Thomas Willoughby, 4th Baron Middleton (19 December 1728 – 2 November 1781), was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1762 to 1774, when he succeeded to the peerage as Baron Middleton.
The House of Commons is the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada and historically was the name of the lower houses of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and Southern Ireland. Roughly equivalent bodies in other countries which were once part of the British Empire include the United States House of Representatives, the Australian House of Representatives, the New Zealand House of Representatives, and India's Lok Sabha.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising various hereditary titles in a number of countries, and composed of assorted noble ranks.
Baron Middleton, of Middleton in the County of Warwick, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1711 for Sir Thomas Willoughby, 2nd Baronet, who had previously represented Nottinghamshire and Newark in Parliament. The Willoughby Baronetcy, of Wollaton in the County of Nottingham, had been created in the Baronetage of England in 1677 for his elder brother Francis Willoughby, with special remainder to the latter's only brother Thomas, who succeeded him in 1688. Lord Middleton was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baron. He sat as Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire and Tamworth. On the death of his younger son, the fourth Baron, the line of the eldest son of the first Baron failed. He was succeeded by his cousin Henry Middleton, the fifth Baron. He was the son of the Hon. Thomas Willoughby, second son of the first Baron. On the death of his son, the sixth Baron, this line of the family also failed.
Willoughby was the second son of Francis Willoughby, 2nd Baron Middleton.He was educated at Bury St Edmund's School, and entered Jesus College, Cambridge, in 1745.
Francis Willoughby, 2nd Baron Middleton was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1713 to 1727. He succeeded to a barony in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Jesus College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. The college's full name is The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge. Its common name comes from the name of its chapel, Jesus Chapel.
Willoughby was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire at a by-election on 13 December 1762. He was returned unopposed again at the general elections of 1768 and 1774.
Nottinghamshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), traditionally known as Knights of the Shire.
The 1768 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 13th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707.
The 1774 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 14th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. Lord North's government was returned with a large majority. The opposition consisted of factions supporting the Marquess of Rockingham and the Earl of Chatham, both of whom referred to themselves as Whigs. North's opponents referred to his supporters as Tories, but no Tory party existed at the time and his supporters rejected the label.
When his brother died on 16 December 1774 he succeeded to the Barony and was called to the House of Lords.
The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is granted by appointment or else by heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.
He married Georgina, daughter of Evelyn Chadwick of West Leake, Nottinghamshire, in 1770 and lived in the family seat at Wollaton Park, Nottinghamshire. They had no childrenand was succeeded in the barony and estates by his cousin, Henry Willoughby, 5th Baron Middleton.
Wollaton Park is a deer park and home of Wollaton Hall, Nottingham Natural History Museum and Nottingham Industrial Museum in the heart of Nottingham, England.
Henry Willoughby, 5th Baron Middleton was an English nobleman, the son of Hon. Thomas Willoughby.
Earl of Chichester is a title that has been created three times in British history. The current title was created in 1801 for Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baron Pelham of Stanmer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Wollaton Hall is an Elizabethan country house of the 1580s standing on a small but prominent hill in Wollaton Park, Nottingham, England. The house is now Nottingham Natural History Museum, with Nottingham Industrial Museum in the outbuildings. The surrounding parkland has a herd of deer, and is regularly used for large-scale outdoor events such as rock concerts, sporting events and festivals.
West Leake is a small conservation village and civil parish in the Rushcliffe district of Nottinghamshire.
The title Baron Latimer or Latymer has been created, by the definitions of modern peerage law, four times in the Peerage of England. Of these, one was restored from abeyance in 1913; one is forfeit; the other two are dormant, although their heir is well known.
Thomas Grey Egerton, 1st Earl of Wilton, known as Sir Thomas Grey Egerton, Bt from 1766 to 1784, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1772 to 1784 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Grey de Wilton.
Thomas Willoughby, 1st Baron Middleton was a Baron in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Thomas Willoughby was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1720 to 1734.
Francis Willoughby, 3rd Baron Middleton was an English nobleman, the eldest son of Francis Willoughby, 2nd Baron Middleton.
Henry Willoughby, 8th Baron Middleton was an English peer.
Sir Thomas Miller, 5th Baronet, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1774 and 1816.
Thomas Watson-Wentworth, 1st Marquess of Rockingham, KB, PC (I) of Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 until 1728 when he was raised to the Peerage as Baron Malton.
Anthony Duncombe, 1st Baron Feversham, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 until 1747 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Feversham.
Sir William Owen, 4th Baronet (1697?–1781), of Orielton, Pembrokeshire, Wales, was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons for 52 years from 1722 to 1774.
Thomas Noel was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1728 and 1788.
Whitshed Keene was an Irish soldier in the British Army and a politician who sat in the House of Commons for 50 years between 1768 and 1818.
Evan Lloyd Vaughan was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1791.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Lord Robert Manners-Sutton
| Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire |
With: John Thornhagh 1762–1774
Earl of Lincoln 1774
Earl of Lincoln
Lord Edward Bentinck
The Lord Middleton
| High Steward of Sutton Coldfield |
The Marquess of Bath
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Baron Middleton |
|This biography of a baron or baroness in the Peerage of Great Britain (1707–1800) is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|