Thomas and Walter Monteith House

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Thomas and Walter Monteith House
Monteith House - Albany Oregon.jpg
Location 518 W 2nd Ave
Albany, Oregon
Coordinates 44°38′9.1″N123°6′37.″W / 44.635861°N 123.11028°W / 44.635861; -123.11028 Coordinates: 44°38′9.1″N123°6′37.″W / 44.635861°N 123.11028°W / 44.635861; -123.11028
Built 1850
Architectural style Federal
Part of Monteith Historic District [1] (#80003341)
NRHP reference # 75001586
Added to NRHP 1975

Thomas and Walter Monteith House, also known as the Monteith House Museum was the first frame house built in Albany, Oregon, United States. It was built by Walter and Thomas Monteith in 1848–1850. All the house's original boards are hand-hewn due to lack of availability of steam-powered buzzsaws at that time. Originally the home served as a combination dwelling and store, but soon became the residence of Thomas and Christine (Dunbar) Monteith. [2] Described architecturally as "Rural Vernacular / Pre-Classic Revival," [3] the house was extensively remodeled in 1855 and 1880, moved 50 feet west in 1901, and in 1922 again remodeled, such that the structure little resembled the original construction. [4] The house was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. [4] Beginning in 1982 the house has been a museum highlighting the Monteiths' contributions to the area's community. [4] "Living history" events are periodically given at the museum. [5]

Albany, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

Albany is the county seat of Linn County, and the 11th largest city in the State of Oregon. Albany is located in the Willamette Valley at the confluence of the Calapooia River and the Willamette River in both Linn and Benton counties, just east of Corvallis and south of Salem. It is predominantly a farming and manufacturing city that settlers founded around 1848. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population of Albany was 50,158. Its population was estimated by the Portland Research Center to be 51,583 in 2013.

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Hewing

In woodworking, hewing is the process of converting a log from its rounded natural form into lumber (timber) with more or less flat surfaces using primarily an axe. It is an ancient method, and before the advent of the industrial-era type of sawmills, it was a standard way of squaring up wooden beams for timber framing. Today it is still used occasionally for that purpose by anyone who has logs, needs beams, and cannot or would prefer not to pay for finished lumber. Thus homesteaders on frugal budgets, for example, may hew their own lumber rather than buy it.

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References

  1. Witherspoon, Phyllis; McMath, George (May 26, 1978), National Register of Historic Places Inventory — Nomination Form: Monteith Historic District (PDF), retrieved April 5, 2018.
  2. Marschner, Janice (2008). Oregon 1859: A Snapshot in Time. Timber Press. p. 159. ISBN   0881928739 . Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  3. Friedman, Ralph (1990). In Search of Western Oregon. Caxton Press. p. 496. ISBN   0870045091 . Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 "Illustrating Four Treatments in Oregon - Monteith Historic District". National Park Service. U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  5. "Thursday to Thursday". Gazette Times. Corvallis, Oregon. June 13, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
National Park Service United States federal agency

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. The NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while also making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment.