, the Chief Justice of the Philippines, the Archbishop of Canterbury of the Anglican Communion and the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church fall under both senses: bearing higher status and various additional powers while remaining still merely equal to their peers in important senses.

See the history section of the article Christadelphians for background information.

Following the death of Robert Roberts in 1898 the role of editor of The Christadelphian Magazine in Britain was taken by Charles Curwen Walker. From May to August 1900 Williams visited Britain, meeting Walker and Henry Sulley in Birmingham and John James Andrew, in London. Walker was reluctant to speak as any kind of "representative" of the British Christadelphians, but strongly counseled Williams to support the amendment without regard for the peace of the original Christadelphian ecclesias in North America.

Charles Curwen Walker (1856–1940) was a Christadelphian writer and editor of The Christadelphian Magazine from 1898 to 1937.

Henry Sulley British architect

Henry Sulley (1845–1940) was an English architect and writer on the temples of Jerusalem.

From October 1903 to June 1904 Williams visited Britain again at the invitation of Albert Hall of the Sowerby Bridge ecclesia in Yorkshire., [13] and of John Owler of the Barnsbury Hall, Islington ecclesia in London. Hall and Owler had previously followed Andrew in the "resurrectional responsibility" controversy, although by 1903 Andrew himself would not fellowship with his previous supporters and reportedly been rebaptised in 1901. At a lecture in Leeds, which 40 visitors from those aligned with Birmingham Temperance Hall attended, Williams failed to state clearly that God could and would raise some unbaptised, and this was taken as supporting Andrew's teaching. However the next year Williams in print rejected Andrew's views as "extreme". [14] Correspondence with Andrew continued till the latter's death in 1907. The result of the visit was a further distancing of the two sides. [15]

In 1906 Williams held a public lecture in Toronto against the "Hell-fire" teaching of R. A. Torrey which drew an audience of 4,000, and was later published as a booklet "Hell Torments". Notes of an earlier debate in 1888 with the atheist Charles Watts led to publication of "The Divinity of the Bible" in 1906.

From June 1907 to August 1908 Williams made a third visit to England, leaving James Leask to run the magazine. In Wales he persuaded four ecclesias which were in fellowship with the "Fraternal Visitor" magazine of J.J. Hadley ("Suffolk Street") to avoid the extremes which characterized their brethren, but this only resulted in a third group which was rejected by both Birmingham Temperance Hall and Birmingham Suffolk St... [16]

The process of division was unstoppable, and in November 1909 when Williams published an Unamended Statement of Faith, which was the old 1878 Birmingham Statement of Faith (BSF) with 7 minor changes, the new statement became known as the "BUSF" (though the 'B' for 'Birmingham' had in fact been dropped) and continued to be used by the Unamended Christadelphians. [17]

In 1911 Williams relocated both home and magazine from Chicago to Orlando, Florida

In 1913 he made a fourth visit to Britain visiting Sowerby Bridge, Heckmondike, Leeds and Huddersfield in Yorkshire arranged by Hall, then London for meetings arranged by Owler. Heading back by train from London to Mumbles he collapsed and died on December 8, aged 66. [18] After William's death his role of editor passed to A.H. Zilmer, formerly a Lutheran pastor, then a Church of God Abrahamic Faith minister, then as a Christadelphian the associate editor of The Faith magazine, which he resigned on taking up William's position. [19] After two years he was replaced with John Owler, mentioned above. [20] Some years later editorship also passed to Albert Hall, also mentioned above, who had emigrated to British Columbia.

Works

Biography and selected works:

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References

  1. The Advocate, Life and Works of Thomas Williams p4
  2. The Christadelphian Magazine, 1872.
  3. The Christadelphian Magazine, 1875 where he reports ecclesial news, and two mentions in 1880.
  4. "They are served by a monthly periodical, The Christadelphian Advocate. This publication was begun in 1885 by Thomas Williams..." J. Gordon Melton ed., Encyclopedia of American religions 4th Ed.1993, Page 537
  5. Henry Ormal Severance, A guide to the current periodicals and serials of the United States and Canada 1914 Page 89
  6. Lippy, C. The Christadelphians in North America.
  7. Life and works of Thomas Williams. 1974. 194 pages
  8. Life and works, p.9
  9. 1889 "March 18 Elder D. S. Crawley, writing from Weir, Kansas, reports a twelve-night debate with a Mr. Thomas Williams, a Christadelphian, on the subjects of the Book of Mormon, conscious condition of the dead, laying on of hands, perpetuity of spiritual gifts, and the kingdom of God.", 1889 debate in Illinois, "between Elder EL Kelley and Elder Thomas Williams of the Christadelphians, commencing November 12, involving consciousness after death." Joseph Smith, Heman Conoman Smith, Francis Henry Edwards, The History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Volume 4 1976 p.553, 618
  10. The Christadelphian Magazine 1884, p.190 commented favourably by Roberts p.382.
  11. e.g. Statement of Faith of the North London Ecclesia, 1887, with John James Andrew among the authors.
  12. Wilson, Bryan R. Sects and Society, 1961
  13. Advocate 1904 p336
  14. Brother Andrew's extremes: "he still strives to justify his extreme claim and fellowship attitude on the question of resurrection, namely, that God has so circumscribed His power by the law of resurrection that it is impossible for Him in the future to raise anyone to life again, for any purpose." Advocate July 1905.
  15. Reports in both The Christadelphian Magazine and The Christadelphian Advocate Magazine, 1904
  16. Advocate Committee. Life and Works of Thomas Williams p.34
  17. Pursell, Richard A. Christadelphians The Untold Story, Colorado 2006
  18. "Thomas Williams, Orlando, Fla., editor of the Christadelphian Advocate, notice of whose death was received a week ago by cablegram from England, ..." The Faith: a Christadelphian magazine, Volume 5 Page 52 John W. Lea ed. 1913
  19. The Faith, March 1914
  20. The Advocate, October 1916
  21. Works listed available from The Christadelphian Advocate
  22. Biography pp3-44. Selections from articles by Williams in the Advocate Magazine pp45-184 The Christadelphian Advocate, Quincy, Mass. 1974