Thomas Winston (1576–1655) was an English physician.
He was the son of Thomas Winston, a carpenter, of Painswick, Gloucestershire, and his wife Judith, daughter of Roger Lancaster of Hertfordshire. He graduated M.A. at Clare Hall, Cambridge in 1602,and continued a fellow of that college till 1617. He then studied medicine at Padua, where he attended the lectures of Fabricius ab Aquapendente, and at Basle, where he became a pupil of Caspar Bauhin. He graduated M.D. at Padua, and was incorporated M.D. at Cambridge in 1608.
Painswick is a town and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England. Originally the town grew on the wool trade, but it is now best known for its parish church's yew trees and the local Rococo Garden. The village is mainly constructed of locally quarried Cotswold stone. Many of the buildings feature south-facing attic rooms once used as weavers' workshops.
Gloucestershire is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn, and the entire Forest of Dean.
Hertfordshire is one of the home counties in England. It is bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region.
He was admitted a licentiate of the College of Physicians in London on 9 March 1610, a candidate or member on 10 September 1613, and was elected a fellow on 20 March 1615. He was ten times censor between 1622 and 1637. He was an active member of the Virginia Company, regularly attending its meetings in London until October 1621, and acting as one of the editors of A Declaration of the State of the Colonie and Affaires in Virginia, published in 1620. He was elected Professor of Physic at Gresham College on 25 October 1615, and held office till 1642. He then went abruptly to France, but returned in 1652. William Lenthall wrote to the Gresham committee on his behalf, and on 20 August 1652 he was restored to his professorship, which he held till his death. He had a large practice as a physician, and always kept an apothecary, who followed him humbly. He died on 24 October 1655.
The Royal College of Physicians is a British professional body dedicated to improving the practice of medicine, chiefly through the accreditation of physicians by examination. Founded in 1518, it set the first international standard in the classification of diseases, and its library contains medical texts of great historical interest.
The Virginia Company refers collectively to two joint-stock companies chartered under James I on 10 April 1606 with the goal of establishing settlements on the coast of America. The two companies are referred to as the "Virginia Company of London" and the "Virginia Company of Plymouth", and they operated with identical charters but with differing territories. The charters established an area of overlapping territory in America as a buffer zone, and the two companies were not permitted to establish colonies within 100 miles of each other. The Plymouth Company never fulfilled its charter, but its territory was claimed by England and became New England.
William Lenthall was an English politician of the Civil War period. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons.
His works show anatomical reading as well as a practical acquaintance with the anatomy of man and of animals. He was well read in Galen and in Latin literature and Meric Casaubon praised his learning. After his death his Anatomy Lectures were published in London in 1659 and 1664. He made no original discoveries, held the old erroneous opinion that there are openings in the septum between the ventricles, showed no acquaintance with William Harvey's work on the circulation of the blood, and believed that the arteries transmit vital spirit elaborated in the left ventricle as well as blood.
Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus, often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire. Arguably the most accomplished of all medical researchers of antiquity, Galen influenced the development of various scientific disciplines, including anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and neurology, as well as philosophy and logic.
The interventricular septum, is the stout wall separating the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart, from one another.
A ventricle is one of two large chambers toward the bottom of the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs. The atrium primes the pump. Interventricular means between the ventricles, while intraventricular means within one ventricle.
William Harvey was an English physician who made seminal contributions in anatomy and physiology. He was the first known physician to describe completely, and in detail, the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the brain and body by the heart, though earlier writers, such as Realdo Colombo, Michael Servetus, and Jacques Dubois, had provided precursors of the theory. In 1973, the William Harvey Hospital was constructed in the town of Ashford, a few miles from his birthplace of Folkestone.
William Croone was an English physician and one of the original Fellows of the Royal Society.
Frank Nicholls was a physician. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1728. He was made reader of anatomy at Oxford University when young and moved to London in the 1730s.
George Ent was an English scientist in the seventeenth century who focused on the study of anatomy. He was a member of the Royal Society and the Royal College of Physicians. Ent is best known for his associations with William Harvey, particularly his Apologia pro circulatione sanguinis, a defense of Harvey’s work.
Thomas Wharton (1614–1673) was an English physician and anatomist best known for his descriptions of the submandibular duct and Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord.
Clement Corbet was an English jurist.
Thomas Horton D.D. was an English clergyman, Professor of Divinity at Gresham College in London, and President of Queens' College, Cambridge.
Theodore Goulston M.D. (1572–1632) was an English physician, scholar, and founder of the Goulstonian Lectures.
Anthony Wotton was an English clergyman and controversialist, of Puritan views. He was the first Gresham Professor of Divinity. Christopher Hill describes him as a Modernist and Ramist.
Henry Clerke was an English academic and physician, President of Magdalen College, Oxford, from 1672.
John Mapletoft (1631–1721) was an English clergyman and physician.
Henry Paman (1626–1695) was an English physician.
Arthur Dacres (1624–1678) was an English physician and academic, briefly Gresham Professor of Geometry.
Paul Delaune (1584?–1654?) was an English physician, Gresham Professor of Physic during the Interregnum.
Sir Thomas Baines, M.D. (1622–1680) was an English physician, the lifelong companion of the ambassador Sir John Finch, M.D.
Christopher Terne M.D. (1620–1673) was an English physician.
Sir Busick Harwood was an English physician who became Professor of Anatomy at Cambridge.
Thomas Coxe (1615–1685) was an English physician. He studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge graduating with a BA in 1635 and MA in 1638.
Sir Thomas Cademan (1590?–1651) was an English recusant physician.
Thomas Healde FRS was an English physician.
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The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.