Thomas Worthington (governor)

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Thomas Worthington
Thomas Worthington at statehouse.jpg
6th Governor of Ohio
In office
December 8, 1814 December 14, 1818
Preceded by Othniel Looker
Succeeded by Ethan Allen Brown
United States Senator
from Ohio
In office
December 15, 1810 December 1, 1814
Preceded by Return J. Meigs, Jr.
Succeeded by Joseph Kerr
In office
April 1, 1803 March 4, 1807
Preceded byInaugural holder
Succeeded by Edward Tiffin
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives from Ross County
In office
1803–1803
Preceded bynew district
Succeeded byWilliam Creighton, Jr.
James Dunlap
John Evans
Elias Langham
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives from Ross, Franklin and Highland counties
In office
1807–1808
Preceded byJames Dunlap
Nathaniel Massie
David Shelby
Abraham J. Williams
Succeeded byDistrict eliminated
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives from Ross, Franklin and Highland counties
In office
1821–1823
Preceded byJohn Bailhache
John Entrekin
William Vance
Succeeded byGeorge Nashee
Allison C. Looker
Edward King
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives from Ross
In office
1824–1825
Preceded byGeorge Nashee
Allison C. Looker
Edward King
Succeeded byIsaac Cook
Edward King
Personal details
Born(1773-07-16)July 16, 1773
near Charles Town, Colony of Virginia, British America
(now Charles Town, West Virginia)
DiedJune 20, 1827(1827-06-20) (aged 53)
New York City, U.S.
Political party Democratic-Republican
Residence Adena Mansion

Thomas Worthington (July 16, 1773 June 20, 1827) was a Democratic-Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the sixth Governor of Ohio.

Ohio U.S. state in the United States

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus. Ohio is bordered by Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, and West Virginia on the southeast.

Contents

Early life

Worthington was born in Berkeley County near Charles Town in the Colony of Virginia (his birthplace is now located within the modern-day state of West Virginia). In 1796, he married a Virginia woman, Eleanor Swearingen, who joined him in emigrating to Ross County, Ohio , where they emancipated their slaves. The home they eventually built just outside Chillicothe was called Adena and is the namesake of the Adena culture.[ citation needed ] The first of their ten children, daughter Mary, married David Macomb, a future leader of the Texas Revolution. Their first son, James, graduated from West Point, held the rank of Brigadier General in the Ohio Militia, and later fought in the Mexican-American and Civil Wars.

Charles Town, West Virginia City in West Virginia, United States

Charles Town is a city in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States, and is also the county seat. The population was 5,259 at the 2010 census.

Colony of Virginia English/British possession in North America (1607–1776)

The Colony of Virginia, chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607, was the first enduring English colony in North America, following failed proprietary attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, and the subsequent further south Roanoke Island by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s.

West Virginia U.S. state in the United States

West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States, and is also considered to be a part of the Mid-Atlantic Southeast Region. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 41st largest state by area, and is ranked 38th in population. The capital and largest city is Charleston.

Career

He served in the Territorial House of Representatives from 1799 to 1803 and served as a Ross county delegate to the State Constitutional Convention in 1802. [1] He was a leader of the Chillicothe Junto, a group of Chillicothe Democratic-Republican politicians who brought about the admission of Ohio as a state in 1803 and largely controlled its politics for some years thereafter. Among his colleagues in the faction were Nathaniel Massie and Edward Tiffin. [2]

Ross County, Ohio U.S. county in Ohio

Ross County is a county in the Appalachian region of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 78,064. Its county seat is Chillicothe, the first and third capital of Ohio. Established on August 20, 1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania.

Ohio Constitutional Convention (1802)

The Enabling Act of 1802 was passed on April 30, 1802, by the Seventh Congress of the United States. This act authorized the residents of the eastern portion of the Northwest Territory to form the state of Ohio and join the U.S. on an equal footing with the other states. In doing so it also established the precedent and procedures for creation of future states in the western territories.

The Chillicothe Junto was a term applied to a group of Chillicothe, Ohio Democratic-Republican politicians who brought about the admission of Ohio as a state (1803) and largely controlled its politics for some years thereafter. The best known were Thomas Worthington, Edward Tiffin and Nathaniel Massie.

Worthington was elected one of Ohio's first Senators in 1803, serving until 1807. He was returned to the Senate in December 1810 upon the resignation of Return J. Meigs, Jr. and served until December 1814, when he resigned after winning election to the governorship. On June 17, 1812, he voted "No" on the resolution to declare war on Britain, but the vote in favor of war was 19 to 13. He won re-election as governor two years later, moving the state capital from Chillicothe to Columbus. Worthington did not seek re-election in 1818.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C.

Columbus, Ohio Capital of Ohio

Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Ohio. With a population of 892,533 as of 2018 estimates, it is the 14th-most populous city in the United States and one of the fastest growing large cities in the nation. This makes Columbus the third-most populous state capital in the US and the second-most populous city in the Midwest. It is the core city of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses ten counties. With a population of 2,078,725, it is Ohio's second-largest metropolitan area.

He platted what would become the city of Logan, Ohio in 1816. [3]

Logan, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Logan is a city in Hocking County, Ohio, United States. The population was 7,152 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Hocking County. Logan is located in southeast Ohio, on the Hocking River 48 miles southeast of Columbus. The current mayor of Logan is Republican Greg Fraunfelter, who began a four-year term in January 2016.

In January 1819, when the election was held to replace the retiring Jeremiah Morrow in the Senate, he held the lead through the first three ballots, only losing when factions aligned behind William A. Trimble on the fourth and final ballot. [4] He narrowly lost a bid for a partial term in the Senate in 1821, losing to the incumbent governor, Ethan Allen Brown, and so he instead returned to the Ohio House of Representatives.

William A. Trimble American politician

William Allen Trimble was a Democratic-Republican politician from Ohio. He served in the United States Senate.

Ethan Allen Brown American judge

Ethan Allen Brown was a Democratic-Republican politician. He served as the seventh Governor of Ohio.

Ohio House of Representatives lower house of the Ohio General Assembly

The Ohio House of Representatives is the lower house of the Ohio General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio; the other house of the bicameral legislature being the Ohio Senate.

After being the runner-up in the 1808 [5] and 1810 [6] gubernatorial elections, he won the 1814 [7] and 1816 elections [8] by landslide margins. Both times he nearly reached three-quarters of the vote. After two terms he stepped down as governor.

Death

Worthington was initially buried at his estate in Adena, and was later interred at Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio.[ citation needed ]

Legacy

Worthington is a member of the Ohio Hall Of Fame. The city of Worthington, Ohio, was named in Worthington's honor, as was Thomas Worthington High School.

Worthington is known as the "Father of the Ohio statehood". [9]

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References

  1. "First Constitutional Convention, Convened November 1, 1802". Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications . V: 131–132. 1896.
  2. "Thomas Worthington." Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1936. Biography in Context. Web. January 13, 2016.
  3. "Hocking County / 1-37 Thomas Worthington Founder of Logan - Remarkable Ohio". www.remarkableohio.org.
  4. The "Old Northwest" Genealogical Quarterly. April 1903. Page 34.
  5. "Our Campaigns - OH Governor Race - Oct 11, 1808". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  6. "Our Campaigns - OH Governor Race - Oct 09, 1810". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. "Our Campaigns - OH Governor Race - Oct 11, 1814". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  8. "Our Campaigns - OH Governor Race - Oct 08, 1816". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  9. "Grandview Cemetery". Grandview Cemetery. Retrieved July 29, 2012.

Sources

Wikisource-logo.svg  "Worthington, Thomas"  . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography . 1900.