Thomas Young Duncan

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Thomas Young Duncan
Thomas Young Duncan.jpg
3rd Minister of Agriculture
In office
2 July 1900 6 August 1906
Prime Minister Richard Seddon
Preceded by John McKenzie
Succeeded by Robert McNab
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Oamaru
In office
5 December 1890 7 December 1911
Preceded by Thomas William Hislop
Succeeded by Ernest Lee
New Zealand Legislative Councillor
In office
13 June 1912 18 August 1914†
Appointed by Joseph Ward
Personal details
Plumbridge, Ireland
Died18 August 1914
New Zealand
Political party Liberal

Thomas Young Duncan (1836 – 18 August 1914) was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party.

The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.


Early life

Born at Plumbridge, County Tyrone, Ireland, in 1836, Duncan was educated at Castledamph National School. In 1858 he went to Victoria where he worked on the goldfields, and then in 1862 followed the gold rush to Central Otago in New Zealand. After little success, he began farming at Pukeuri, north of Oamaru, and lived there for the remainder of his life. [1]

Plumbridge village in United Kingdom

Plumbridge is a small village in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is a crossroads village, standing on the banks of the Glenelly River. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 267 people. It lies within Derry and Strabane District area.

County Tyrone Place

County Tyrone is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. It is no longer used as an administrative division for local government but retains a strong identity in popular culture.

Victoria (Australia) State in Australia

Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, thus making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Geographically the smallest state on the Australian mainland, Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south, New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.

Political career

New Zealand Parliament
1881 1884 8th Waitaki Independent
1884 1887 9th Waitaki Independent
1887 1890 10th Waitaki Independent
1890 1893 11th Oamaru Liberal
1893 1896 12th Oamaru Liberal
1896 1899 13th Oamaru Liberal
1899 1902 14th Oamaru Liberal
1902 1905 15th Oamaru Liberal
1905 1908 16th Oamaru Liberal
1908 1911 17th Oamaru Liberal

He represented the Waitaki electorate from 1881 to 1890 and then the Oamaru electorate from 1890 to 1911, when he was defeated by Ernest Lee. [2] He was appointed to the New Zealand Legislative Council on 13 June 1912 and served until his death in 1914. [3]

Waitaki (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.

Oamaru was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, during three periods between 1866 and 1978.

Ernest Lee New Zealand politician

Ernest Page Lee was a New Zealand lawyer and politician of the Reform Party.


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New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Samuel Shrimski
George Jones
Member of Parliament for Waitaki
Succeeded by
John McKenzie
Preceded by
Thomas William Hislop
Member of Parliament for Oamaru
Succeeded by
Ernest Lee