Thomas Wilson Barnes

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Thomas Wilson Barnes
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Thomas Wilson Barnes
Country England

Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874) was an English chess master, one of the leading British masters of his time. He went on a diet and lost 130 pounds(9st 4lb) in 10 months, which resulted in his death. [1]


Chess history

Barnes was one of the leading British chess masters at the time of Paul Morphy's visit to the UK in 1858. Barnes had the happy fortune of having the best record against Morphy during the latter's visit, winning eight games and losing nineteen ( Brace 1977 ). The only tournament he played in was London in 1862, where he finished in the middle of the field ( Hooper & Whyld 1992 ), ( Golombek 1976 :148).

Paul Morphy American chess player

Paul Charles Morphy was an American chess player. He is considered to have been the greatest chess master of his era and an unofficial World Chess Champion. A chess prodigy, he was called "The Pride and Sorrow of Chess" because he had a brilliant chess career but retired from the game while still young. Bobby Fischer ranked him among the ten greatest players of all time, and described him as "perhaps the most accurate player who ever lived".

An international chess tournament was held in London, during the second British world exhibition, in 1862. Fourteen players participated in the main chess event from 16 June to 28 June 1862. They played at the St. George's Club, St. James's Club and Divan. All-play-all and time controls were novelties for a big tournament. Twenty-four moves had to be played in two hours. Time was measured with hourglasses. Draws did not count and had to be replayed.

Openings named for Barnes

A variation of the Ruy Lopez opening called the Barnes Defence was named after him: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 g6 (this is also sometimes known as the Smyslov Defence). A much more dubious variation named for him is Barnes Defence, 1.e4 f6 which he played against Anderssen and Morphy, beating the latter. [2] Barnes Opening, 1.f3, also bears his name. Opening with the f-pawn served his preference to sidestep existing opening knowledge.

Ruy Lopez Chess opening

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

Chess opening Initial moves of a chess game

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Adolf Anderssen German chess player

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen was a German chess master. He won the great international tournaments of 1851 and 1862, but lost matches to Paul Morphy in 1858, and to Wilhelm Steinitz in 1866. Accordingly, he is generally regarded as having been the world's leading chess player from 1851 to 1858, and leading active player from 1862 to 1866; although the title of World Chess Champion did not yet exist.


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