Sir Thomas Williams Phillips GBE KCB (20 April 1883 – 21 September 1966) was a senior official in the British Civil Service.
Phillips, a Welshman, was educated at Machynlleth County School and Jesus College, Oxford, where he obtained a first-class Bachelor of Arts degree in Literae Humaniores. He joined the Civil Service in 1906, working initially in the field of copyright law. He was called to the bar by Gray's Inn in 1913. He moved to the Ministry of Labour in 1919, serving as Permanent Secretary from 1935 to 1944. He then worked in the Ministry of National Insurance until 1948, becoming Chairman of the Central Land Board and of the War Damage Commission in 1949. He held these positions until 1959. He was also Chairman of the National Joint Council for Local Authorities, Administrative, Professional. Technical and Clerical Services (1951–1963) and Chairman of the War Works Commission (1949–1964). He was awarded the CBE in 1918, knighted with the award of the KBE in 1934 and advanced to GBE in 1946. He was also awarded the CB in 1922 and advanced to KCB in 1936. He was made an Honorary Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford in 1948, was made a Commander of the Belgian Order of the Crown and was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Wales in 1946. He died on 21 September 1966.
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate.
Machynlleth, sometimes referred to colloquially as Mach, is a market town, community and electoral ward in Powys, Wales and within the historic boundaries of Montgomeryshire. It is in the Dyfi Valley at the intersection of the A487 and the A489 roads. At the 2001 Census it had a population of 2,147, rising to 2,235 in 2011.
Jesus College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. It is in the centre of the city, on a site between Turl Street, Ship Street, Cornmarket Street and Market Street. The college was founded by Elizabeth I on 27 June 1571 for the education of clergy, though students now study a broad range of secular subjects. A major driving force behind the establishment of the college was Hugh Price, a churchman from Brecon in Wales. The oldest buildings, in the first quadrangle, date from the 16th and early 17th centuries; a second quadrangle was added between about 1640 and about 1713, and a third quadrangle was built in about 1906. Further accommodation was built on the main site to mark the 400th anniversary of the college, in 1971, and student flats have been constructed at sites in north and east Oxford.
Sir Ernest Arthur Gowers is best remembered for his book Plain Words, first published in 1948, and for his revision of Fowler's Modern English Usage. Before making his name as an author he had a long career in the British civil service, which he entered in 1903. His final full-time appointment was as Senior Regional Commissioner for Civil Defence, London Region (1940–45). After the Second World War, he was appointed chairman of numerous government inquiries, including the 1949 Royal Commission into Capital Punishment. He was also chairman of the Harlow New Town Development Corporation.
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount Lee of Fareham, was an English soldier, diplomat, politician, philanthropist and patron of the arts. After military postings and an assignment to the British Embassy in Washington, he retired from the military in 1900. He entered politics, was first elected in 1900, and later served as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries and First Lord of the Admiralty following the First World War. He donated his country house, Chequers, to the nation as a retreat for the Prime Minister, and co-founded the Courtauld Institute of Art.
Edward Ettingdene Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges, was a British civil servant.
Sir Francis Edward Evans was a British diplomat. Born in Belfast, Ireland, he was educated at the city's Belfast Royal Academy before being commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Royal Irish Rifles in December 1916. After serving in the First World War, he entered the civil service in 1919, and the following year completed a course for new consular entrants at the London School of Economics.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Alfred Guy Roland Garrod, was a senior British Royal Air Force officer.
Colonel Edmund Colquhoun Pery, 5th Earl of Limerick was a British peer and soldier.
The Commandant of the Royal College of Defence Studies was a UK senior serving military officer between 1972 and 2001. The post rotated through the three branches of the armed forces in turn. In 1971 the old Imperial Defence College became the Royal College of Defence Studies. In 1991, the post was downgraded to three-star, and then in 2001, it was opened up to competition through public advertisement. Subsequent incumbents were all senior retired military officers, until the appointment of a diplomat in 2014.
Sir Thomas Herbert Parry-Williams was a Welsh poet, author and academic.
Sir Howard George Frank, 1st Baronet, was an English estate agent and public servant.
Sir Ben Bowen Thomas was a Welsh civil servant and university President. He served as Permanent Secretary to the Welsh Department of the Ministry of Education from 1945 to 1963, and was President of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth from 1964 to 1975. In June 1977 Thomas was awarded an Honorary Degree from the Open University as Doctor of the University.
Sir Frederick John Atkinson, was a British civil servant.
Sir George Phillips Coldstream was a British barrister and civil servant who served as Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor's Department and Clerk of the Crown in Chancery from 4 June 1954 to 5 April 1968. Born to an upper-middle-class family, Coldstream was educated at Rugby School and Oriel College, Oxford, where he read law. In 1930 he was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn, but worked as a barrister for only four years before he was recruited into the Office of the Parliamentary Counsel, where he served as Assistant to the Parliamentary Counsel to the Treasury.
Sir Richard George Kitchener Way KCB CBE, commonly known as Sam Way, was a British civil servant, Chairman of London Transport and Principal of King's College London.
Lieutenant General Sir Roderick William McLeod was a British Army officer who achieved high office in the 1950s.
Sir Hector James Wright Hetherington was a Scottish philosopher, who was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Liverpool from 1927 to 1936, and Principal of the University of Glasgow until 1961.
Sir Maurice Gerald Holmes GBE KCB was a British civil servant.
Dame Evelyn Adelaide Sharp, Baroness Sharp, GBE was a British civil servant. She was first woman to hold the position of Permanent Secretary, the most senior civil servant in a Ministry, at the Ministry of Housing and Local Government from 1955 to her retirement in 1966.
Major-General Sir Thomas MacDonald "Donald" Banks (1891–1975) was a British Army officer, senior civil servant and a founder member and first Chairman of the Guernsey Society.
Sir Frederick Brundrett, was a British mathematician and civil servant who served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Defence from 1954 to 1959.
The following notable old boys of Sherborne School were born in the 19th century.