Dr Thomas Wright FRS FRSE FGS (9 November 1809 – 17 November 1884) was a Scottish surgeon and palaeontologist.
Wright published a number of papers on the fossils which he had collected in the Cotswolds and elsewhere, including Lias Ammonites of the British Isles, and monographs on the British fossil echinoderms of the Oolitic (Jurassic) and Cretaceous formations .
Wright was born in Paisley on 9 November 1809 the son of Thomas Wright and his wife, Barbara Jarvis, and was educated at Paisley Grammar School.
He studied Medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland based in Dublin. He returned to Scotland to practice and received his doctorate (MD) from St Andrews University in 1846.
In 1846 he moved to Cheltenham, where he became medical officer of health to the urban district, and surgeon at Cheltenham General Hospital.
In 1855 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh his proposer being Sir William Jardine. In 1859 he was elected a Fellow of the Geological Society in London. He won the Wollaston Medal in 1878 and became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1879.
After his death part of his fossil collection was sold to the British Museum.
He married twice: firstly around 1830 to Elizabeth May; secondly in 1845 to Mary Ricketts (d.1878), youngest daughter of Sir Robert Tristram Ricketts.
He had one son, Thomas Lawrence Wright, and two daughters, the elder of which married the geologist Edward Wethered.
Bolodon is a genus of extinct mammal from the Lower Cretaceous of Europe and North America. It was a member of the extinct order of Multituberculata and belongs to the suborder Plagiaulacida and family Plagiaulacidae.
Peter Martin Duncan FRS was an English palaeontologist.
Brittle stars or ophiuroids are echinoderms in the class Ophiuroidea closely related to starfish. They crawl across the sea floor using their flexible arms for locomotion. The ophiuroids generally have five long, slender, whip-like arms which may reach up to 60 cm (24 in) in length on the largest specimens. They are also known as serpent stars; the New Latin class name Ophiuroidea is derived from the Ancient Greek ὄφις, meaning "serpent".
Henry Bolingbroke Woodward was an English geologist and paleontologist known for his research on fossil crustaceans and other arthropods.
Thomas Rupert Jones FRS was a British geologist and palaeontologist.
Altispinax is a genus of large predatory theropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Wadhurst Clay Formation of East Sussex, England.
Aristosuchus was a small coelurosaurian dinosaur whose name was derived from the Greek ἄριστος and σουχος. It shared many characteristics with birds.
Nuthetes is the name given to a dubious, possibly dromaeosaurid, genus of theropod dinosaur, known only from fossil teeth and jaw fragments found in rocks of the middle Berriasian age in the Cherty Freshwater Member of the Lulworth Formation in England. As a dromaeosaurid Nuthetes would have been a small predator, about two metres long.
Lonchodectes was a genus of lonchodectid pterosaur from several formations dating to the Turonian of England, mostly in the area around Kent. The species belonging to it had been assigned to Ornithocheirus until David Unwin's work of the 1990s and 2000s. Several potential species are known; most are based on scrappy remains, and have gone through several other generic assignments. The genus is part of the complex taxonomy issues surrounding Early Cretaceous pterosaurs from Brazil and England, such as Amblydectes, Anhanguera, Coloborhynchus, and Ornithocheirus.
"Palaeornis" cliftii is a pterosaur species known from parts of a single humerus found in the early Cretaceous (Valanginian) of the upper Tunbridge Wells Sand Formation, England.
Henry Hurd Swinnerton (1875–1966) was a British geologist. He was professor of geology at University College Nottingham from 1910 to 1946.
Leslie Reginald Cox FRS was an English palaeontologist and malacologist.
Theriosuchus is an extinct genus of atoposaurid mesoeucrocodylian from Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous of Europe, Southeast Asia (Thailand) and western North America (Wyoming), with fragmentary records from Middle Jurassic and Early Cretaceous sites in China, Morocco, and Scotland.
The Palaeontographical Society is a learned society, established in 1847, and is the oldest extant Society devoted to the advancement of palaeontological knowledge.
Pleurosternon is an extinct genus of cryptodire turtle from the late Jurassic period to the early Cretaceous period. Its type species, P. bullocki was described by the paleontologist Richard Owen in 1853. Since then, and throughout the late 19th century, many fossil turtles were incorrectly assigned to this genus.
This list of fossil echinoderms described in 2014 is a list of new taxa of echinoderms of every kind that have been described during the year 2014. The list only includes taxa at the level of genus or species.
Diplomoceratidae is a family of ammonites included in the order Ammonitida. Fossils of species within this genus have been found in the Cretaceous sediments.(age range: from 99.7 to 66.043 million years ago).
Gustave Honoré Cotteau was a French judge, naturalist and paleontologist.
Serradraco is a genus of Early Cretaceous pterodactyloid pterosaur from the Valanginian aged Tunbridge Wells Sand Formation in England. Named by Rigal et al. in 2017 with the description of a second specimen, it contains a single species, S. sagittirostris, which was formerly considered a species of Lonchodectes, L. sagittirostris.
Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2018.
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