Thomas Young Simons (October 1, 1828 – April 30, 1878) was an American lawyer and politician.
Simons, third son of Dr. Thomas Y. Simons, was born in Charleston, S. C., October 1, 1828. He graduated from Yale College in 1847. For two years after leaving College he taught in the Charleston High School, preparing himself at the same time for admission to the bar. In 1850 he was admitted to practice, and except during the period covered by the American Civil War, continued to practice uninterruptedly in Charleston to the time of his death. He represented his native city in the South Carolina General Assembly from 1854 to 1860, and in the latter year was one of the Presidential electors for South Carolina. He was also a member of the State Convention which passed the ordinance of secession in December, 1860, and during the war which followed served as an officer in the Confederate service, first as Captain of the 27th Regiment, S. C. Volunteers, and later as Judge Advocate. In September, 1865, he became editor-in-chief of the Charleston Courier , and continued to act in this capacity until April, 1873. This, joined with the labors of a lawyer in large practice, did much to impair his strength and to lay the foundation for his last illness. In the later years of his life he was prominently identified with the efforts to secure local self-government and the creation of a Union Reform party, in South Carolina. He died after a long illness, in Charleston, April 30, 1878, in his 50th year.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city lies just south of the geographical midpoint of South Carolina's coastline and is located on Charleston Harbor, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the confluence of the Ashley, Cooper, and Wando rivers. Charleston had an estimated population of 134,875 in 2017. The estimated population of the Charleston metropolitan area, comprising Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester counties, was 761,155 residents in 2016, the third-largest in the state and the 78th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States.
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.
The South Carolina General Assembly, also called the South Carolina Legislature, is the state legislature of the U.S. state of South Carolina. The legislature is bicameral and consists of the lower South Carolina House of Representatives and the upper South Carolina Senate. Altogether, the General Assembly consists of 170 members. The legislature convenes at the State House in Columbia.
He was married in July, 1852, to Annie L. Ancram.
James Gadsden was an American diplomat, soldier and businessman for whom is named the Gadsden Purchase, land which the United States bought from Mexico and which became the southern portions of Arizona and New Mexico. James Gadsden served as Adjutant General of the U. S. Army from August 13, 1821 – March 22, 1822. Between 1853 and 1856, he served as U. S. Minister to Mexico. He was known commonly as General Gadsden, although he never had a rank above Colonel.
Henry Timrod was an American poet, often called the poet laureate of the Confederacy.
Robert Young Hayne was an American lawyer, planter and politician. He served in the United States Senate from 1823 to 1832, as Governor of South Carolina 1832–1834, and as Mayor of Charleston 1836–1837. He was vocal proponent of the states' rights doctrine, in collaboration with John C. Calhoun and James Hamilton, Jr.
Christopher Gustavus Memminger was a German-born American politician and one of the founding fathers of the Confederate States. He was the principal author of the Provisional Constitution (1861), as well as the founder of the nation's financial system. As the first Confederate States Secretary of the Treasury, Memminger was the main author of the economic policies of the Jefferson Davis administration.
William Loughton Smith was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat from Charleston, South Carolina. He represented South Carolina in the United States House of Representatives from 1789 until 1797, during which time he served as chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means.
George Alfred Trenholm was a South Carolina businessman, financier, politician, and slaveholding planter who owned several plantations and strongly supported the Confederate States of America. He was appointed as its Secretary of the Treasury during the final year of the American Civil War.
John Geddes was the 47th Governor of South Carolina from 1818 to 1820.
James Lindsay Seward was an American politician and lawyer.
Macon Bolling Allen is believed to be both the first African American licensed to practice law and to hold a judicial position in the United States. Allen passed the bar exam in Maine in 1844 and became a Massachusetts Justice of the Peace in 1848. He moved to South Carolina after the American Civil War to practice law and was elected as a probate court judge in 1874. Following the Reconstruction Era, he moved to Washington, D.C., where he worked as an attorney for the Land and Improvement Association.
Samuel Dibble was a lawyer, educator and U.S. Representative from South Carolina.
Richard Woodward Colcock was the second Superintendent of the South Carolina Military Academy from 1844 through 1852.
John Drayton was a South Carolinian judge and politician; he was Governor of South Carolina from 1800 to 1802 and 1808 to 1810. As governor, he was noted for establishing South Carolina College, and for championing the removal of property restrictions on the franchise. He served as a United States district judge in South Carolina from 1812 until his death.
John Azor Kellogg was an American military leader, lawyer, and politician from Wisconsin. He was one of the founders of the Republican Party.
Wilmot Gibbes de Saussure was a brigadier general in the South Carolina militia, who served along with the Confederate States Army in South Carolina at various times during the American Civil War. As a colonel, he led his regiment in the occupation of Fort Moultrie and the bombardment of Fort Sumter at the beginning of the war. He was appointed brigadier general as well as adjutant general and inspector general of South Carolina militia in 1862. He commanded part of the Charleston defenses during the Union siege of the city in 1863. He also led his men in opposition to Major General William T. Sherman's march through the Carolinas.
James Adger Smyth was Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina for two terms between 1896 and 1903.
Young John Pope was a South Carolina lawyer, mayor, attorney general, and chief justice on the South Carolina Supreme Court.
Thomas Hutson Gregorie was an American physician and politician.
Frederick Adolphus Porcher was an American politician and educator.
Albert Simons, had a sixty-year career as an architect and preservationist in Charleston, South Carolina, where he is known for his preservation work and architectural design. He played a key role in the Charleston Renaissance. Simons helped to create many nationally prominent preservation functions such as the zoning ordinance for the historic district, the first such ordinance in America, with municipal austerity, and the first Board of Architectural Review. As a professor at the College of Charleston for over 20 years, he started the School of the Arts whose building is named after him and is honored yearly through the Simons Medal of Excellence.
Edward McCrady was an American politician.