Thomas Worrall Casey

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Thomas Casey

Thomas Worrall Casey (13 October 1869 – 29 November 1949) was a British Liberal politician and Trade Union leader.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

Contents

Background

He was born in the Intake district of Sheffield, the son of William and Jemima Ann Casey. He was educated at Gleadless Church School. He was married in 1894. He had two sons and three daughters. In 1916 his eldest son was killed in the First World War, Alphius. His memorial can be found in Thiepval in the Lancaster regiment. [1]

Intake, South Yorkshire

Intake is a suburb of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, England. The area contains Town Fields, a large area of public land based on Town Moor Avenue. It also contains 'Town Moor' which although contrary to popular belief is part of the Intake ward. Intake is largely a council estate built on the edge of Doncaster during the prosperous 1950s & 1960s. Intake is also home to Sandall Beat Woods.

Sheffield City and Metropolitan borough in England

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 582,506 (mid-2018 est.) and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population. The metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000.

Trade Unionism

He started work at 12 years of age on a farm. At 13 he went to work at Birley Colliery, near Sheffield where he remained until 18 years of age. He was employed at this time as an engineman. He left and started at Cadeby Colliery, near Rotherham, as a winding engineman, and remained there for 24 years. On leaving he was presented with a Gold Hunter Watch by workmen and officials. He was elected as the General Secretary of the National Winding and General Engineers' Society serving for 25 years.

The National Winding and General Engineers' Society was a trade union in the United Kingdom. It primarily represented stationary engineers employed at underground coal mines to operate the winding engines which ran the mining hoists. The operation of the mining hoist was a crucial part of the operation of a colliery and the engineers who ran them were generally more skilled than the general mineworkers, who were represented by the Miners' Federation of Great Britain (MFGB). The demarcation between engineers and miners often led to conflict between the two unions, as the MFGB aimed to be an industrial union, representing all employees in coal mining. The engineers' union was affiliated to the Trades Union Congress. It merged with the Transport and General Workers' Union in 1935.

Politics

At the 1918 general election, Casey was elected for the Sheffield Attercliffe constituency. He benefitted from being endorsed by Prime Minister David Lloyd George.

1918 United Kingdom general election

The 1918 United Kingdom general election was called immediately after the Armistice with Germany which ended the First World War, and was held on Saturday, 14 December 1918. The governing coalition, under Prime Minister David Lloyd George, sent letters of endorsement to candidates who supported the coalition government. These were nicknamed ‘Coalition Coupons’, and led to the election being known as the ‘coupon election’. The result was a massive landslide in favour of the coalition, comprising primarily the Conservatives and Coalition Liberals, with massive losses for Liberals who were not endorsed. Nearly all the Liberal MPs without coupons were defeated, although party leader H. H. Asquith managed to return to Parliament in a by-election.

Sheffield Attercliffe (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885-2010

Sheffield Attercliffe was a parliamentary constituency in the City of Sheffield. It was created at the 1885 general election and abolished at the 2010 general election, when it was replaced by a new Sheffield South East constituency.

David Lloyd George Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician. He was the last Liberal to serve as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

General election 1918: Sheffield Attercliffe [2] Electorate 35,923
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Coalition Liberal Thomas Worrall Casey12,30865.3
Labour William Anderson 6,53934.7
Majority5,76930.6
Turnout 52.5
Coalition Liberal gain from Labour Swing

In parliament, he joined Lloyd George's Liberal group that was to form itself into the National Liberal Party. He lost his seat at the 1922 general election.

The National Liberal Party was a liberal political party in the United Kingdom from 1922–23. It was created as a formal party organisation for those Liberals, led by Prime Minister David Lloyd George, who supported the Coalition Government (1918–22) and subsequently a revival of the Coalition, after it ceased holding office. It was officially a breakaway from the Liberal Party. The National Liberals ceased to exist in 1923 when Lloyd George agreed a merger with the Liberal Party.

1922 United Kingdom general election

The 1922 United Kingdom general election was held on Wednesday 15 November 1922. It was the first general election held after most of Ireland left the United Kingdom to form the Irish Free State, and was won by the Conservatives led by Bonar Law, who gained an overall majority over Labour, led by J. R. Clynes, and a divided Liberal Party.

General election 1922: Sheffield Attercliffe [3] Electorate 34,671
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Cecil Wilson 16,20668.2
National Liberal Thomas Worrall Casey7,56231.8
Majority8,64436.4
Turnout 68.6
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Following Liberal reunion in 1923 he contested Ilkeston in 1923,

Ilkeston (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885-1983

Ilkeston is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by one Member of Parliament. In 1983 it was abolished, together with South East Derbyshire, when the Derbyshire county constituencies were redrawn - the constituencies of Amber Valley and Erewash were created and the constituency of South Derbyshire was re-created. The constituency of Bolsover was not abolished although it was created in 1950 together with South East Derbyshire.

1923 United Kingdom general election

The 1923 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 6 December 1923. The Conservatives, led by Stanley Baldwin, won the most seats, but Labour, led by Ramsay MacDonald, and H. H. Asquith's reunited Liberal Party gained enough seats to produce a hung parliament. It was the last UK general election in which a third party won more than 100 seats, or received more than 26% of the vote.

General election 1923: Ilkeston [4] Electorate 31,503
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour George Oliver 9,19142.1+2.1
Unionist William Marshall Freeman6,56630.0+5.3
Liberal Thomas Worrall Casey6,11227.9-7.4
Majority2,62512.1+7.4
Turnout 69.4-7.4
Labour hold Swing -1.6

He then moved to contest Gloucester in 1929 as a Liberal. He finally fought Rotherham in 1935 as a Liberal National.

General election 1935: Rotherham [5] Electorate
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour William Dobbie 29,72567.5
Liberal National Thomas Worrall Casey14,29832.5
Majority15,42735.0
Turnout 76.7
Labour hold Swing

With this final loss, he gave up on Parliamentary politics. He was elected to Mexborough Urban District Council. He was a Justice of the Peace in the city of Sheffield. He was a Methodist lay preacher for 60 years.

He died in Sheffield aged 80.

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References

  1. ‘CASEY, Thomas Worrall’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 1 Jan 2014
  2. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  3. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  4. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  5. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Anderson
Member of Parliament for Sheffield Attercliffe
19181922
Succeeded by
Cecil Wilson