Thomas Wise (died 1630)

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Monument to Sir Thomas Wise in St Mary's Church, Marystow ThomasWise OfSydenham Died1630 MarystowChurch Devon.jpg
Monument to Sir Thomas Wise in St Mary's Church, Marystow
Arms of Wise of Sydenham: Sable, three chevronels ermine WiseArms.png
Arms of Wise of Sydenham: Sable, three chevronels ermine

Sir Thomas Wise (c. 1576 – 1630), [1] KB, of Sydenham in the parish of Marystow and of Mount Wise in the parish of Stoke Damerel in Devon, was Sheriff of Devon in 1612 and in 1621 served as a member of parliament for Bere Alston in Devon. [2]

Sydenham House, Devon Grade I listed English country house in the United Kingdom

Sydenham House in the parish of Marystow in Devon, England, is a seventeenth-century manor house. The Grade I listed building is situated about thirteen miles south-west of Okehampton, on a 1,200 acres (490 ha) estate. It was built by Sir Thomas Wise (d.1629) between 1600 and 1612, incorporating an older structure. It was partially destroyed by fire in 2012. The gardens are Grade II listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

Marystow village in the United Kingdom

Marystow or Stow-St. Mary was a village and parish in the Tavistock district of Devon, England.

Mount Wise, Plymouth

Mount Wise is a historic estate situated within the historic parish and manor of Stoke Damerel and situated about one mile west of the historic centre of the city of Plymouth, Devon. It occupies "a striking waterfront location" with views across Plymouth Sound to Mount Edgcumbe and the English Channel. Until 2004 it was a headquarters for senior Admiralty staff and was inaccessible to the public.

Contents

Origins

Wise was the second son and eventual heir of Thomas Wise (1546–1593) of Sydenham, by his wife Mary Buller, [3] a daughter of Richard Buller (died 1556) [4] of Shillingham in Cornwall (ancestor of the prominent Buller family of Morval and of the Buller Baronets). The Wise family is earliest recorded in the Heraldic Visitations of Devon in the person of John Wise (fl.1403) of Sydenham, living in 1403. [5] The family can however be traced to Westcountry roots from the eleventh century. [6] They provided a Knight of the Shire (Member of Parliament for Devon) in three of the Parliaments of King Henry VI (1422–1461). [7] In about 1400 the manor of Stoke Damerel, within which was situated the estate later called Mount Wise, was inherited by Thomas Wise of Sydenham (son and heir of John Wise (fl.1403) of Sydenham), upon his marriage to Margaret Brett (alias Brit), [8] daughter and heiress of Robert Brett of Staddiscombe, near Plymstock, [9] [10] [11] lord of the manor of Stoke Damerel.

Morval, Cornwall human settlement in United Kingdom

Morval is a rural civil parish, hamlet and historic manor in southeast Cornwall, England, UK. The hamlet is approximately two miles (3 km) north of Looe and five miles (8 km) south of Liskeard.

Devon was a parliamentary constituency covering the county of Devon in England. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire, in the House of Commons of England until 1707, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. Elections were held using the bloc vote system of elections.

Manor an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a manorial court

A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court. The proper unit of tenure under the feudal system is the fee, on which the manor became established through the process of time, akin to the modern establishment of a "business" upon a freehold site. The manor is nevertheless often described as the basic feudal unit of tenure and is historically connected with the territorial divisions of the march, county, hundred, parish and township.

Career

He was created a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of King James I in 1603. In 1612 he served as Sheriff of Devon. [12] [13] In 1621 he was elected a member of parliament for Bere Alston [2] in Devon, where he had gained influence following local land purchases. [6]

Bere Alston or Beeralston was a parliamentary borough in Devon, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1584 until 1832, when the constituency was abolished by the Great Reform Act as a rotten borough.

He re-built Sydenham House and added such height and such a great amount of stone to it that his contemporary Risdon (died 1640) described Sydenham as:

Tristram Risdon Antiquarian, topographer

Tristram Risdon was an English antiquarian and topographer, and the author of Survey of the County of Devon. He was able to devote most of his life to writing this work. After he completed it in about 1632 it circulated around interested people in several manuscript copies for almost 80 years before it was first published by Curll in a very inferior form. A full version was not published until 1811. Risdon also collected information about genealogy and heraldry in a note-book; this was edited and published in 1897.

"Beautified with buildings of such height as the very foundation is ready to reel under the burthen". [14]

He also built a new mansion house on his ancestral estate at Stoke Damerel, which he named Mount Wise, [15] on a headland jutting out into Plymouth Sound. His contemporary the Devon historian Sir William Pole (died 1635) remarked as follows concerning the manor of Stoke Damerel and Sir Thomas Wise:

Plymouth Sound Bay at Plymouth, England, UK

Plymouth Sound, or locally just The Sound, is a bay on the English Channel at Plymouth in England.

William Pole (antiquary) English politician and antiquarian

Sir William Pole (1561–1635) of Colcombe House in the parish of Colyton, of Southcote in the parish of Talaton and formerly of Shute House in the parish of Shute, both in Devon, was an English country gentleman and landowner, a colonial investor, Member of Parliament and, most notably, a historian and antiquarian of the County of Devon.

"Hee hath bwilded heere, uppon an advanced ground a newe howse for his pleasure & named it Mount Wise, where Thomas (Wise) Esqr. his sonne now dwelleth, w(hi)ch hath married (Mary), daughter of Edward Lord Chichester, Vicont of Cairfergus ".

Marriage and children

In about 1600 [12] Wise married Margery Stafford (born 1583), daughter and sole heiress of Robert Stafford (died 1604) [16] of Stafford (alias Stoford) in the parish of Dolton in Devon. The surname of the Stafford family had anciently been Kelloway. By his wife he had children as follows: [12]

Dolton, Devon farm village in the United Kingdom

Dolton is a small village and civil parish in the Torridge district of Devon, in south-west England. The parish is surrounded, clockwise from the north, by the parishes of Beaford, Ashreigney, Winkleigh, Dowland, Meeth, Huish and Merton. The parish has a population of around 900. Dolton is in the electoral ward of Three Bridges which had a population at the 2011 census of 1,643.

Death and burial

Wise died in 1630 and was buried in Marystow Church, where survives his "splendid" [6] marble monument with eight Corinthian columns surrounded by other monuments to the Wise family. [21]

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References

  1. Dates per: Venning & Hunneyball
  2. 1 2 Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp.  onepage&q&f&#61, false 229–239.
  3. Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.791, pedigree of Wise
  4. Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of Cornwall: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1530, 1573 & 1620; with additions by J.L. Vivian, Exeter, 1887, p.56, pedigree of Buller
  5. Vivian, 1895, p.791, regnal date 5 Henry IV
  6. 1 2 3 4 Venning & Hunneyball
  7. Tim Venning / Paul Hunneyball, biography of Wise (Wyes), Sir Thomas (c. 1576 – 1630), of Sydenham, Marystow, Devon, published in History of Parliament, House of Commons 1604–1629, ed. Andrew Thrush and John P. Ferris, 2010
  8. Pole, p.332; Risdon, p.208
  9. "Stottiscombe", Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.791, pedigree of Wise
  10. Pole, p.325, "Stottescombe"
  11. modern: Staddiscombe in Plymstock
  12. 1 2 3 Vivian, 1895, p.791
  13. 1 2 John Burke A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain
  14. Risdon, Tristram (died 1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.219
  15. Pole, p.332, who identifies the builder as the father of Thomas Wise (c. 1605 – 1641), MP, who married Lady Mary Chichester, daughter of Edward Chichester, 1st Viscount Chichester of Carrickfergus in Ireland
  16. Vivian, 1895, p.712, pedigree of Stafford
  17. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/wise-thomas-1605-1641
  18. Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp.791, 654
  19. See also Vivian, p.791
  20. Visitation of Dorset 1677
  21. The Gentleman's magazine, Volume 150
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Thomas Crewe
Sir Richard White
Member of Parliament for Bere Alston
1621–1622
With: Thomas Keightley
Succeeded by
Wiliam Strode
Thomas Keightley