|President of First Bank of the United States|
October 25, 1791 –November 10, 1807
|President|| George Washington |
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||David Lenox|
|President of Bank of North America|
January 7, 1782 –March 19, 1791
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||John Nixon|
|Mayor of Philadelphia|
October 4, 1763 –October 2, 1764
|Preceded by||Henry Harrison|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Lawrence|
|Born||December 19, 1731|
Philadelphia, Province of Pennsylvania, British America
|Died||January 19, 1821 89) (aged|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Resting place||Christ Church Burial Ground|
(m. 1763;her death 1781)
|Children||13, including Ann and Mary|
|Relatives|| Charles Willing (Father)|
James Willing (Brother)
Mary Willing Byrd (Sister)
Elizabeth Willing Powel (Sister)
Edward Shippen (Great-grandfather)
Thomas Willing (December 19, 1731 – January 19, 1821) was an American merchant, a mayor of Philadelphia, a Delegate to the Continental Congress from Pennsylvania and the first president of the First Bank of the United States.
Thomas Willing was born in Philadelphia, the son of Charles Willing (1710–1754), who twice served as mayor of Philadelphia, and Anne Shippen, granddaughter of Edward Shippen, who was the second mayor of Philadelphia. His brother, James Willing, was a Philadelphia merchant who later served as a representative of the Continental Congress and led a 1778 military expedition to raid holdings of British loyalists in Natchez, Mississippi.
Thomas completed preparatory studies in Bath, England, then studied law in London at the Inner Temple.
In 1749, after studying abroad in England, he returned to Philadelphia, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits, in partnership with Robert Morris.They established the firm Willing, Morris and Company in 1757. They exported flour, lumber and tobacco to Europe while importing sugar, rum, molasses, and slaves from the West Indies and Africa. Their partnership continued until 1793.
A member of the common council in 1755, he became an alderman in 1759, associate justice of the city court on October 2, 1759, and then justice of the court of common pleas February 28, 1761. Willing then became Mayor of Philadelphia in 1763. In 1767, the Pennsylvania Assembly, with Governor Thomas Penn's assent, had authorized a Supreme Court justice (always a lawyer) to sit with local justices of the peace (judges of county courts, but laymen) in a system of Nisi Prius courts. Governor Penn appointed two new Supreme Court justices, John Lawrence and Thomas Willing. Willing served until 1767, the last under the colonial government. 52:
A member of the Committee of Correspondence in 1774 and of the Committee of Safety in 1775, he served in the Continental Congress. In 1775 and 1776 he voted against the Declaration of Independence,but later subscribed £5,000 to supply the revolutionary cause.
After the war, he became president of the Bank of North America (1781–91), preceding John Nixon, and then the first president of the First Bank of the United States from 1791 to 1807. In August 1807, he suffered a slight stroke, and he resigned for health reasons as president of the bank in November 1807. 189:
In 1763, Willing married Anne McCall (1745–1781), daughter of Samuel McCall (1721–1762) and Anne Searle (1724–1757). Together, they had thirteen children, including:
Willing died in 1821 in Philadelphia, where he is interred in Christ Church Burial Ground.
Willing was the great-uncle of John Brown Francis (1791–1864), who was a governor and United States Senator from Rhode Island.
Willing was also the grandfather of Ann Louisa Bingham (b. 1782),who married Alexander Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton (1774–1848), in 1798, and Maria Matilda Bingham (1783–1849), who was briefly married to Jacques Alexandre, Comte de Tilly, a French aristocrat and later married her sister's brother-in-law, Henry Baring (1777–1848), until their divorce in 1824. Maria later married the Marquis de Blaisel in 1826. Their brother, and Willing's grandson, William Bingham (1800–1852) married Marie-Charlotte Chartier de Lotbiniere (1805–1866), the second of the three daughters and heiresses of Michel-Eustache-Gaspard-Alain Chartier de Lotbinière by his second wife Mary, daughter of Captain John Munro, in 1822.
Francis Hopkinson was an author and composer. He designed Continental paper money, the first United States coin, and early versions of the American flag. He was also one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, as a delegate from New Jersey. He served in various roles in the early United States government including as a member of the Second Continental Congress and as a member of the Navy Board. He later became the first federal judge of the Eastern District Court of Pennsylvania on September 30, 1789.
Benjamin Chew was a fifth-generation American, a Quaker-born legal scholar, a prominent and successful Philadelphia lawyer, head of the Pennsylvania Judiciary System under both Colony and Commonwealth, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Province of Pennsylvania. Chew was well known for his precision and brevity in making legal arguments as well as his excellent memory, judgment, and knowledge of statutory law. His primary allegiance was to the supremacy of law and constitution.
Joseph Galloway was an American politician. He became a Loyalist during the American Revolutionary War, after serving as delegate to the First Continental Congress from Pennsylvania. For much of his career in Pennsylvania politics, he was a close ally of Benjamin Franklin, and he became a leading figure in the colony. As a delegate to the Continental Congress, Galloway was a moderate, and he proposed a Plan of Union which would have averted a full break from Britain. When this was rejected, he moved increasingly towards Loyalism.
William Bingham was an American statesman from Philadelphia. He was a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress from 1786 to 1788 and served in the United States Senate from 1795 to 1801.
Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia is an important early-American cemetery. It is the final resting place of Benjamin Franklin and his wife, Deborah. Four other signers of the Declaration of Independence are buried here, Benjamin Rush, Francis Hopkinson, Joseph Hewes and George Ross. Two more signers are buried at Christ Church just a few blocks away.
James Kinsey was an American lawyer from Burlington, New Jersey.
James Asheton Bayard Jr. was an American lawyer and politician from Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party and served as U.S. Senator from Delaware.
William Shippen Sr. was an American physician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was also a civic and educational leader who represented Pennsylvania in the Continental Congress.
John Francis Mercer was an American lawyer, planter, and politician from Virginia and Maryland.
Edward Shippen was the second mayor of Philadelphia, although under William Penn's charter of 1701, he was considered the first. He was appointed to a one-year term by William Penn in 1701. In 1702, he was elected to a second one-year term, making him the first elected mayor of Philadelphia. He was also a leader of the Province of Pennsylvania, and served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in 1699. He also served as the chief executive for the Province of Pennsylvania as the President of the Provincial Council between 1703 and 1704.
Charles Willing was a Philadelphia merchant, trader and politician; twice he served as Mayor of Philadelphia, from 1748 until 1749 and again in 1754.
Pennsylvania was the site of key events and places related to the American Revolution. The state, and especially the city of Philadelphia, played a critical role in the American Revolution.
John Brown Francis was a governor and United States Senator from Rhode Island.
Thomas Balch was an American historian, best known for his work on the American Revolutionary War, originally written in French and later translated into English as The French in America during the War of Independence of the United States, 1777-1783.
Tench Francis was a prominent lawyer and jurist in colonial Maryland and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Edward Shippen was an American lawyer, judge, government official, and prominent figure in colonial and post-revolutionary Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Ann Willing Bingham was an American socialite from Philadelphia.
Thomas Willing Francis was a prominent American merchant.
Maria Matilda, Marquise de Blaisel was an American born heiress who married several prominent European aristocrats and statesmen.
Thomas Willing (1731–1821).
Henry Harrison (mayor)
| Mayor of Philadelphia |
Thomas Lawrence (II)