Thomas Worrall Casey (13 October 1869 – 29 November 1949) was a British Liberal politician and Trade Union leader.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.
He was born in the Intake district of Sheffield, the son of William and Jemima Ann Casey. He was educated at Gleadless Church School. He was married in 1894. He had two sons and three daughters. In 1916 his eldest son was killed in the First World War, Alphius. His memorial can be found in Thiepval in the Lancaster regiment.
Intake is a suburb of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, England. The area contains Town Fields, a large area of public land based on Town Moor Avenue. It also contains 'Town Moor' which although contrary to popular belief is part of the Intake ward. Intake is largely a council estate built on the edge of Doncaster during the prosperous 1950s & 1960s. Intake is also home to Sandall Beat Woods.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 582,506 (mid-2018 est.) and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population. The metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000.
He started work at 12 years of age on a farm. At 13 he went to work at Birley Colliery, near Sheffield where he remained until 18 years of age. He was employed at this time as an engineman. He left and started at Cadeby Colliery, near Rotherham, as a winding engineman, and remained there for 24 years. On leaving he was presented with a Gold Hunter Watch by workmen and officials. He was elected as the General Secretary of the National Winding and General Engineers' Society serving for 25 years.
The National Winding and General Engineers' Society was a trade union in the United Kingdom. It primarily represented stationary engineers employed at underground coal mines to operate the winding engines which ran the mining hoists. The operation of the mining hoist was a crucial part of the operation of a colliery and the engineers who ran them were generally more skilled than the general mineworkers, who were represented by the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB). The demarcation between engineers and miners often led to conflict between the two unions, as the MFGB aimed to be an industrial union, representing all employees in coal mining. The engineers' union was affiliated to the Trades Union Congress. It merged with the Transport and General Workers' Union in 1935.
At the 1918 general election, Casey was elected for the Sheffield Attercliffe constituency. He benefitted from being endorsed by Prime Minister David Lloyd George.
The 1918 United Kingdom general election was called immediately after the Armistice with Germany which ended the First World War, and was held on Saturday, 14 December 1918. The governing coalition, under Prime Minister David Lloyd George, sent letters of endorsement to candidates who supported the coalition government. These were nicknamed ‘Coalition Coupons’, and led to the election being known as the ‘coupon election’. The result was a massive landslide in favour of the coalition, comprising primarily the Conservatives and Coalition Liberals, with massive losses for Liberals who were not endorsed. Nearly all the Liberal MPs without coupons were defeated, although party leader H. H. Asquith managed to return to Parliament in a by-election.
Sheffield Attercliffe was a parliamentary constituency in the City of Sheffield. It was created at the 1885 general election and abolished at the 2010 general election, when it was replaced by a new Sheffield South East constituency.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician. He was the last Liberal to serve as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
|Coalition Liberal||Thomas Worrall Casey||12,308||65.3|
|Coalition Liberal gain from Labour||Swing|
In parliament, he joined Lloyd George's Liberal group that was to form itself into the National Liberal Party. He lost his seat at the 1922 general election.
The National Liberal Party was a liberal political party in the United Kingdom from 1922–23. It was created as a formal party organisation for those Liberals, led by Prime Minister David Lloyd George, who supported the Coalition Government (1918–22) and subsequently a revival of the Coalition, after it ceased holding office. It was officially a breakaway from the Liberal Party. The National Liberals ceased to exist in 1923 when Lloyd George agreed a merger with the Liberal Party.
The 1922 United Kingdom general election was held on Wednesday 15 November 1922. It was the first general election held after most of Ireland left the United Kingdom to form the Irish Free State, and was won by the Conservatives led by Bonar Law, who gained an overall majority over Labour, led by J. R. Clynes, and a divided Liberal Party.
|National Liberal||Thomas Worrall Casey||7,562||31.8|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
Following Liberal reunion in 1923 he contested Ilkeston in 1923,
Ilkeston is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by one Member of Parliament. In 1983 it was abolished, together with South East Derbyshire, when the Derbyshire county constituencies were redrawn - the constituencies of Amber Valley and Erewash were created and the constituency of South Derbyshire was re-created. The constituency of Bolsover was not abolished although it was created in 1950 together with South East Derbyshire.
The 1923 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 6 December 1923. The Conservatives, led by Stanley Baldwin, won the most seats, but Labour, led by Ramsay MacDonald, and H. H. Asquith's reunited Liberal Party gained enough seats to produce a hung parliament. It was the last UK general election in which a third party won more than 100 seats, or received more than 26% of the vote.
|Unionist||William Marshall Freeman||6,566||30.0||+5.3|
|Liberal||Thomas Worrall Casey||6,112||27.9||-7.4|
He then moved to contest Gloucester in 1929 as a Liberal. He finally fought Rotherham in 1935 as a Liberal National.
|Liberal National||Thomas Worrall Casey||14,298||32.5|
With this final loss, he gave up on Parliamentary politics. He was elected to Mexborough Urban District Council. He was a Justice of the Peace in the city of Sheffield. He was a Methodist lay preacher for 60 years.
He died in Sheffield aged 80.
Sheffield, Brightside was a parliamentary constituency in the City of Sheffield. Created for the 1885 general election, and replaced at the 2010 general election by the new constituency of Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough, it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, using the first-past-the-post voting system.
Sir John Tudor Walters PC was a Welsh architect, surveyor and Liberal Party politician. He served as Paymaster-General under David Lloyd George from 1919 to 1922 and once again briefly in 1931 under Ramsay MacDonald.
Sir Robert John Thomas, 1st Baronet was a Welsh businessman and Liberal Party politician, who was twice elected to Parliament.
Henry Graham White, known as Graham White was a radical British Liberal Party politician.
Frederick Hall was a British Liberal Party or Lib-Lab then Labour Party politician who was an official of the Yorkshire Miners' Association.
The Eastbourne by-election, 1925 was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Eastbourne, Sussex on 17 June 1925.
The Wansbeck by-election, 1929 was a by-election held on 13 February 1929 for the British House of Commons constituency of Wansbeck.
Arthur Neal was a British politician.
Sir John Nicholson Barran, 2nd Baronet was a British Liberal Party politician.
The Pontefract by-election, 1919 was a parliamentary by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Pontefract in Yorkshire on 6 September 1919.
James Dundas White, known as J. D. White, was a Scottish Liberal Party politician. He was Member of Parliament (MP) from 1906 to 1918, with a short break in 1911.
Arthur Richardson was a British merchant and Liberal–Labour politician from Nottingham. He sat in the House of Commons from 1906 to 1918.
The Anglesey by-election, 1923 was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Anglesey on 7 April 1923.
The Aylesbury by-election, 1938 was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Aylesbury on 24 February 1938.
Joseph Burton Hobman was a British Liberal Party politician and journalist.
The North Cumberland by-election of 1926 was held on 17 September 1926. The by-election was held due to the succession to the peerage of the incumbent Conservative MP, Donald Howard. It was won by the Conservative candidate Fergus Graham.
Charles Neville Douglas Dixey, known as Neville Dixey, was a British Liberal Party politician who was Chairman of Lloyd's of London three times, as an underwriter he specialised in the marine insurance market.
Myles Harper Parker was an English Labour Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1922 to 1924.
His Honour Sir Thomas Artemus Jones KC LLD, was a Welsh Judge, journalist, nationalist and Liberal Party politician who campaigned for the Welsh language.
Cuthbert Snowball Rewcastle, was a British judge and Liberal Party politician.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Sheffield Attercliffe |