Thomas Wright (geologist)

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Thomas Wright
A Jurassic fossil ammonite, Arietites bucklandi, from Wright's monograph on Lias Ammonites Wright 0009 Arietites bucklandi.jpg
A Jurassic fossil ammonite, Arietites bucklandi, from Wright's monograph on Lias Ammonites

Thomas Wright FRS (9 November 1809 – 17 November 1884) was a Scottish surgeon and palaeontologist. [1]

Wright published a number of papers on the fossils which he had collected in the Cotswolds and elsewhere, including Lias Ammonites of the British Isles [2] , and monographs on the British fossil echinoderms of the Oolitic (Jurassic) and Cretaceous formations [3] [4] [5] [6] .

Cotswolds protected area in south central England

The Cotswolds is an area in south central England comprising the Cotswold Hills, a range of rolling hills that rise from the meadows of the upper Thames to an escarpment, known as the Cotswold Edge, above the Severn Valley and Evesham Vale. The area is defined by the bedrock of Jurassic limestone that creates a type of grassland habitat rare in the UK and that is quarried for the golden-coloured Cotswold stone. It contains unique features derived from the use of this mineral; the predominantly rural landscape contains stone-built villages, historical towns and stately homes and gardens.

The Jurassic was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period 201.3 million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period 145 Mya. The Jurassic constitutes the middle period of the Mesozoic Era, also known as the Age of Reptiles. The start of the period was marked by the major Triassic–Jurassic extinction event. Two other extinction events occurred during the period: the Pliensbachian-Toarcian extinction in the Early Jurassic, and the Tithonian event at the end; however, neither event ranks among the "Big Five" mass extinctions.

The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period 145 million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period 66 mya. It is the last period of the Mesozoic Era, and the longest period of the Phanerozoic Eon. The Cretaceous Period is usually abbreviated K, for its German translation Kreide.

Wright was born in Paisley and studied at the Royal college of Surgeons in Dublin. In 1846 he moved to Cheltenham, where he became medical officer of health to the urban district, and surgeon at Cheltenham General Hospital. He won the Wollaston Medal in 1878 and became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1879.

Dublin capital and largest city in Ireland

Dublin is the capital of, and largest city in, Ireland. It is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the Wicklow mountains. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region, as of 2016, was 1,347,359, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806.

Cheltenham Place in England

Cheltenham is a regency spa town and borough on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Gloucestershire, England. Cheltenham has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springs in 1716 and has a number of internationally renowned and historic schools.

Cheltenham General Hospital Hospital in Cheltenham, United Kingdom

Cheltenham General Hospital is an NHS district general hospital in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, run by Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. It provides general hospital services including Accident and Emergency.

After his death part of his fossil collection was sold to the British Museum.

British Museum National museum in the Bloomsbury area of London

The British Museum, in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture. Its permanent collection of some eight million works is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence, having been widely sourced during the era of the British Empire. It documents the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present. It was the first public national museum in the world.

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References

  1. Wikisource-logo.svg  "Wright, Thomas (1809-1884)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  2. Wright, Thomas (1878–1886). Monograph on the Lias Ammonites of the British Isles. London: The Palaeontographical Society.CS1 maint: Date format (link). Text Plates
  3. Wright, Thomas (1857–1878). Monograph on the British fossil Echinodermata of the Oolitic formations. Volume I - The Echinoidea. London: The Palaeontographical Society.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  4. Wright, Thomas (1863–1880). Monograph on the British fossil Echinodermata of the Oolitic formations. Volume II - The Asteroidea and Ophiuroidea. London: The Palaeontographical Society.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  5. Wright, Thomas (1864–1882). Monograph on the British fossil Echinodermata of the Cretaceous formations. Volume I - The Echinoidea. London: The Palaeontographical Society.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  6. Sladen, W. Percy; Spencer, W.K. (1891–1908). Monograph on the British fossil Echinodermata of the Cretaceous formations. Volume II - The Asteroidea and Ophiuroidea. London: The Palaeontographical Society.CS1 maint: Date format (link) Complied by Sladen & Spencer after Wright's death.
<i>Encyclopædia Britannica</i> Eleventh Edition 11th edition of Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–11) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. It was developed during the encyclopaedia's transition from a British to an American publication. Some of its articles were written by the best-known scholars of the time. This edition of the encyclopedia, containing 40,000 entries, is now in the public domain, and many of its articles have been used as a basis for articles in Wikipedia. However, the outdated nature of some of its content makes its use as a source for modern scholarship problematic. Some articles have special value and interest to modern scholars as cultural artifacts of the 19th and early 20th centuries.