Thomas Williams of Rushden Hall & Wanfield Lodge (c. 1794 – 2 December 1881) was a politician in the colony of South Australia, serving as a non-official acting member of the Legislative Council of South Australia from June 1843 to September 1843.
Rushden Hall is a historic Grade II* listed country house located in the town of Rushden in Northamptonshire which was built for the Pemberton family in the 14th century.
This is a list of members of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1843 to 1851. Beginning with the Royal Instructions gazetted 15 June 1843, there were four official and four non-official members of the Legislative Council consisting of: the Governor, Colonial Secretary, Advocate-General, and Registrar-General with four non-official members being nominated by the Crown. The Council was the only chamber of government until the House of Assembly was created in 1857.
Williams was a son of Robert Williams of Wanfield Lodge (died 1803) and Jane Cunningham, whom he married in 1794. The Williams were an old family of Herringston, Dorset, with interests in the banking business.
Williams was at one time High Sheriff of Northamptonshire and a partner in the banking firm of Williams Deacon and Co.He was a major investor with the South Australian Company and closely associated with Lord John Russell, Gibbon Wakefield, and George Fife Angas.
Northamptonshire, archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county is administered by Northamptonshire County Council and by seven non-metropolitan district councils. It is known as "The Rose of the Shires".
The South Australian Company was formed in London on 9 October 1835 by George Fife Angas and other wealthy British merchants to develop a new settlement in South Australia; its purpose was to build a new colony by meeting an essential financial obligation of the South Australia Act of 1834. The South Australian Company ended business in its own right on 17 March 1949 when it was liquidated by Elders Trustee & Executor Company Ltd, which had been managing its Australian affairs since the death of the last Colonial Manager, Arthur Muller in 1936.
George Fife Angas was an English businessman and banker who, from England, played a significant part in the formation and establishment of the Province of South Australia. He established the South Australian Company and was its founding chairman of the board of directors. In later life he migrated to the colony and served as a member of the first South Australian Legislative Council. His financial contribution of some £40,000 was instrumental to the creation of South Australia.
Williams, his wife Catherine, née Codd, and much of their family emigrated on the Platina, arriving in South Australia in February 1839, and for a time they lived in "The Barn", in Wakefield Street, a rambling thatched wooden structure built in 1837, perhaps Adelaide's first permanent residence, whose previous tenants included H. B. T. Strangways, Lady Hindmarsh, then Hindmarsh's sons-in-law Milner Stephen and Alfred Miller Mundy. The place was destroyed by fire in May 1857.
Wakefield Street is a main thoroughfare in the centre of the South Australian capital, Adelaide.
Rear-Admiral Sir John Hindmarsh KH RN was a naval officer and the first Governor of South Australia, from 28 December 1836 to 16 July 1838.
Williams, with Governor Gawler and J. B. Hack had a "Special Survey" of Little Para farm land taken out in the Para Wirra area, and by him named "The Hermitage", his portion being 2,000 acres (810 ha). He fenced the property, and built a homestead where he lived, and as early as 1840 was growing wheat. He established a garden and vineyard, asserted to have been SA's first. To pay for this and for his children's education, he liquidated almost every one of his shares in the South Australian Company, coupled with an overdraft on his account with the Bank of South Australia of some £2,900.
The Little Para River is a seasonal creek running across the Adelaide Plains in the Australian state of South Australia, whose catchment fills reservoirs that supply some of the water needs of Adelaide’s northern suburbs.
BankSA formally known as The Bank of South Australia, is the largest financial institution in South Australia and the state's largest home lender.
He was in June 1843 appointed by Governor Gawler to one of the four newly created "non-official" (i.e. without portfolio) seats on the second Legislative Council. Unfortunately for him, the value of his land had not increased as expected, and he had difficulties meeting the interest on his loan. He mortgaged the choicest 1,700 acres with his daughter Elizabeth, without mentioning the fact to the bank, which held the deeds as security on the overdraft.He resigned as an undischarged bankrupt, and Jacob Hagen was appointed in his place. He was jailed for six months for his fraudulent actions. His creditors were paid 2 shillings in the pound (10%), while his daughter, who in 1844 became Mrs. Peachey, retained possession of "The Hermitage".
Jacob Hagen was a businessman involved in many business ventures in the colony of South Australia. He served in the Legislative Council from September 1843 to February 1851.
He had three children following his release (in 1844, 1846 and 1848), then returned to England, living at Wanfield Lodge near Windsor, Berkshire.
Thomas Williams married Mary Frances Benthon in 1817 and Catherine Codd in 1833. Their children on the Platina were:
born in SA:
arrived on Lady MacNaughton September 1851
Rev. Ridgway William Newland, frequently spelled "Ridgeway", was an English Congregationalist minister who with his large family emigrated to the young colony of South Australia, where he had a considerable influence in the Encounter Bay district. Many of his descendants were important in the history of the State. He has been called "The father of the South".
The Bowman brothers were pioneer pastoralists of Tasmania and South Australia. They were the sons of John Bowman : Edmund Bowman, John Bowman, William Charles Bowman and Thomas Richard Bowman.
The Advanced School for Girls was a South Australian State school whose purpose was to prepare girls to qualify for entry to the University of Adelaide.
Emanuel Solomon was a businessman and politician in the early days of the Colony of South Australia
William Sanders was a pastoralist and businessman in South Australia.
Robert Forsyth Macgeorge was an early settler of South Australia who is remembered for founding the property which is now the Adelaide suburb of Urrbrae. A number of his children were prominent in the early history of South Australia and other Australian colonies.
John Williams was a pastoralist and politician in the colony of South Australia.
James Andrew Trehane Lake, generally referred to as J. A. T. Lake, was a businessman, lawyer and politician in the British colony of South Australia.
Hugh Craine Kelly was a farmer and politician in colonial South Australia.
John Henry Richman was a lawyer in the young British colony of South Australia.
Samuel Vincent "Stormy" Winter was a newspaper proprietor and editor in the colony of Victoria, Australia. He served two terms as mayor of Richmond, Victoria, in the second instance being distinguished as the first mayor of the City of Richmond.
James Pollitt was an Anglican missionary to South America and pioneering minister in South Australia.
Thomas Hamilton Ayliffe MD was a medical doctor whose family were early settlers of South Australia, remembered in several place names, namely Ayliffe's Crossing and Ayliffe Hill, which is skirted by Ayliffe's Road.
Hartley Williams was an Anglican clergyman in South Australia who ran a private school in Mount Gambier.
Thomas Hudson Beare was an early settler of South Australia, regarded as the colony's first storekeeper. His daughter Arabella has been cited as the first of the fleet to set foot on South Australian shores, and his wife Lucy as the first white woman to die in South Australia.
John Gardner was a Scots-born Presbyterian minister in Adelaide, South Australia, the first incumbent of Chalmers Free Church of Scotland, now Scots Church, North Terrace, Adelaide. He later served at Launceston, Tasmania and Queenscliff, Victoria.
Robert Haining was the first Church of Scotland minister in South Australia.
William Alexander Hughes was an early settler in the British colony of South Australia. He was Town Clerk of Adelaide 1856–1868. After his resignation he was found guilty of forgery and embezzlement.
Henry Jackson Moseley was a builder and publican in the very early days of the British colony of South Australia.
Rev. Thomas Playford was a non-conformist minister, teacher and farmer in the early days of the British colony, later State, of South Australia. Though never referred to as "Thomas Playford I", he may conveniently be so called in relation to his eminent son Thomas Playford II and great-grandson Thomas Playford IV, Premiers of the State. His time in South Australia was closely linked with that of his brother Rev. John Playford, sister Hannah Welbourn, née Playford, and her husband Thomas Welbourn.