Thomas Wilson Paterson

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Thomas Wilson Paterson
Portrait of Thomas Wilson Paterson (c. 1914).jpg
9th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
In office
December 3, 1909 December 5, 1914
Monarch Edward VII
George V
Governor General The Earl Grey
the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
Premier Richard McBride
Preceded by James Dunsmuir
Succeeded by Francis Stillman Barnard
MLA for North Victoria
In office
December 23, 1902 October 3, 1903
Preceded by John Paton Booth
Succeeded bydistrict abolished
MLA for The Islands
In office
October 3, 1903 February 2, 1907
Preceded bynew member
Succeeded by Albert Edward McPhillips
Personal details
Born(1850-12-06)6 December 1850
Darvel, Ayr, Scotland
Died28 August 1921(1921-08-28) (aged 70)
Victoria, British Columbia
NationalityCanadian
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)
Emma Elizabeth Riley(m. 1886)
Occupationrailway contractor
ProfessionPolitician

Thomas Wilson Paterson (6 December 1850 28 August 1921) was a Canadian railway contractor, politician, and the ninth Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. [1]

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, with 70% of citizens residing within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia

The Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia is the viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the province of British Columbia, Canada. The office of Lieutenant governor is an office of the Crown and serves as a representative of the monarchy in the province, rather than the Governor General of Canada. The office was created in 1871 when the Colony of British Columbia joined the Confederation. Since then the Lieutenant Governor has been the representative of the monarchy in British Columbia. Previously, between 1858 and 1863 under colonial administration the title of Lieutenant governor of British Columbia was given to Richard Clement Moody as commander of the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment. This position coexisted with the office of Governor of British Columbia served by James Douglas during that time.

Contents

Railway career

After moving to British Columbia in 1885, [2] he helped to build the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway line on Vancouver Island. [1] In 1895, he became general manager of the Victoria and Sidney Railway. [1] In 1897, Paterson filed for and was granted a patent for a spark catcher and smoke burner for locomotives. [3] The following year, he filed for a patent in the United States as well. [4]

British Columbia Province of Canada

British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.034 million as of 2019, it is Canada's third-most populous province.

Vancouver Island Island on the western coast of Canada

Vancouver Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. It is part of the Canadian province of British Columbia. The island is 460 kilometres (290 mi) in length, 100 kilometres (62 mi) in width at its widest point, and 32,134 km2 (12,407 sq mi) in area. It is the largest island on the West Coast of the Americas.

One of three railways to operate on the Saanich Peninsula, the Victoria and Sidney Railway Company was formed in 1892 as part of the City of Victoria's plan for a rail line serve the Saanich Peninsula. After granting the V&S certain tax concessions and various loans construction began on a rail line from downtown Victoria to downtown Sidney. Surveying and grading soon began and passed through nearly every important community between Victoria and Sidney. Operations began in 1894 and at the time the Saanich Peninsula was mostly forested with only limited areas under cultivation. Timber and cordwood production was key industry in the area and provided a major source of freight revenue for the railroad. Since all the early V&S locomotives were wood burners, local residents quickly dubbed the train the "Cordwood Limited". A slightly less complimentary name for it was the "tri-weekly" because although it ran every day, it tried weakly.

Political career

In 1902, Paterson ran as an independent candidate in a byelection for the provincial riding of North Victoria prompted by the death of the incumbent, John Paton Booth. He defeated a government-aligned candidate by 43 votes (12% of the votes cast). For the 1903 election, the North Victoria riding was abolished during redistribution, and Thomas ran as a Liberal candidate in the newly created riding of The Islands. He defeated a Conservative candidate by 67 votes (19% of the votes cast). In the 1907 election, a new Conservative candidate won by 6 votes (2%of votes cast), and Thomas was unseated. [5]

North Victoria was the a provincial electoral district in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It was created from a partition of the old Victoria riding, one of the province's first twelve, and first appeared on the hustings in 1894 as part of a redistribution of the old Victoria riding, along with South Victoria. For other Victoria-area ridings please see Victoria.

John Paton Booth was a Scottish-born political figure in British Columbia. He represented Cowichan from 1871 to 1875, The Islands from 1890 to 1894 and North Victoria from 1894 to 1902 in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia.

1903 British Columbia general election

The British Columbia general election of 1903 was the tenth general election for the Province of British Columbia, Canada. It was held to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. The election was called on September 5, 1903, and held on October 3, 1903. The new legislature met for the first time on November 26, 1903.

In 1907, he was defeated when running for mayor of Victoria.

From 1909 to 1914, he was the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. In 1912, he presented a cup to the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. [6] The cup was first won by the New Westminster Royals, who were PCHA champions in the PCHA's first season. [7]

Pacific Coast Hockey Association

The Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) was a professional men's ice hockey league in western Canada and the western United States, which operated from 1911 to 1924 when it then merged with the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL). The PCHA was considered to be a major league of ice hockey and was important in the development of the sport of professional ice hockey through its innovations.

New Westminster Royals

The New Westminster Royals was the name of several professional ice hockey teams based in New Westminster, British Columbia, first established in 1911 for the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA). Though nominally based in New Westminster, the team played its home games at the Denman Arena in nearby Vancouver, as an arena was not available; the team would never play a PCHA home game in New Westminster as a result. They won the inaugural PCHA championship in 1912, though financial difficulties saw the team relocated to Portland, Oregon in 1914 and become the Portland Rosebuds.

Family and Personal Life

Born in Darvel, Scotland, [8] he immigrated to Canada with his parents. He was raised in Ontario. [1]

Scotland Country in Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and the North Channel to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Ontario Province of Canada

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto, which is also Ontario's provincial capital.

Paterson married Emma Elizabeth Riley, the daughter of George Riley in Victoria on November 25, 1886. [9] Paterson retired in 1914. He died in Victoria on August 28, 1921, [10] and was buried in Ross Bay Cemetery. [11]

George Riley was a Canadian merchant and Liberal politician.

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The British Columbia Liberal Party is a centre-right provincial political party in British Columbia, Canada. The party currently forms the Official Opposition. The leader of the Liberal Party, and Leader of the Official Opposition of British Columbia, is Andrew Wilkinson.

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Victoria Cougars

The Victoria Cougars were a major league professional ice hockey team that played in the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) from 1911 to 1924 under various names, and in the Western Hockey League (WHL) from 1924 to 1926. The team was based in Victoria, British Columbia and won the Stanley Cup in 1925.

Formerly a British colony, British Columbia became a province of Canada on July 20, 1871. An interim Cabinet was appointed by the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia, and election writs for the first general election as a province of Canada were issued to choose 25 members of the first provincial legislature from 12 ridings. These ridings were:

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This was the second election held after British Columbia became a province of Canada on July 20, 1871. Many of the politicians in the House had served with the Legislative Council or Assembly or the Executive Council, or had otherwise been stalwarts of the colonial era - some supporters of Confederation, others not. Some were ranchers or mining bosses from the Interior, others were colonial gentry from the Island and New Westminster, and others direct arrivals from Britain, Ireland or "Canada", which was still considered a different place not only in the minds of the politicians but in the language used in Hansard during this period.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia biography". Government House. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  2. "Paterson, Thomas Wilson". British Columbia Archival Information Network. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  3. Canadian Intellectual Property Office: Patent 56793 Summary
  4. Google Patents: Thomas wilson paterson: US 601355 A
  5. Electoral History of British Columbia 1871-1986. Victoria, BC: Elections British Columbia (1988), pages 91, 93, 102, 405.
  6. The Paterson Cup presented to the Pacific Coast Hockey Association champions The New Westminster Hockey Team
  7. Thomas Wilson Paterson - Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
  8. "Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950". FamilySearch.org. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
  9. "Marriage Registration of Thomas Wilson Paterson and Emma Elisabeth Riley, Registration: 1886-09-003141,". BC Archives - Royal BC Museum. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
  10. "British Columbia Death Registrations, 1872-1986; 1992-1993", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FLG9-82K  : 30 September 2015), Thomas Wilson Paterson, 1921.
  11. "Find A Grave Memorial# 121312758: Thomas Wilson Paterson" . Retrieved 2017-03-16.