Thomas Willoughby (11 June 1694 – 2 December 1742) was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1720 to 1734.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
Willoughby was the second son of Thomas Willoughby, 1st Baron Middleton and his wife Elizabeth Rothwell, daughter of Sir Richard Rothwell, 1st Baronet, MP. He was educated at Eton College and was admitted at Jesus College, Cambridge on 1 November 1711. He matriculated there in 1712 and was awarded MA in 1720.In 1719, he married Elizabeth Sotheby, the daughter and heiress of Thomas Sotheby of Birdsall of Birdsall, North Yorkshire. Through his marriage, he inherited Birdsall House
Thomas Willoughby, 1st Baron Middleton, was a Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1698 and 1711 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Middleton.
Sir Richard Rothwell, 1st Baronet of Stapleford, Lincolnshire was an English Member of Parliament between 1677 and 1681.
Eton College is a 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore , as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school. Eton's history and influence have made Eton one of the most prestigious schools in the world.
Willoughby was elected Tory Member of Parliament for Cambridge University at a by-election on 19 December 1720. He was returned unopposed again for the university at the 1722 general election. At the 1727 general election, Willoughby stood for Parliament at Tamworth on his father's interest and was elected MP. There is little record of his activities in Parliament and he did not stand in 1734.
Cambridge University was a university constituency electing two members to the British House of Commons, from 1603 to 1950.
The 1722 British general election elected members to serve in the House of Commons of the 6th Parliament of Great Britain. This was the fifth such election since the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. Thanks to the Septennial Act of 1715, which swept away the maximum three-year life of a parliament created by the Meeting of Parliament Act 1694, it followed some seven years after the previous election, that of 1715.
The 1727 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 7th Parliament of Great Britain to be summoned, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. The election was triggered by the death of King George I; at the time, it was the convention to hold new elections following the succession of a new monarch. The Tories, led in the House of Commons by William Wyndham, and under the direction of Bolingbroke, who had returned to the country in 1723 after being pardoned for his role in the Jacobite rising of 1715, lost further ground to the Whigs, rendering them ineffectual and largely irrelevant to practical politics. A group known as the Patriot Whigs, led by William Pulteney, who were disenchanted with Walpole's government and believed he was betraying Whig principles, had been formed prior to the election. Bolingbroke and Pulteney had not expected the next election to occur until 1729, and were consequently caught unprepared and failed to make any gains against the government party.
Willoughby died on 2 December 1742 and his wife ten years later on 25 April 1752. They had seven children:
Henry Willoughby, 5th Baron Middleton was an English nobleman, the son of Hon. Thomas Willoughby.
Birdsall House became the chief residence of the Barons Middleton in 1923.
Baron Middleton, of Middleton in the County of Warwick, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1711 for Sir Thomas Willoughby, 2nd Baronet, who had previously represented Nottinghamshire and Newark in Parliament. The Willoughby Baronetcy, of Wollaton in the County of Nottingham, had been created in the Baronetage of England in 1677, for his elder brother Francis Willoughby, with special remainder to the latter's only brother Thomas, who succeeded him in 1688. Lord Middleton was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baron. He sat as Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire and Tamworth. On the death of his younger son, the fourth Baron, the line of the eldest son of the first Baron failed. He was succeeded by his cousin Henry Middleton, the fifth Baron. He was the son of the Hon. Thomas Willoughby, second son of the first Baron. On the death of his son, the sixth Baron, this line of the family also failed.
John Barrington, 1st Viscount Barrington, known as John Shute until 1710, was an English dissenting theologian and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 to 1723.
Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, of Mount Edgcumbe was an English Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons from 1701 until 1742 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Edgcumbe.
Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton,, English diplomatist, was a son of Robert Walpole of Houghton, Norfolk, and a younger brother of the Prime Minister of Great Britain Sir Robert Walpole.
Birdsall is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 180, increasing to 343 at the 2011 Census. The village is about four miles south of Malton.
Francis Willoughby, 2nd Baron Middleton, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1713 to 1727. He succeeded to a barony in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Henry Willoughby, 8th Baron Middleton was an English peer.
The Honourable Thomas Townshend, of Frognal House, Kent, was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons for 52 years from 1722 to 1774.
Thomas Catesby Paget or Pagett styled Hon. Thomas Catesby Paget from 1712 to 1714, and subsequently with the courtesy title Lord Paget, was an English writer and politician, who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 to 1727 and served in the household of King George II.
Sir George Oxenden, 5th Baronet was an English Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1720 to 1754.
Thomas Knight previously Thomas Brodnax (1701–1726) and Thomas May (1727–1738), of Godmersham Park, Kent, was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1734 to 1741.
George Heathcote was an English merchant and philanthropist and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1747. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1742.
Thomas Sclater, later Thomas Bacon, was an English lawyer and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1713 and 1736.
James Bertie of Stanwell and Westminster, Middlesex, was a British Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons for 34 years between 1695 and 1734.
Birdsall House is an English country house in Birdsall, North Yorkshire. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Matthew Martin (1676-1749) of Alresford Hall, Essex, was an East India Company mariner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1722 and 1742.
Michael Harvey, of Coombe, Surrey. and Clifton Maybank, near Milborne Port, Dorset was a British landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1717 and 1747.
Legh Master (c.1694–1750) of New Hall, Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire. and Codnor Castle, Derbyshire, was a British Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1747.
John Orlebar (1697–1765), of Hinwick House, Bedfordshire, was a British lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1734.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Cambridge University |
With: Dixie Windsor
| Member of Parliament for Tamworth |
With: The Earl of Inchiquin
Lord John Sackville
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