Thomas Z. Morrow

Last updated
Thomas Z. Morrow
Thomas Z Morrow.jpg
Circuit Court Judge for Kentucky's 8th district
In office
1886–1903
Personal details
Born
Thomas Zanzinger Morrow

September 3, 1836 (1836-09-03)
Boyle County, Kentucky
DiedAugust 25, 1913 (1913-08-26) (aged 76)
Somerset, Kentucky
NationalityScottish-American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)Virginia Catherine Bradley
RelationsBrother-in-law of William O. Bradley
Children Edwin P. Morrow
Alma mater Centre College
Transylvania University
Occupation Lawyer
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (1861-1863).svg  United States of America
Branch/service Flag of the United States Army.svg Union Army
Years of service18621863
Rank Union Army LTC rank insignia.png Lieutenant colonel
Unit Flag of Kentucky.svg 32nd Kentucky Infantry
Battles/wars Civil War

Thomas Zanzinger [a] Morrow (September 3, 1836 August 25, 1913) was a lawyer, judge, and politician from Kentucky. He was one of twenty-eight men who founded the Kentucky Republican Party. His brother-in-law, William O. Bradley, was elected governor of Kentucky in 1895, and his son, Edwin P. Morrow was elected to that same office in 1919.

Lawyer legal professional who helps clients and represents them in a court of law

A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services.

Kentucky American state

Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it,, Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth. Originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky split from it and became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Contents

Morrow actively campaigned for Abraham Lincoln for president in 1860, and served in both houses of the Kentucky General Assembly. During the Civil War, he raised and commanded the 32nd Kentucky Infantry Regiment of the Union Army, which was in active service from 1862 to 1863. After the war, he remained active with the Republican Party, and was its nominee for governor in 1883, losing to J. Proctor Knott. He served seventeen years as a circuit court judge for Kentucky's 8th district. He died August 25, 1913 after a long illness.

Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States

Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. He preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the U.S. economy.

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

1860 United States presidential election election between Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, John Bell and Stephen A. Douglas

In the 1860 United States presidential election was the nineteenth quadrennial presidential election to select the President and Vice President of the United States. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860. In a four-way contest, the Republican Party ticket of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin emerged triumphant. The election of Lincoln served as the primary catalyst of the American Civil War.

Early life

Thomas Morrow was born in Boyle County, Kentucky September 3, 1836. [1] [2] He was one of six children born to Alexander S. and Margaret (Boyd) Morrow. [3] His paternal grandparents emigrated from Scotland to Pennsylvania before the Revolutionary War. [4]

Boyle County, Kentucky U.S. county in Kentucky

Boyle County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,432. Its county seat is Danville. The county was formed in 1842 and named for John Boyle (1774–1835), a U.S. Representative, chief justice of the Kentucky Court of Appeals and later federal judge for the District of Kentucky.

Scotland Country in Northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Pennsylvania U.S. state in the United States

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the Northeastern, Great Lakes, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Alexander Morrow relocated to Paris, Kentucky before coming to Flemingsburg. [3] In 1848, the family moved to Danville, Kentucky where Alexander found work as a merchant and hotel keeper. [5] [6] Thomas Morrow matriculated to Centre College and graduated in 1855. [6] Among his fellow graduates that year were future Missouri governor Thomas Theodore Crittenden, future Kentucky governor John Y. Brown, and future Kentucky congressman William Campbell Preston Breckinridge. [7] Morrow then enrolled in the law school at Transylvania University, graduating in 1856. [1]

Paris, Kentucky City in Kentucky, United States

Paris is a home rule-class city in Bourbon County, Kentucky, in the United States. It lies 18 miles (29 km) northeast of Lexington on the Stoner Fork of the Licking River. It is the seat of its county and forms part of the Lexington–Fayette Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 8,553.

Danville, Kentucky City in Kentucky, United States

Danville is a home rule-class city in Boyle County, Kentucky, United States. It is the seat of its county. The population was 16,690 at the 2015 Census. Danville is the principal city of the Danville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Boyle and Lincoln counties.

Centre College United States historic place

Centre College is a private liberal arts college in Danville, Kentucky. It is an undergraduate college with an enrollment of approximately 1,400 students. Centre was founded by Presbyterian leaders, and it maintains a loose affiliation with the Presbyterian Church (USA). It was officially chartered by the Kentucky General Assembly in 1819. The college is a member of the Associated Colleges of the South and the Association of Presbyterian Colleges and Universities.

Following graduation, Morrow taught school for six months at Milledgeville in Lincoln County, Kentucky. [3] In 1857, he moved to Somerset, Kentucky where he became the editor of a Democratic newspaper for one year. [5] After this, he opened his law practice, partnering with Joshua Fry Bell. [6] In 1858, he was elected county attorney of Pulaski County; he served until his resignation in 1861. [6] [8]

Lincoln County, Kentucky U.S. county in Kentucky

Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,742. Its county seat is Stanford. Lincoln is a prohibition or "dry county."

Somerset, Kentucky City in Kentucky, United States

Somerset is a home rule-class city in Pulaski County, Kentucky, United States. The city population was 11,196 according to the 2010 census.

Democratic Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its rival, the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

Morrow married Catherine Virginia Bradley on December 24, 1858. [9] Bradley was a sister to William O. Bradley, who was elected the first Republican governor of Kentucky in 1895 and later served as a U. S. Senator. [10] The couple had eight children7 boys and 1 girl. [7] Their youngest children were twin boys; one of these was Edwin P. Morrow, who was elected governor of Kentucky in 1919. [7]

Edwin P. Morrow American politician

Edwin Porch Morrow was an American politician, who served as the 40th Governor of Kentucky from 1919 to 1923. He was the only Republican elected to this office between 1907 and 1927. He championed the typical Republican causes of his day, namely equal rights for African-Americans and the use of force to quell violence. Morrow had been schooled in his party's principles by his father, Thomas Z. Morrow, who was its candidate for governor in 1883, and his uncle, William O. Bradley, who was elected governor in 1895. Both men were founding members of the Republican Party in Kentucky.

Civil War

Morrow supported the Union cause during the Civil War. He was one of twenty-eight men who founded the Kentucky Republican Party, and he actively campaigned for Abraham Lincoln during the 1860 presidential election. [11] He was elected to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1861 and served until 1863. [12]

Morrow helped recruit part of the 32nd Kentucky Infantry for the Union Army, though three of his brothers enlisted in the Confederate Army. [6] [7] The unit went into service on October 28, 1862, with Morrow as its lieutenant colonel. [1] They saw action at the Battle of Stanford among other engagements. [1] Morrow mustered out at Danville, Kentucky on August 12, 1863. [1]

Later political career

Elected to the Kentucky Senate in 1865, Morrow resigned the following year to accept an appointment as U.S. Assessor of Internal Revenue for the Eighth Collection District. He served in that capacity until 1869, and in 1870, he removed to Topeka, Kansas and lived there for fourteen months before returning to Somerset and resuming his legal practice. [3] He was a delegate and presidential elector to the Republican National Convention in 1876, and an alternate elector in 1880. [6]

At the Republican state convention in Lexington, held May 23, 1883, Morrow was chosen as the Republican nominee for governor of Kentucky. [13] His opponent was popular six-term congressman J. Proctor Knott. [14] Morrow charged that the Democrats had, since the end of the Civil War, squandered the state's money and accomplished little. [15] He cited as evidence that in 1865, the state's debt was $6 million and the state sinking fund contained $9 million in resources, but by 1883, the sinking fund was exhausted with the state debt still standing at $400,000. [15] He also attacked outgoing Democratic governor Luke P. Blackburn for his liberal use of executive clemency. [15] Morrow was no match for Knott's oratory nor the scathing press of Louisville Courier-Journal editor Henry Watterson. [16] Knott won the election by a vote of 133,615 to 89,181. [14]

In 1884, Morrow served as chair of the Republican State Central Committee. [17] He was elected circuit court judge for Kentucky's 8th judicial district in 1886, winning by a margin of 862 votes. [9] He retained this position for seventeen years. [18] Also in 1886, he was chosen division commander of the C. A. Zachary post of the Grand Army of the Republic in Somerset. [1] [9] He was a charter member of the First Presbyterian Church of Somerset and was an elder there for many years. [19] He was also a member of the Somerset Elks Lodge and a charter member of the Somerset Odd Fellows Lodge. [18]

In 1908, the city of Somerset erected a park and fountain in the public square and added bronze plaques on pedestals surrounding the fountain to honor citizens who contributed to Pulaski County's development; one of these plaques is dedicated to Morrow. [20] Morrow died at the home of his son, W. Boyd Morrow, on August 25, 1913 after a long illness. [18] He was buried in the city cemetery in Somerset. [18]

Footnotes

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ward, p. 221
  2. Ward, p. 221
  3. 1 2 3 4 Perrin, p. 920
  4. Jillson, p. 19
  5. 1 2 Tibbals, p. 43
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Smith, p. 809
  7. 1 2 3 4 Jillson, p. 22
  8. Tibbals, p. 16
  9. 1 2 3 Perrin, p. 921
  10. Jillson, p. 21
  11. Jillson, p. 23
  12. Tibbals, p. 33
  13. Tapp, p. 215
  14. 1 2 Harrison, p. 262
  15. 1 2 3 Tapp, p. 216
  16. Tapp, p. 217
  17. Perrin, pp. 920921
  18. 1 2 3 4 "Obituary"
  19. Tibbals, p. 44
  20. Tibbals, p. 226

Sources

Further reading