Thomas Zebrowski

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Portrait of Thomas Zebrowski Portrait of Thomas Zebrowski.jpg
Portrait of Thomas Zebrowski

Thomas Zebrowski (Lithuanian : Tomas Žebrauskas, Polish : Tomasz Żebrowski; November 24, 1714 in Samogitia – March 18, 1758 in Vilnius) [1] was a Jesuit architect, mathematician, and astronomer. He was instrumental in establishing and funding the Observatory of Vilnius University. [2] Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt was among his students. [3]

Lithuanian language language spoken in Lithuania

Lithuanian is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region. It is the language of Lithuanians and the official language of Lithuania as well as one of the official languages of the European Union. There are about 2.9 million native Lithuanian speakers in Lithuania and about 200,000 abroad.

Polish language West Slavic language spoken in Poland

Polish is a West Slavic language of the Lechitic group. It is spoken primarily in Poland and serves as the native language of the Poles. In addition to being an official language of Poland, it is also used by Polish minorities in other countries. There are over 50 million Polish language speakers around the world and it is one of the official languages of the European Union.

Samogitia Ethnographic region in Lithuania

Samogitia or Žemaitija is one of the five ethnographic regions of Lithuania. Žemaitija is located in northwestern Lithuania. Its largest city is Šiauliai. Žemaitija has a long and distinct cultural history, reflected in the existence of the Samogitian dialect.

Biography

Zebrowski studied philosophy and theology at Vilnius University. [1] He briefly taught at Jesuit schools in Kražiai, Ilūkste, and Babruysk and prepared construction projects for churches in these towns. They displayed features of Baroque churches in Vilnius. [3] He also designed the Jesuit school in Zhodishki (Жодишки in Belarus), houses for nobles, and other buildings. [1] Though documentary evidence is lacking, it is suspected that Zebrowski was also involved in construction of churches in Minsk and Płock, Oginski residence in Ručyca (Hanuta) village. [3]

Kražiai College

The Kražiai College was a Jesuit college in Kražiai, Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later Russian Empire. Established in 1616 in hopes to educate new generations of anti-Protestants, the college was one of the major cultural and educational centers in Samogitia. In 1620–1742, it shared premises with the Samogitian Priest Seminary. In 1844, the college was transferred to Kaunas.

Ilūkste Town in Daugavpils District, Latvia

Ilūkste is a town and a seat of Ilūkste Municipality, southeastern Latvia.

Babruysk Place in Mogilev Region, Belarus

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After studying at Charles University in Prague under Joseph Stepling in 1750–52, [1] Zebrowski returned to Vilnius, becoming a popular lecturer of physics and astronomy at Vilnius University. [4] He was also interested in geodesy, horology, mineralogy, geography. [3] However, his major passion was astronomy and he pursued funding for an observatory. The construction was funded by Elżbieta Ogińska-Puzynina, while Mikolaj Radziwill and bishop Józef Sapieha donated 13.5-centimetre (5.3 in) and 10-centimetre (3.9 in) diameter reflector telescopes manufactured in Germany. [2] Zebrowski designed the observatory; its construction began in 1753. [4]

Vilnius University oldest university in the Baltic states

Vilnius University is the oldest university in the Baltic states and one of the oldest in Northern Europe. It is the largest university in Lithuania.

Geodesy The science of the geometric shape, orientation in space, and gravitational field of the Earth

Geodesy, is the earth science of accurately measuring and understanding the Earth's geometric shape, orientation in space, and gravitational field. The field also incorporates studies of how these properties change over time and equivalent measurements for other planets. Geodynamical phenomena include crustal motion, tides, and polar motion, which can be studied by designing global and national control networks, applying space and terrestrial techniques, and relying on datums and coordinate systems.

Horology is the study of the measurement of time. Clocks, watches, clockwork, sundials, hourglasses, clepsydras, timers, time recorders, marine chronometers and atomic clocks are all examples of instruments used to measure time. In current usage, horology refers mainly to the study of mechanical time-keeping devices, while chronometry more broadly includes electronic devices that have largely supplanted mechanical clocks for the best accuracy and precision in time-keeping.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 (in Lithuanian)Zubovas, Vladimiras (1985–1988). "Žebrauskas, Tomas". In Jonas Zinkus; et al. Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija. 4. Vilnius: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. p. 640. LCC   86232954.
  2. 1 2 McConnell, Anita (2007). Jesse Ramsden (1735-1800): London's leading scientific instrument maker. Ashgate Publishing. p. 79. ISBN   978-0-7546-6136-8.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Rūta, Alė (1987). "Knyga apie mokslininką jėzuitą Tomą Žebrauską". Aidai (in Lithuanian). 2: 138–140. ISSN   0002-208X.
  4. 1 2 "History". Astronomical Observatory of Vilnius University. Retrieved 2009-12-14.