Thomas Wood (1777–1860)

Last updated

Thomas Wood (21 April 1777 – 26 January 1860) was an English Tory and later Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1806 to 1847.

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom Lower house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.

Contents

Life

Wood was the son of Thomas Wood and his wife Mary Williams, daughter and heiress of Sir Edward Williams of Langoid Castle and the grandson of Thomas Wood (1708-1799) and was educated at Harrow School (1788–95) and Oriel College, Oxford (1796). The family had accumulated considerable estates at Middleham, Yorkshire, Gwernyfed in Wales and Littleton and Astlam in Middlesex. He married Lady Caroline Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry; they had 4 sons and 2 daughters. His son Colonel Thomas Wood was MP for Middlesex.

Harrow School English independent school for boys

Harrow School is an independent boarding school for boys in Harrow, London, England. The School was founded in 1572 by John Lyon under a Royal Charter of Elizabeth I, and is one of the original seven public schools that were regulated by the Public Schools Act 1868. Harrow charges up to £12,850 per term, with three terms per academic year (2017/18). Harrow is the fourth most expensive boarding school in the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.

Oriel College, Oxford A college of the University of Oxford

Oriel College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in Oxford, England. Located in Oriel Square, the college has the distinction of being the oldest royal foundation in Oxford. In recognition of this royal connection, the college has also been known as King's College and King's Hall. The reigning monarch of the United Kingdom is the official Visitor of the College.

Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry Irish politician, born 1739

Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry PC (Ire), was an Irish politician and landowner, the father of politician Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh. He is an ancestor of Winston Churchill.

Wood commanded the Royal East Middlesex Regiment of Militia for fifty six years. [1]

In 1806 Wood was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Breconshire. He held the seat until 1847. [2] He was appointed High Sheriff of Breconshire for 1809–10. [3]

Breconshire or Brecknockshire was a constituency in Wales which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the English Parliament, and later to the Parliament of Great Britain and of the United Kingdom, between 1542 and 1918.

Wood and his wife enjoyed the friendship of members of the royal family. George IV visited the Woods at Gwernyfed and other royals visited them at Littleton. William IV nominated Wood to be one of his executors. [1]

George IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover

George IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later. From 1811 until his accession, he served as regent during his father's final mental illness.

William IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover 1830-1837

William IV was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837. The third son of George III, William succeeded his elder brother George IV, becoming the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover.

Wood remained colonel of the Militia and encamped with them at Aldershot in his eightieth year. [1] He died at home in Littleton, at the age of 82. [4]

Aldershot town in Hampshire, UK

Aldershot is a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England. It lies on heathland in the extreme northeast corner of the county, about 31.8 mi (51.2 km) southwest of London. The area is administered by Rushmoor Borough Council. The town has a population of 36,321, while the Aldershot Urban Area, a loose conurbation has a population of 243,344, making it the thirtieth-largest urban area in the UK.

Related Research Articles

Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond British politician

Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond and Lennox, 2nd Duke of Gordon,, 7th Duke of Aubigny, styled Lord Settrington until 1860 and Earl of March between 1860 and 1903, was a British politician and peer.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 8th Earl of Shaftesbury Bt DL, styled Lord Ashley between 1851 and 1885, was a British peer. Ashley was the son of Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury. He was commissioned a cornet in the Dorsetshire Yeomanry on 26 July 1856 and was promoted lieutenant on 21 January 1857. On 27 January 1857, he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Dorset. He resigned his Yeomanry commission in April 1859. He was Member of Parliament for Hull from 1857 to 1859 and Cricklade from 1859 to 1865. He was a patron and member of the Society for the Suppression of the Opium Trade.

Thomas Wood may refer to:

Three Cocks village in United Kingdom

Three Cocks or Aberllynfi is a village near Glasbury in Powys, Wales. The Welsh name refers to the mouth of the Afon Llynfi which enters the River Wye a mile from the village. The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye some 5 miles (8.5 km) to the North East.

Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 5th Baronet was a Welsh landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1794 to 1840.

Thomas Morgan (judge advocate) Welsh politician and lawyer of the 18th century

Thomas Morgan was a Welsh lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1723 to 1769.

Colonel Philip Jones was a Welsh military leader and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1650 and 1656. He rose to the rank of Colonel in the service of the Parliamentary Army under Fairfax during the English Civil War. As Governor of Swansea he successfully held the town against the Royalist forces.

George Anthony Legh Keck British politician

Colonel George Anthony Legh-Keck (1774–1860) was a British MP in the Georgian era who owned landed estates in Leicestershire and Lancashire.

George Byng (1764–1847) British politician

George Byng DL JP, of Wrotham Park in Middlesex, and of Wentworth House, 5, St James's Square, London, was a British Whig politician.

Lieutenant-General Thomas Wood was a British Army officer and a Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1837 to 1847.

Thomas WoodFRS, was a British politician. A member of the British Whig Party, he was Member of Parliament for Middlesex from 1779 to 1780. He was from Littleton from the later military Wood family.

George Byng (1735–1789) politician

George Byng of Wrotham Park in Middlesex, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1768 to 1784.

John Salusbury was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1626 and 1643. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.

Henry Williams was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1654 and 1659.

Sir Henry Williams was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1601 and 1624.

Watkin Williams, of Penbedw, near Flint, Denbighshire and Erbistock, Flintshire, was a Welsh politician and administrator.

Sir Thomas Williams, 1st Baronet was an English medical doctor and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1675 to 1679. He was "Chymical Physician" to King Charles II.

Ebenezer Fuller Maitland FRS was an English landowner and politician.

Sir Edward Williams (1659–1721) of Gwernyfed, Breconshire was a British politician who sat in the English House of Commons between 1697 and 1708 and in the British House of Commons from 1708 to 1721.

Humphrey Howorth British Member of Parliament (died 1755)

Sir Humphrey Howorth (c.1684–1755), of Maesllwch Castle, Radnorshire, was a British landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons for 33 years from 1722 to 1755.

References

  1. 1 2 3 National Archives
  2. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
  3. "WOOD, Thomas (1777-1860), of Gwernyfed, Brec. and Littleton Park, nr. Staines, Mdx". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  4. Thomas Wood, M.P., Parliamentary Representative for Brecknockshire, 1806-47. Brecknock Museum Publication. 1978. p. 31.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Charles Gould
Member of Parliament for Breconshire
18061847
Succeeded by
Joseph Bailey