Thomas Winstanley (1749 – 2 September 1823) was an academic at the University of Oxford, who held the positions of Camden Professor of Ancient History, Laudian Professor of Arabic, and principal of St Alban Hall.
The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation after the University of Bologna. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge. The two 'ancient universities' are frequently jointly called 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.
The Camden Professorship of Ancient History at the University of Oxford was established in 1622 by English antiquary and historian William Camden, Clarenceux King of Arms, and endowed with the income of the manor of Bexley, becoming the first and oldest chair of history in England. Since 1877 it has been attached to Brasenose College, and since 1910 it has been limited to Roman history.
The position of Laudian Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford was established in 1636 by William Laud, who at the time was Chancellor of the University of Oxford and Archbishop of Canterbury. The first professor was Edward Pococke, who was working as a chaplain in Aleppo in what is now Syria when Laud asked him to return to Oxford to take up the position. Laud's regulations for the professorship required lectures on Arabic grammar and literature to be delivered weekly during university vacations and Lent. He also provided that the professor's lectures were to be attended by all medical students and Bachelors of Arts at the university, although this seems not to have happened since Pococke had few students, despite the provision for non-attenders to be fined. In 1881, a university statute repealed Laud's regulations and provided that the professor was to lecture in "the Arabic, Syriac, and Chaldee Languages", and attached the professorship to a fellowship at St John's College.
Winstanley was born in the town of Winstanley, in what was then Lancashire, and was baptised on 11 November 1749. After an education at Manchester Grammar School, he matriculated at the University of Oxford as a member of Brasenose College in 1768, obtaining his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1771 and his Master of Arts degree in 1774. He was appointed to a fellowship at Hertford College and succeeded Thomas Warton as Camden Professor of Ancient History in 1790. He was elected principal of St Alban Hall in 1797, and appointed as Laudian Professor of Arabic in 1814 (holding this in addition to the Camden chair). He was rector of Steyning, Sussex, between 1790 and 1792; prebendary of St Paul's Cathedral from 1794 to 1810; and vicar of St Nicholas and St Clements, Rochester, Kent, from 1812. His writings included Aristotelous peri poiētikēs: Aristotelis de poetica liber (1780), and an edition of the works of Daniel Webb (1802). Winstanley died on 2 September 1823.
Winstanley is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Lancashire, the area is now a residential suburb, and has a total population of 15,849, reducing at the 2011 census to 11,264.
Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.
Manchester Grammar School (MGS) in Manchester, England, is the largest independent day school for boys in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1515 as a free grammar school next to Manchester Parish Church, in 1931 it moved to its present site at Fallowfield. In accordance with its founder's wishes, MGS has remained a predominantly academic school and belongs to the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.
Hertford College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. It is located on Catte Street in the centre of Oxford, directly opposite the main gate to the Bodleian Library. The college is known for its iconic bridge, the Bridge of Sighs. There are around 600 students at the college at any one time, comprising undergraduates, graduates and visiting students from overseas.
Thomas Warton was an English literary historian, critic, and poet. From 1785 to 1790 he was the Poet Laureate of England. He is sometimes called Thomas Warton the younger to distinguish him from his father Thomas Warton the elder. His most famous poem remains The Pleasures of Melancholy, a representative work of the Graveyard poets.
Edward Cardwell was an English theologian also noted for his contributions to the study of English church history. In addition to his scholarly work, he filled various administrative positions in the University of Oxford.
Peter Elmsley (1773–1825) was an English classical scholar.
Henry Francis Pelham, FSA, FBA was an English scholar and historian. He was Camden Professor of Ancient History at the University of Oxford from 1889 to 1907, and was also President of Trinity College, Oxford from 1897 to 1907.
Richard Smyth was the first person to hold the office of Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Oxford and the first Chancellor of the University of Douai.
James Williams was a Welsh cleric. Williams was the great-grandfather of famous Welsh artist Kyffin Williams.
Edward Edwards was a Welsh scholar and clergyman. He was a Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford for over thirty-five years, and was Vice-Principal for more than twenty years. His particular scholastic interest was in the works of the Greek philosopher Xenophon.
Joseph White (1745–1814) was an English orientalist and theologian, Laudian Professor of Arabic and then Regius Professor of Hebrew at the University of Oxford.
John Wallis was Laudian Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford from 1703 until his death.
Wyndham Knatchbull was a British clergyman and academic who was Laudian Professor of Arabic from 1823 until 1840.
Robert Gandell was a British academic and biblical scholar, who was Laudian Professor of Arabic from 1861 until his death.
Stephen Reay was a Scottish academic and clergyman, who was Laudian Professor of Arabic from 1840 until his death.
Gerard Jan Henk van Gelder FBA is a Dutch academic who was the Laudian Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford from 1998 to 2012.
Thomas Hunt FRS was an English academic, who was Laudian Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford from 1738 until his death.
Richard Brown was an academic at the University of Oxford. He matriculated at Hart Hall, Oxford in 1727 at the age of 15, obtaining his Bachelor of Arts degree from Trinity College in 1731. He was made a fellow of the college in 1734, when he obtained his Master of Arts degree, with his Bachelor of Divinity degree following in 1742 and a doctorate in divinity in 1752 He was appointed as Lord Almoner's Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford in 1748, and also became Regius Professor of Hebrew at Oxford in 1774, holding both positions until 1780. He was an ordained clergyman in the Church of England; a canon of St Paul's Cathedral, he was also appointed perpetual curate of St Mary's Paddington in 1756.
Hugh Macilwain Last was Camden Professor of Ancient History at the University of Oxford and Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford.
Thomas Robinson (1790–1873) was an English churchman and academic. He became Archdeacon of Madras in 1826, Lord Almoner's Professor of Arabic at Cambridge in 1837, and Master of the Temple in 1845.
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