Thomas Windsor, 1st Viscount Windsor
|Died||8 June 1738|
Lieutenant-General Thomas Windsor, 1st Viscount Windsor (c. 1670 –8 June 1738), styled The Honourable Thomas Windsor until 1699, was a British Army officer, landowner and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1685 and 1712.
Windsor was the second son of Thomas Hickman-Windsor, 1st Earl of Plymouth, by his second wife Ursula Widdrington, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Widdrington, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and Frances Fairfax.
He was made a Page of Honour to James II in 1685 (a post he held until the king was deposed in 1688) and a few months later was returned to Parliament for Droitwich, despite being only around sixteen at the time. Lord Willoughby de Eresby wanted both him and Peter Legh expelled as minors. Windsor took no part in the proceedings of Parliament and was not re-elected in 1687.
During the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685 Windsor had served as a cornet in Lord Plymouth's Horse under his father. He continued to serve in the Army as a captain in Sir John Fenwick's Regiment in 1687, as a lieutenant-colonel in Viscount Colchester's Regiment between 1690 and 1694, as a colonel of horse between 1694 and 1697, 1702 and 1707 and 1711 and 1712 and of the 3rd Dragoon Guards between 1712 and 1717. He was promoted to brigadier in 1702, to major-general in 1704 and to lieutenant-general in 1710.
In 1692 he was appointed Groom of the Bedchamber in King William's private household, serving until the King's death in 1702. In 1699 he was elevated to the Peerage of Ireland as Viscount Windsor, of Blackcastle.This being an Irish peerage he was still eligible for election to the English House of Commons, and in 1705 he was once again returned to Parliament for Bramber, a seat he held until 1708. Between 1708 and 1712 he represented Monmouthshire. The latter year he was created an English peer as Baron Mountjoy, in the Isle of Wight, as one of twelve peers created to secure a Tory majority in the House of Lords.
Lord Windsor married Lady Charlotte Herbert, only daughter of Philip Herbert, 7th Earl of Pembroke, and Henriette de Kéroualle (sister of Louise de Kéroualle, the principal mistress to King Charles II of England), and widow of John Jeffreys, 2nd Baron Jeffreys, in 1703. In 1709, they brought a petition to the House of Lords (which adjudicated on matters of noble titles and estates) seeking permission to sell the Jeffreys estates in order to pay their debts.
They had one son and at least four daughters. She died in November 1733. Lord Windsor died in June 1738 and was succeeded in his titles by his son, Herbert.
He inherited the Lower Avon Navigation from his father, who had acquired the rights to it from the future King James II of England.
Baron Jeffreys is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation came in the Peerage of England on 16 May 1685 when the lawyer and later Lord Chancellor, Sir George Jeffreys, 1st Baronet, was made Baron Jeffreys, of Wem. He had already been created a Baronet, of Bulstrode in the County of Buckingham, in the Baronetage of England in 1681. The titles became extinct on the death of his son, the second Baron, in 1702, who had no male heir: his daughter, the writer Henrietta Fermor, married the 1st Earl of Pomfret. The estates passed to Jeffreys' widow, Lady Charlotte Herbert, who later remarried as Viscountess Windsor.
Thomas Parker, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, was an English Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1705 to 1710. He was Lord Chief Justice from 1710 to 1718 and acted briefly as one of the regents before the arrival of King George I in Britain. His career ended when he was convicted of corruption on a massive scale and he spent the later years of his life in detention.
Viscount Windsor is a title that has been created twice.
There has been a Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire almost continuously since the position was created by King Henry VIII in 1535. The only exception to this was the English Civil War and English Interregnum between 1643 and 1660 when there was no king to support the Lieutenancy. The following list consists of all known holders of the position: earlier records have been lost and so a complete list is not possible. Since 1702, all Lord Lieutenants have also been Custos Rotulorum of Buckinghamshire.
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Gentleman of the Bedchamber was a title in the royal household of the Kingdom of England from the 11th century, later used also in the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Thomas Coventry, 1st Earl of Coventry, became 5th Baron Coventry on the death of his nephew in 1687. He was created 1st Earl of Coventry in 1697. He was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1660 and 1687 when he succeeded to the peerage..
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Edward Winnington or Jeffreys, of Ham Castle, Droitwich, was an English lawyer, judge and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 to 1725. He was considered the most powerful advocate on the Oxford circuit of his time.
Herbert Windsor, 2nd Viscount Windsor, styled The Honourable Herbert Windsor until 1738, was a British landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1734 until 1738 when he succeeded to the peerage as Baron Mountjoy and Viscount Windsor.
Nathaniel Hooke (1664–1738) was a Franco-Irish Jacobite soldier, diplomatic envoy for the King of France and a Baron in the Jacobite Peerage of Ireland.
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John Berkeley, 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge, of Bruton, Somerset, was an English courtier, treasury official, army officer and politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons from 1690 to 1710.
Henry Herbert, 2nd Baron Herbert of Chirbury, of Ribbesford, Worcestershire, was an English Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 until 1709 when he succeeded to the peerage as Baron Herbert of Chirbury.
|Parliament of England|
Hon. Henry Coventry
Samuel Sandys I
| Member of Parliament for Droitwich |
With: Samuel Sandys II
Samuel Sandys II
The Lord Coote
| Member of Parliament for Bramber |
With: John Asgill
Parliament of Great Britain
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Parliament of England
| Member of Parliament for Bramber |
With: William Shippen
Sir Cleave More, Bt
Sir Hopton Williams, Bt
| Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire |
With: John Morgan
| Colonel of Viscount Windsor's Regiment of Horse |
|Peerage of Ireland|
|New creation|| Viscount Windsor |
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|New creation|| Baron Mountjoy |